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Basic Chem 2

Tonicity

QuestionAnswer
SHRINKING OF BLOOD CELLS CRENATION
A SOLUTION THAT CAUSES CRENATION OF A RED BLOOD CELL HYPERTONIC
NORMAL SALINE IS WHAT KIND OF SOLUTION? ISOTONIC
DESCRIBES A 10% DEXTROXE SLOLUTION RELATIVE TO PLASMA IF A 5% DEXTROSE SOLUTION IS ISOTONIC TO PLASMA HYPERTONIC
DESCRIBES PURE WATER RELATIVE TO PLASMA HYPOTONIC
REFERS TO CARBON-CONTAINING SUBSTANCES ORGANIC
A NITROGEN-CONTAINING WASTE PRODUCT UREA
BUILDING BLOCKS OF LIPIDS FATTY ACIDS AND GLYCEROL
NONDIGESTIBLE POLYSACCHARIDE FOUND IN PLANTS CELLULOSE
PROTEIN CONTAINS THIS ADDITION TO CARBON, OXYGEN, AND HYDROGEN NITROGEN
BUILDING BLOCKS THAT ARE JOINED TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS AMINO ACIDS
AMINO ACIDS THAT CANNOT BY SYNTHESIZED BY THE BODY AND MUST THEREFORE BE OBTAINED THROUGH DIETARY INTAKE ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS
SUCROSE, MALTOSE, AND LACTOSE; SOMETIMES CALLED "DOUBLE SUGARS" DISACCHARIDES
GLUCOSE, FRCTOSE, AND GALACTOSE MONOSCACCHARIDES
GLUCOSE IS STORED AS THIS POLYSACCHARIDE; IT IS ALSO CALLED "ANIMAL STRARCH" GLYCOGEN
AMINO ACIDS THAT CAN BE SYNTHESIZED BY THE BODY NONESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS
CLASSIFICATION OF TRIGLYCEERIDES AND STEROIDS LIPIDS
CHEMICAL REACTIONS THAT BUILD LARGER, MORE COMPLEX SUBSTANCES ANABOLISM
THE AMINE GROUP OF ALANINE JOINS WITH THE ACID PART OF VALINE TO FORM THIS PEPTIDE BOND
ARE PRODUCED BY THE RAPID, INCOMPLETE BREAKDOWN OF FATTY ACIDS GLYCOLYSIS
SERIES OF REACTIONS THAT ANAEROBICALLY BREAK DOWN GLUCOSE TO LACTIC ACID GLYCOLYSIS
SERIES OF AEROBIC REACTIONS THAT OCCUR IN THE MITOCHONDRIA KREBS CYCLE
END-PRODUCTS OF THE AEROBIC CATABOLISM OF GLUCOSE CO2 WATER, ENERGY, (ATP)
ALMOST EVERY CHEMICAL REACTION IN THE BODY IS CATALYZED BY THIS ENZYME
THIS SERIES OF ANAEROBIC REACTIONS OCCURS WITHIN THE CYTOPLASM GLYCOLYSIS
TYPE OF BOND FORMED WHEN ELECTRONS ARE SHARED BY ATOMS COVALENT BOND
TYPE OF BOND THAT FORMS BETWEEN WATER MOLECULES HYDROGEN BOND
TYPE OF BOND THAT FORMS WATER COVALENT BOND
TYPE OF BOND BETWEEN SODIUM AND CHLORIDE IN TABLE SALT, NaCl IONIC BOND
AN INTERMOLECULAR BOND HYDROGEN BOND
TYPE OF BOND USUALLY FROMED WHEN CARBON INTERACTS WITH ANOTHER ATOM COVALENT BOND
ATOM THAT CARRIES AN ELECTRICAL CHARGE ION
WHAT IS SODIUM ION A CATION
FORMED AS ELECTRONS ARE EITHER LOST OR GAINED ION
CLASSIFATION OF NaCl ELECTROLYTE
CHLORIDE ION ANION
