Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

POLS 203-Ch. 4

Ch. 4 Vocabulary

Civil Liberties Individual rights protected by the Constitution against the powers of the government.
Writ of Habeas Corpus An order that requires an official to bring a specified prisoner into court and explain to the judge why the person is being held in jail.
Bill of Attainder A legislative act that inflicts punishment on particular persons’ or groups without granting them the right to a trial.
Ex Post Facto law A criminal law that punishes individuals for committing an act that was legal when the act was committed.
Due Process clause The constitutional guarantee set out in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments, that the government will not illegally or arbitrarily deprive a person of life, liberty, or property.
Due Process of Law The requirement that the government use fair, reasonable, and standard procedures whenever it takes any legal action against an individual; required by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments.
Establishment clause The section of the First Amendment that prohibits Congress from passing laws “respecting an establishment of religion.”
Free Exercise clause The provision of the First Amendment stating that the government cannot pass laws “prohibiting the free exercise” of religion.
Lemon test A three-part test enunciated by the Supreme Court in the 1971 case of Lemon v. Kurtzman to determine whether government aid to parochial school is constitutional.
School Voucher An educational certificate, provided by a government, that allows a student to use public funds to pay for a private or a public school chosen by the student or his or her parents.
Symbolic Speech the expression of beliefs, opinions, or ideas through forms other than verbal speech or print; speech involving actions and other nonverbal expressions.
Seditious Speech Speech that urges resistance to lawful authority or that advocates the overthrow of a government.
Imminent Lawless action test The current Supreme Court doctrine for assessing the constitutionality of subversive speech. To be illegal, speech must be “directed to inciting…. imminent lawless action.”
Commercial Speech Advertising statements that describe products. Commercial speech receives less protection under the First Amendment than ordinary speech.
Libel A published report of a falsehood that tends to injure a person’s reputation or character.
Slander The public utterance (speaking) of a statement that holds a person up for contempt, ridicule, or hatred.
Obscenity Indecency or offensiveness in speech, expression, behavior, or appearance.
Probable clause Cause for believing that there is a substantial likelihood that a person has committed or is about to commit a crime.
Double Jeopardy The prosecution of a person twice for the same criminal offense; prohibited by the Fifth Amendment in all but a few circumstances.
Self-incrimination Providing damaging information or testimony against oneself in court.
Exclusionary rule A criminal procedural rule stating that illegally obtained evidence is not admirable in court.
Miranda Warnings A series of statements informing criminal suspects, on their arrest, of their constitutional rights, such as the right to remain silent and the right to counsel; required by the Supreme Court’s 1966 decision in Miranda v. Arizona.
Created by: Maddyjo
Popular American Government sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards