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Anatomy

Body Structure and Function

QuestionAnswer
What are the 8 body cavities? Ventral, Thoracic, Mediastinum, Abdominal, Pelvic, Dorsal, Cranial, and spinal
What is homeostasis? The bodies ability to maintain a stable internal environment
What does the control centre do in homeostasis? Decides what must be done and sends a message to the effector
What is the purpose for the effector in homeostasis Carries out the order from the control centre
What does ventral mean? Front
What is the Thoracic Cavity Diaphragm separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
What is mediastinum Separates the left and right lungs
What does Dorsal mean? Back
What is a Cranial Cavity? Brain
What is your Spinal Cavity? Spinal Cord
Name the 3 Right Abdominopelic Regions? Right hypochondriac region, Right lumbar region, Right iliac region
Name the 3 middle Abdominopelic Regions? Epigastric Region (above stomach), Hypogastric Region
Name the 3 left Abdominopelic Regions? Left hypochondriac region, Left lumbar region, Left iliac region
What are the 4 abdominal quadrants? Right upper, Left upper, Right lower, Left lower
What is in the Right Upper Quadrant? Liver, gallbladder, right kidney
What is in the Left Upper Quadrant? Liver, kidney, pancreas, colon
What is in the Right Lower Quadrant? Colon, small intestine, appendix
What is in the Left Lower Quadrant? colon, small intestine,
What are the 3 body planes? Median, Frontal, Transverse
What does Transverse mean? Slices in half, top to bottom sections
What does frontal mean? Slices front to back
What does Median mean Slices in the middle of right and left sides of body
List the 4 atomic symbols and common chemicals found in the body. Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Explain the importance of normal blood ph regulation. The body prioritizes the ph balance of blood, heart, and lung.
What happens when the ph unit changes more then a few tenths? death becomes possible.
What is Anatomy? Structure and shape of the body
What is Physiology? The study of how the body parts function
What does gross anatomy mean? Visible to the naked eye
What does microscopic anatomy mean? You can only see through the microscope
Physio stands for? Nature
Ology stands for? The study of.
How does Anatomy and Physiology work? The body works together as a whole, the anatomy of a body parts determines its physiology.
Created by: egooder