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Basic Chemistry 1

QuestionAnswer
COMPOSED OF THREE PARTICLES: PROTONS, NEUTRONS, AND ELECTRONS ATOM
EXISTS IN THREE STATES: LIQUID, SOLID, AND GAS MATTER
FORMED WHEN SODIUM LOSES AN ELECTRON ION
THE NUMBER OF PROTONS IN THE NUCLEUS ATOMIC NUMBER
THE SUM OF THE PROTONS AND NEUTRONS ATOMIC WEIGHT
A DIFFERENT FORM OF THE SAME ELEMENT: SAME ATOMIC NUMBER BUT DIFFERENT ATOMIC WEIGHT ISOTOPE
IN EACH ATOM, THE NUMBER OF THESE IS EQUAL TO THE NUMBER OF PROTONS ELECTRONS
CLASSIFICATION OF KCI ELECTROLYTE(S)
CLASSIFICATION OF K+ AND Cl? IONS
CLASSIFICATION OF K+ CATION
CLASSIFICATION OF Cl? ANION
AN ELECTROLYTE THAT DISSOCIATES INTO H+ + AN ANION ACID
THE ION THAT MAKES A SOLUTION MORE ACIDIC H+
THE MEASUREMENT OF [H+] pH
THE CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY A pH LESS THAN 7.35 ACIDOSIS
THE CONDITION CHARACTERIZED BY A pH GREATER THAN 7.45 ALKALOSIS
AN ALKALI BASE
THE IONIZATION OF SALT (NaCl) PRODUCES A CATION AND AN ANION
AN ENERGY TRANSFER MOLECULE ATP
WHAT INCREASES THE SPEED OF A CHEMICAL REACTION? A CATALYST
WHAT DISSOCIATES INTO IONS? AN ELECTROLYTE
A PT WITH A BLOOD pH OF 7.28 IS... IS ACIDOTIC
A SOLUTION WITH A pH OF 8 IS MORE ALKALINE THAN BLOOD
IF THE pH OF A SOLUTION CHANGES FROM 8 TO 7.6 THE SOLUTION HAS BECOME LESS ALKALINE
THE pH OF URINE.... IS MORE ACICDIC THAN STOMACH CONTENTS
THE ADDITION OF H+ TO BLOOD MAKES THE BLOOD MORE ACIDIC
BLOOD IS CALLED A "COLLOIDAL SUSPENSION" BECAUSE... OF THE SUSPENDED PLASMA PROTEINS.
DESCRIPTION OF AN AQUEOUS SOLUTION AND A TINCTURE WATER, ALCOHOL
THE CONTROL CENTER OF THE CELL; CONTAINS THE DNA NUCLEUS
SHORT, HAIRLIKE PROJECTIONS ON THE OUTER SURFACE OF THE CELL CILIA
THE POWER PLANTS OF THE CELL; MOST OF THE ATP IS MADE HERE MITOCHONDRIA
THESE ORGANELLES ARE ATTACHED TO THE ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM AND ARE CONCERENED WITH PROTEIN SYNTHESIS RIBOSOME(S)
CONTAINS POTENT ENZYMES CAPABLE OF KILLING INGESTED BACTERIA LYSOSOMES
RER and SER ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
THE "GEL IN THE CELL" CYTOPLASM
THE TAIL THAT ALLOWS THE SPERM TO SWIM FLAGELLUM
A PRESSURE GRADIENT IS THE DRIVING FORCE FOR THIS TYPE OF TRANSPORT FILTRATION
A PROTEIN-CONTAININIG VISICLE WITHIN A CELL FUSES WITH THE CELL MEMBRANE AND EJECTS THE PROTEIN LYSOSOMES
CALLED "CELLULAR DRINKING" PINOCYTOSIS
AN EXAMPLE OF THIS TRANSPORT MECHANISM IS THE SWELLING OF A BLOOD CLOT AS WATER IS PULLED INTO THE CLOT OSMOSIS
DESCRIBES A SOLUTION THAT IS MORE CONCENTRATED THAN THE INSIDE OF A CELL HYPERTONIC
THIS SOLUTION WILL CAUSE A RED BLOOD CELL TO SWELL WITH WATER AND BURST HYPOTONIC
THIS SOLUTION HAS THE SAME CONCENTRATION AS THE INSIDE OF A RED BLOOD CELL ISOTONIC
A DROP OF RED DYE IS ADDED TO A BEAKER OF WATER; IN 2 HRS THE BEAKER OF WATER IS UNIFORMLY COLORED RED DIFFUSION
