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Reproduction 1

Male and Female reproduction

Gametes go through a special process of cell division called ________. Meiosis
Spermatozoa begin their development in tiny coiled ____________. Seminiferous tubules
An ovum matures in a small fluid-filled cluster of cells called the _________. Follicle
Failure of the testies to descend into the scrotum results in the disorder ________. Cryptochidism
Surgical removal of the uterus is called a(n) _________. Hysterectomy
A hormone released by the pituitary that promotes follicular development in the ovary is ________. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
A hormone released by the developing follicles that promotes thickening of the endometrium is ________. Estrogen
A hormone released by the pituitary that stimulates ovulation is _______. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
A hormone released by the corpus luteum that promotes thickening of the endometrium is ____. Progesterone
A month or two before birth the testis travels from the abdominal cavity to the scrotum through the __________> Inguinal canal
Enzymes that help the sperm cell to penetrate the ovum are found in the ______. Acrosomes
Inflamation of the testis is called ____. Orchitis
The uterus and ovaries are supported by the ______________. Broad Ligaments
The area between the vaginal opening and the anus is referred to as the ___________. Perineum
The most common site of cancer in the female reproductive tract is the __________. Endometrium
What is the pathway of sperm from the site of production to the urethra. Seminiferous tubules - Epididymis - Ductus (vas)deferens - Seminal vesicle - ejaculatory duct - through the Prostate - Urethra.
What are the components of semen? Spermatozoa, seminal fluid, prostatic secretions, and mucos.
_______ is the muscular wall of the uterus and is lined by a grandular epithelium called ___. Myometrium - Endometrium
The _____ is a small fluid-filled cluster of cells that support, protect, & nourish an ovum. Ovarian follicle
After the ovum has been expelled, the remaining follicle is transformed into the ______, which secretes estrogen & progesterone. Corpus luteum
___________ requires only one individual that divides into two new individuals. Asexual reproduction
_________ requires two kinds of individuals, male and female, each of which has specialized cells (egg & sperm) that combine to form a new individual. Sexual reproduction
_________ are male gametes, _____ are female gametes. Each contain half of the number of chromosomes required to make a new individual. Spermatozoa - ova
_____________ are found in the seminiferous tubules, where they support, protect, & nourish developing spermatozoa. Sustentacular cells
___________ are found in the tissue between seminiferous tubules, where they secrete testosterone. Interstitial cells
Name the hormones that control male reproduction. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)Luteinizing Hormone (LH)Testosterone
Promotes formation of spermatozoa Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Promotes testosterone secretion Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Required for sperm development Testosterone
What is the pathway of the ovum from the site of production to the site of implantation: Ovary - Uterine tube - Uterus
Inflammation of the epididymis is termed ____? Epididymitis
Prostatitis is inflammation of the _________. Prostate
Noncancerous enlargement of the prostate is called ___________. Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Malignant enlargement of the prostate is called _________. Prostate cancer
Absence of menstrual flow is known as _________. Amenorrhea
Painful or difficult menstruation is termed ___. Dysmenorrhea
Small, usually benign, tumors in the myometrium of the uterus that may develop between puberty and menopause are called ___. Fibroids
This type of cancer affects the endometrial lining of the uterus and usually affects women during or after menopause. Endometrial cancer
The leading cause of cancer deaths in women, is highly curable if treated before it has metastasized. Ovarian cancer
This cancer is linked to infection with the human papilloma virus. Cervical cancer
Created by: cathyb