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Anatomy

Anatomy exam II Pleura and lungs

QuestionAnswer
The _____ is a serous sac invaginated by a lung pleura
What are the 2 parts of the pleural cavity? the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura
Which pleura adheres the the lung? visceral pleura
Which pleura lines the thoracic wall and diaphram and faces the mediastinum? parietal pleura
What are the 4 parts of the parietal pleura? 1. costal part 2. mediastinal part 3. diaphragmatic part 4. cervical pleura (cupola)
Describe the costal part of the parital pleura lines the ribs and intercostal space
Describe the mediastinal part of the parital pleura faces the mediastinum
Describe the diaphragmatic part of the parietal pleura converts the diaphragm
Describe the cervial pleura of the parietal pleura dome-like roof of the pleural sac (cupola)
The _____ occurs between the costal and diaphragmatic parts of the parietal pleura. costodiaphragmatic recess
The _____ occurs anteriorly between the costal and mediastinal parts of the parietal pleura (larger on the left side due to the cardiac notch) costomediastinal recess
Fluids that collect in the pleural recesses is called______ pleural effusion
Serous fluid in the lungs is called _____ hydrothorax
Blood in the lungs is called _____ hemothorax
Chyle in the lungs is called _____ chylothorax
If air is introduced into the pleural cavity, it changes from a potential space into a real space, and the lung on that side collapses is called _____ pneumothorax
If air continues to enter the pleural cavity and cannot escape due to a one-way valve, ________ develops tension pneumothorax
Which lung has 3 lobes? right; superior, middle and inferior
Which lung has 2 lobes? left; superior and inferior
Name the fissure(s) of the right lung oblique and horizontal
Name the fissure(s) of the left lung oblique
The tongue-like process that borders the cardiac notch is called _____ lingula
The cardiac notch and a shallower notch in the left pleural sac allow access to pericardial sac through the 5th intercostal space for the drainage of fluid. This is called ____ pericardiocentesis
The _____ of the lung consists of the pulmonary artery and veins and the primary bronchus, tubular structures that connect the lung to structures in the mediastinum root
The _____ (space)of the lung is the region on the medial surface of the lung outlined by the pleural reflection that surrounds the root hilum
Created by: luckynikki