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Chapter 21

What is the significance of England's defeat of the Armada? It ended Spain's domination of the Atlantic
What impact did the French religious wars have on French thinkers? It turned the French thinkers toward skeptism
Why did absolute monarchs believe that they were justified in exercising absolute power? Because they believed in divine right - God created monarchy and monarch acted as God's representative
What role did religion play in the struggle between the Spanish and the Dutch? The Spanish were strict practicing Catholics while the Dutch practiced religious toleration.
How did the lack of a middle class contribute to the decline of Spain’s economy? There were a few business people to stimulate economic growth at home or to promote trade abroad
What does the art described in section one reveal about the cultures of Spain and the Netherlands? Spain's great wealth allowed monarchs and nobles to become patrons of artists. The Dutch also enjoyed a great love of the arts with many of the best artists in Europe living there.
Why did the Dutch revolt against Spain? Philip raised taxes and took steps to crush Protestantism. They revolted and to punish them Philip executed 1,500 Protestants. They continued to fight.
How did Jean Baptiste Colbert intend to stimulate economic growth in France? He intended to stimulate economic growth in France with mercantilism policies to make France self-sufficient.
What was the result of the War of the Spanish Succession? France and Spain were not allowed to unite; Britain gained Gibraltar; Austrian Hapsburg took Spanish Netherlands.
Many historians think of Louis XIV as the perfect example of an absolute monarch. Do you agree? I agree because he controlled the economy, regulated worship, weakened the nobility, and built a magnificent palace to show his power.
How did the policies of Colbert and Louis XIV affect the French economy? Explain both positive and negative results. Helped/Positive- Built up and protected French industries Hurt/Negative- drove out the Huguenots and overspent on buildings and wars
To what extent did anti-Protestantism contribute to Louis's downfall? Cancelling the Edict of Nantes cost France many skilled workers, and wars against Protestant countries damaged the French economy.
Created by: 21sluke
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