POSITIVELY CHARGED ION CATION
NEGATIVELY CHARGED ION ANION
ION THAT IS REPRESENTED AS Ca2+ CATION
DISSOCIATION OF NaCl INTO Na+ AND Cl- IONIZATION
SUBSTANCE THAT CAN IONIZE ELECTROLYTE
O2 AND N2 ARE MOLECULES; ALSO CLASSIFIED AS... MOLECULE(S)
SUBSTANCES THAT CONTAIN MOLECULES FORMED BY TWO OR MORE DIFFERENT ATOMS COMPOUND(S)
CALSSIFICATION OF H2O, IN ADDITION TO "MOLECULE" COMPOUND(S)
MOST ABUNDANT COMPOUND IN THE BODY WATER
MOLECULE THAT EXISTS IN NATURE AS A GAS AND PLAYS AN ESSEENTIAL METABOLIC ROLE IN SUPPLYING THE CELLS OF THE BODY WITH ENERGY OXYGEN
COMPOUND IS A WASTE PRODUCT THAT IS FORMED WHEN FOOD IS CHEMICALLY BROKEN DOWN FOR ENERGY CARBON DIOXIDE
COMPOUND THAT IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE UNIVERSAL SOLVANT WATER
COMPOUND THAT HAS THE ABILITY TO ABSORB LARGE AMOUNTS OF HEAT WITHOUT ITSELF INCREASING DRAMITICALLY IN TEMPERATURE WATER
DESCRIBES, FOR EXAMPLE, GLUCOSE+O2--CO2+H2O+ENERGY CHEMICAL REACTION
DESCRIBES THE ROLE OF AN ENZYME THAT INCREASES THE RATE OF A CHEMICAL REACTION CATALYST
A SCALE, RANGING FROM 0 TO 14, THAT MEASURES HOW MANY H+ ARE IN SOLUTION pH
ELECTROLYTE THAT DISSOCIATES INO H+ AND AN ANION ACID/ACIDIC
SUBSTANCE THAT REMOVES H+ FORM SOLUTION BASE/BUFFER
DESCRIBES A pH OF 7.6 BASE/ALKALINE
DESCRIBES THE EFFECT OF AN ANTACID ON STOMACH H+ BUFFER
DESCRIBES GRAPEFRUIT JUICE, VINEGAR, AND LEMON JUICE ACID/ACIDIC
ALSO REFERRED TO AS "ALKALINE" BASE/ALKALINE
CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE THAT PREVENTS LARGE CHANGES IN pH BUFFER
DESCRIBES NORMAL pH OF URINE ACID/ACIDIC
DESCRIBES NORMAL pH OF BLOOD BASE/ALKALINE
DESCRIBES NORMAL pH OF GASTRIC JUICE ACID/ACIDIC
SUBSTANCE THAT CAN EITHER DONATE OR REMOVE H+ FROM SOLUTION BUFFER
WHICH NUMBER INDICATES A NEUTRAL pH? 7
WHAT IS THE ACIDIC RANGE? 0-7
WHAT IS THE BASIC RANGE? 7-14
WHAT IS THE THE ALKALINE RANGE? 7-14
RELATIVE TO pH7, WHICH NUMBERS INDICATES A HIGHER CONCENTRATION OF H+? LESS THAN 7
RELATIVE TO pH 7, WHICH NUMBERS INDICATE A LOWER CONCENTRATION OF H+? MORE THAN 7
RANGE FOR BLOOD pH 7.35-7.45
RANGE FOR INTESTINAL CONTENTS 8-10
RANGE FOR STOMACH CONTENTS 1-4
RANGE FOR URINE 5-8
A LOG IS BURNED, PROVIDING LIGHT AS CHEMICAL ENERGY IS CONVERTED INTO THE TYPE ENERGY RADIENT
WALKING AS AN EXPRESSION OF THIS TYPE OF ENERGY MECHANICAL
A LIS IS BURNED, WARMING EVERYONE AROUND THE CAMPFIRE AS CHEMICAL ENERGY IS CONVERTED INTO THIS TYPE OF ENERGY THERMAL
