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wall of heart

a and p II, chap 15 #2

QuestionAnswer
location of heart (8) facts to remember posterior to sternum; medial to lungs; anterior to veterbal column base; lies beneath 2nd ribapex at 5th intercostallies upon diaphragmbase: medialapex: lateral
the wall of the heart of composed of these 3 layers epicardium; myocardium; endocardium
the epicardium is also called the _________ visceral periocardium: which is the outter layer of the heart and the inner layer of the pericardium
the visceral pericardium or epicardium depending on nomenclature function is to form a protective outer covering; secretes serous fluid to protect from friction with outside organs and tissue
the myocardium: is cardiac muscle tissue seperated by connective tissue and blood and lymph capillaries and nerve fibers
the function of the mycardium is to contracts to pump blood from the heart chambers
the endocardium is a membrane made of epithelium and underlying connective tissue, including blood vessels and specialized muscle fibers
the function of the endocardium is to form a protective inner lining of the chambers and valves
the periocardial cavity is what the pericardium sits in, it is also a common site for infections
the pericardium (or pericardio sac) surrounds the heart and is made of connective tissue
the pericardium is made to 2 layers and each layer is respectily made of a different tissue each, which are parietal pericardium; fibrous pericardium--
fibrous pericardium is... is a tough, protective sac of dense connective tissue: most superficial layer
parietal pericardium... surrounds the epicardium, and connects at the base of the heart the visceral (epicardium) pericardium.
pericardial cavity is... In between the parietal and visceral pericardial layers there is a potential space called the pericardial cavity. It is lubricated by a film of serous fluid.
visceral pericaridium is... epicardium
serous pericardium The serous pericardium consists of two layers: a parietal pericardium and a visceral pericardium
Created by: stags