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AG - Chapter 1

What is democracy? A government created by the people over whom it rules.
What is disenfranchised? Losing or being denied the legal right to vote by intentional or unintentional means.
What is authority? The right to act in an official capacity by virtue of holding an office like president or member of Congress.
What is legitimacy? Widespread public acceptance of the official standing of a political figure or institution.
What is power? The ability to make others act in a way that they otherwise might not have a done.
What is resources? Anything of value to others that can be used to sway another individual.
What is politics? The process of determining who gets what, when, and how.
What is empirical? Any statement based on the assessment of data or the analysis of information, without regard to value judgments.
What is elitism? The theory that government responds to a small, stable, centralized hierarchy of corporate and academic leaders, military chiefs, people who own big media outlets, and members of a permanent government bureaucracy.
What is pluralism? The theory that government responds to individuals through their membership in groups, assuring that government is responsive to a wide range of voices.
What is equality of opportunity? One of several ways of understanding equality. This way values giving people comparable advantages for succeeding in life, regardless of the unequal outcomes that may result.
What is direct democracy? Democracy without representation, where each eligible individual participates in decision making.
What is equality of outcome? One of several ways of understanding equality. This way values leveling the social and economic inequities among people, rather than attempting to give people comparable advantages for succeeding in life.
What is liberty? The ability to pursue your ends and objectives, tempered by socially defined boundaries and limited government impediments.
What is social equality? A form of equality of outcome that values using government policy to minimize social class distinctions around in society.
What is social responsibility? Concern for the protection of the rights of individuals in a community or society, at the expense of some degree of personal liberty.
What is republic? Any nation with provisions for the selection of representatives who make decisions on behalf of those who select them.
What is normative? Any statement that invokes a judgment or evaluation.
Created by: rcuth812160
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