THE HEART PUSHES BLOOD INTO LARGE BLOOD VESSELS AS CHEMICAL ENERGY IS CONVERTED INTO THIS TYPE OF ENERGY MECHANICAL
TYPE OF ENERGY THAT HOLDS ATOMS TOGETHER CHEMICAL
TYPE OF ENERGY THAT IS RELEASED FROM THE MOVEMENT OF IONS ELECTRICAL
ENERGY TRANSFER SUBSTANCE ATP
THE UNSTABLE NUCLEUS OF AN ISOTOPE SPONTANEOUSLY DECAYS, THEREBY EMITTING THIS TYPE OF ENERGY NUCLEAR
RESPONSIBLE FOR BODY TEMPERATURE AS CHEMICAL ENERGY IS CONVERTED TO THIS TYPE OF ENERGY THERMAL
AN EXAMPLE IS BLOOD PLASMA BECAUSE THE PROTEINS REMAIN SUSPENDED WITHIN THE PLASMA COLLOIDAL SUSPENSION
SOLUTION IN WHICH WATER IS THE SOLVENT AQUEOUS SOLUTION
SOLUTION IN WHICH ALCHOL IS THE SOLVENT TINCTURE
COMBINATIONS OF TWO OR MORE SUBSTANCES THAT CAN BE SEPARATED BY ORDINARY PHYSICAL MEANS MIXTURE
EXAMPLES INCLUDE MAYONNAISE, EGG WHITE, AND JELLIES COLLODIAL SUSPENSION
COMBINATION OF SUGAR AND LITTLE BITS OF IRON MIXTURE
AN EXAMPLE IS SEA OR SALT WATER SOLUTION
SUSPENSION IN WHICH THE PARTICLES ARE SO SMALL THAT THEY DO NOT NEED TO BE SHAKEN TO KEEP THEM EVENLY DISTRIBUTED TINCTURE
DESCRIPTION OF CHEWING AND CHOPPING A LOG PHYSICAL CHANGE
A STRONG ACID HCl
WHAT CLASSIFICATION IS THERMAL, CHEMICAL, AND RADIANT ENERGY
BEST DESCRIPTION OF A RADIOISOTOPE UNSTABLE
WHAT TYPE OF BOND IS FORMED WHEN TWO HYDROGEN ATOMS AND ONE OXYGEN ATOM UNITE TO FORM WATER? COVALENT
WHAT IS DOES POTASSIUM FALL UNDER? AN ELECTROLYTE
THE SODIUM ION IS A(N) CATION
MOST COMMONLY USED TRANSPORT MECHANISM DIFFUSION
A PRESSURE GRADIENT IS THE DRIVING FORCE FOR THIS TYPE OF TRANSPORT FILTRATION
TRANSPORT MECHANISM THAT INGULFS A SOLID PARTICLE BY THE CELL MEMBRANE; A TYPE OF ENDOCYTOSIS PHAGOCYTOSIS
WHAT IS A CHARACTERIZED CONDITION CAUSED BY A LACK OF O2 IN A CRITICALLY ILL PT? LACTIC ACIDOSIS
WHEN BLOOD SUGAR DECREASES, THE GLYCOGEN IN THE LIVER IS CONVERTED INTO WHICH SUBSTANCE? GLUCOSE
WHY ARE YOU, UNLIKE TERMITES, UNABLE TO EAT YOUR WOOD HOUSE? WE DON'T HAVE THE ENZYMES TO DIGEST THE CELLULOSE
GLYCOLYSIS IS...... ANAEROBIC AND CYTOPLASMIC
WITH REGARD TO BASE-PAIRING, THYMINE CAN ONLY PAIR WITH WHICH BASE? ADENINE
WHAT DESCRIBES THE EFFECT OF EXCESS KETONE BODIES IN THE BLOOD OF A DIABETIC PERSON? ACIDOSIS
WHAT ARE 2 NUCLEOTIDES? DNA AND RNA
3 LIPID-RELATED STRUCTURES ARE CHOLESTEROL, STERIOD, FATTY ACIDS
2 TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS ARE... ESSENTIAL AND NONESSENTIAL
3 TYPES OF MONOSACCARIDES ARE... GLUCOSE, FRUCTOSE, GALACTOSE
2 KETONE BODIES ARE.... KETOACIDS AND ACETONE
Created by: aantonino