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cardiovascular terms

TermDefinition
angioplasty surgical repair or recanalization of a blood vessel
anticoagulant of, relating to, or utilizing anticoagulants
aplastic not exhibiting growth or change in structure
arrhythmia an alteration in rhythm of the heartbeat either in time or force
ateriosclerosis a chronic disease characterized by abnormal thickening and hardening of the arterial walls with resulting loss of elasticity
atherectomy removal of atherometous plaque from within a blood vessel by utilizing a catheter usually fitted with a cutting blade or grinding burr
atheroma an abnormal fatty deposit in an artery
atherosclerosis an arteriosclerosis characterized by atheromatous deposits in and fibrosis of the inner layer of the arteries
atrial fibrillation very rapid uncoordinated contractions for the atria of the heart resulting in a lack of synchronism between heartbeat and pulse beat
beta blocker any of a group of drugs that combine with and block the activity of a beta-receptor to decrease the heart rate and force of contractions
cardiac arrest abrupt temporary or permanent cessation of the heartbeat
cardiac catheterization a medical procedure in which a thin, flexible catheter is inserted through an artery or vein and passed into the heart for the diagnosis and treatment of heart conditions
cholesterol a steroid alcohol C27H45OH that is present in animal cells and body fluids, regulates membrane fluidity, functions as a precursor molecule in various metabolic pathways and as a constituent of LDL may cause atherosclerosis
coronary thrombosis the blocking of a coronary artery of the heart by a thrombis
cyanosis a bluish or purplish discoloration due to deficient oxygenation of the blood
defibrillation restoration of the rhythm of a fibrillating heart
electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) the tracing made by an electrocardiograph
embolism the sudden obstruction of blood vessel by an embolus
embolus an abnormal particle circulating in the blood
endoarterial if or relating to the intima of an artery
endocarditis inflammation of the lining of the heart and its valves
endocardium inner layer of the heart
epicardium outer most layer of the heart
hemolytic anemia anemia caused by an excessive destruction of red blood cells
hemophilia a tendency to uncontrollable bleeding
hemostasis stoppage or sluggishness of blood flow
leukemia an acute or chronic disease of unknown cause in humans that involves the blood forming organs, characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of WBCs in the tissues of the body with/without a corresponding increase of those in the circulating blood
lekopenia a condition in which the number of WBCs circulating in the blood is abnormally low, which is likely due to decreased production in new cells
megaloblastic anemia an anemia characterized by the presence of megaloblasts in the circulating blood
myocardial infarction heart attack
myocardium thick, muscular middle layer of the heart
pericardium the conical sac of serous membrane that encloses the heart and the roots of the great blood vessels of vertebrates
pernicious anemia a severe hyperchromic anemia marked by a progressive decrease in number and increase in size and hemoglobin content of the red blood cells
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
septicemia invasion of the blood stream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection that is accompanied by acute systemic illness
sickle cell anemia a chronic anemia characterized by destruction of red blood cells
tachycardia rapid heart rate
temporal arteritis arterial inflammation that often involves the temporal arteries and at lead to blindness when the ophthalmic artery and its branches are affected
thrombocytopenia persistent decrease in the number of blood platelets that is often associated with hemorrhagic conditions
thrombolytic destroying or breaking up a thrombus
thrombosis the formation or presence of a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin
varicose veins an abnormal swelling and tortuosity especially of a superficial vein of the legs
ventricular fibrillation very rapid uncoordinated fluttering contractions of the ventricles of the heart resulting in loss of synchronization between heart beat and pulse beat
ventricular tachycardia tachycardia that is associated with the generation of electrical impulses within the ventricles
Created by: mkhodges