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A & P 3.1-3.3

TermDefinition
Cutaneous Membrane Another name for skin
Epithelial Membrane Thin sheets of tissue lining the internal and external surfaces of the body
Membranes Thin sheets or layers of pliable tissue
Mucous Membranes Thin sheets of tissues lining the body cavities that open to the outside world
Pericardium The membrane that surrounds the heart
Peritoneum The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
Pleura The membrane that encases the lungs
Serous Fluid Thin, clear liquid that serves as a lubricant between parietal and visceral membranes
Serous Membranes Thin sheets of tissues that line the body cavities closed to the outside world
Synovial Fluid A clear liquid secreted by synovial membranes that provide cushioning for and reduces friction in synovial joints
Synovial Membrane Lining of the synovial joint cavity that produces synovial fluid
Dermis Layer of skin between the epidermis and the hypodermis; includes nerve endings, glands and hair follicles
Epidermal Dendritic Cells Skin cells that initiate an immune system response to the presence of foreign bacteria or viruses
Epidermis Outer layer of skin
Hypodermis Layer of skin beneath the dermis, which serves as a storage repository for fat
Integumentary System Enveloping organ of the body that includes the epidermis, dermis, sudoriferous, sebaceous glands, nails and hair
Keratin Tough protein found in the skin, hair and nails
Keratinocytes Cells within the epidermis that produce keratin
Melanin Pigment that protects the body against harmful effects of ultraviolet ray damage from the sun
Melanocytes Specialized cells in the skin that produce melanin
Merkel Cells Touch receptors in the skin
Papillary Layer Outer layer of the dermis
Reticular Layer Layer of skin superficial to the papillary layer
Sebaceous Glands Glands located all over the body that produce sebum
Sebum Oily substance that helps keep the hair and skin soft
Stratum Basale Deepest layer of epidermis
Stratum Corneum Outer layer of the epidermis
Stratum Granulosum Layer of somewhat flattened cells lying just superficial to the stratum spinosum and interior to the stratum lucidum
Stratum Lucidum Clear layer of thick skin found only on the palms of hands and feet
Stratum Spinosum Layer of cells in the epidermis superior to the stratum basale and inferior to the stratum granulosum
Sudoriferous Glands Swear glands that are distributed in the dermis over the entire body
Basal Cell Carcinoma Most common and least malignant form of skin cancer
Cellulitis Bacterial infection characterized by an inflamed area of skin
Common Warts Typically appear on hands and feet but disappear without treatment
First-Degree Burns Burns that affect only the epidermal layer of skin
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Cold Sores around the mouth
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Genital herpes
Herpes Varicella Chickenpox
Herpes Zoster Shingles
Impetigo Bacterial infection characterized by pink blister-like bumps, usually on the fafce
Malignant melanoma Cancer of the melanocytes; the most serious form of skin cancer
Peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum (Membrane lining the inner wall of the abdomen and abdominal organs)
Plantar Warts Foot warts which grow inward
Pleurisy Inflammation of the pleura (Membrane encasing the lungs)
Psoriasis Common skin disorder involving redness, irritation, scales, burning and cracking of the skin
Rule of Nines Calculating body surface area affected by burns
Second-Degree Burns Damage to epidermis and upper portion of the underlying dermis (Blisters are present)
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Rapidly growing cancer that appears as a scaly, reddened patch of skin
Third-Degree Burns Burns which destroy the entire thickness of the skin
Tinea Fungal infection that tends to occur in moist areas of the body
Created by: Andrearoberts