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Chapter 10 Glands

Hormones and their function

Hypothalamic releasing/inhibiting hormones Function: Regulates the anterior pituitary gland. Hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland.
ADH (Anti-diuretic hormone) Function: Stimulates water reabsorption by kidneys and blood vessel constriction
Oxytocin Function: Stimulates uterine contraction ad milk release from mammary glands
TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) Function: Stimulate they thyroid gland
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone) Function: Stimulates the adrenal cortex
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) Function: Sperm and egg production/sex hormone production
LH (Luteinizing hormone) Function: Sperm and egg production/sex hormone production
PRL (Prolactin) Function: Milk Production
GH (Growth hormone) Function: Cell division, protein synthesis, and bone growth
MSH (Melanocyte-stimulating hormone) Function: Unknown in humans
Thyroxine and triiodothyronine Function: Increases metabolic rate, regulates growth and deveolopment
Calcitonin Function: Lowers blood calcium level
(PTH) Parathyroid Function: Raises blood calcium level
Glucocorticoids (Cortisol) Function: Raises blood glucose level, stimulates protein breakdown (stress reactions)
Mineralocorticoids (Aldosterone) Function: Stimulates sodium absorption and potassium excretion from kidneys.
Sex Hormones Function: Stimulates reproductive organs and brings about sex characteristics.
Insulin Function: Lowers blood glucose level and promotes the formation of glycogen
Glucagon Function: Raises blood glucose level
Somatostatin Function: Inhibits insulin and glucagon
Androgen (Testosterone) Function: Simulates male sex characteristics
Estrogen and progesterone Function: Stimulates female sex characteristics
Thymosin Function: Stimulates production and maturation of T-lymphocytes (immune system)
Melatonin Function: Controls circadian rhythm (sleep cycle)
Created by: Mr.Klein