WHAT DOES A SELECTIVELY PERMEABLE MEMBRANE DO DETERMINES WHAT SUBSTANCES ENTER AND LEAVE THE CELL
THESE ORGANELLES MAKE MOST OF THE BODY'S ATP MITOCONDRIA
WHAT IS THE PRIMARY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DIFFUSION AND FACILITATED DIFFUSION? FACILITATED DIFFUSION USES A "HELPER" MOLECULE TO MOVE A SUBSTANCE PASSIVELY
WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF AN INTRAVENOUS INFUSION OF PURE WATER? HEMOLYSIS
DESCRIPTION OF THE RESPONSE OF A RED BLOOD CELL (RBC) TO IMMERSION IN AN ISOTONIC SOLUTION? THERE IS NO NET MOVEMENT OF WATER BETWEEN THE RBC AND SOLUTION
WHAT DO PLASMA PROTEINS DETERMINE? PLASMA ONCOTIC (OSMOTIC) PRESSURE
WHY DOES A HOT DOG BURST WHEN BOILED IN WATER? THE HYPOTONIC WATER ENTERS THE DOG IN RESPONSE TO OSMOSIS
WHAT HAPPENS IF PLASMA PROTEIN LEAKS INTO THE TISSUE SPACES? EDEMA DEVELOPS
PRODUCES TWO GENETICALLY IDENTICAL CELLS MITOSIS
DESCRIPTION OF A CELL THAT IS NECROTIC DEAD
A NITROGEN-CONTAINING WASTE PRODUCT THAT IS PRODUCED BY THE LIVER AND EXCRETED BY THE KIDNEYS UREA
WHAT ARE SUCROSE, LACTOSE, AND MALTOSE DISACCARIDES
CLASSIFICATION OF STEROIDS AND TRIGLYCERIDES LIPIDS
A PRODUCT OF GLYCOLYSIS LACTIC ACID
THE MONOSACCARIDE THAT IS THE CHIEF FUEL FOR THE BODY GLUCOSE
THESE BUILDING BLOCKS ARE HELD TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS AMINO ACID(S)
BUILDING BLOCKS OF LIPIDS FATTY ACIDS AND GLYCEROL
WHAT ARE GLUCOSE, FRUCTOSE, GALACTOSE MONOSACCHARIDES
WHAT IS ANIMAL STARCH THAT IS STORED IN THE LIVER AND SKELETAL MUSCLES CALLED? GYLCOGEN
WHAT IS A SERIES OF AEROBIC REACTIONS THAT OCCUR WITHIN THE MITOCHONDRIA CALLED? KREBS CYCLE
WHAT IS A SERIES OF ANAEROBIC REATIONS THAT OCCUR WITHIN THE CYTOPLASM CALLED? GLYCOLYSIS
WHAT IS THE MONOSACCHARIDE THAT IS THE CHIEF FUEL FOR THE BODY? GLUCOSE
BIOCHEMICAL PROCESS OF CONVERTING PROTEIN TO GLUCOSE GLUCONEOGENESIS
A CATALYST ENZYME
WHAT ARE PRODUCTS OF RAPID AND INCOMPLETE FAT CATABOLISM CALLED? KETONE BODIES
DOUBLE-STRANDED NUCLEOTIDE THAT STORES THE GENETIC CODE DNA
THE MANNER IN WHICH THE GENITIC CODE IS STORED BASE-SEQUENCING
THE MANNER BY WHICH ONE STRAND OF A NUCLEOTIDE INTERACTS WITH ANOTHER BASE-PAIRING
SINGLE-STRANDED NUCLEOTIDE THAT BRINGS THE CODE FROM THE NUCLEUS TO THE RIBOSOMES RNA
A SUGAR USED IN THE FORMATION OF A NUCLEOTIDE RIBOSE
ADENINE AND GUANINE ARE PURINE(S)
POLYSACCHARIDE THAT IS THE STORAGE FORM OF GLUCOSE GLYCOGEN
PROVIDES FIBER AND IMPROVES DIGESTIVE FUNCTION DIETARY CELLULOSE
DEVELOPS IN RESPONSE TO PROLONGED ANAEROBIC CATABOLISM LACTIC ACIDOSIS
CAN ELEVATE BLOOD GLUCOSE GLUCONEOGENESIS
OPERATES UNDER AEROBIC CONDITIONS KREBS CYCLE AND ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN ENZYMES
THREE LONG-CHAIN FATTY ACIDS ARE ATTACHED TO A GLYCEROL MOLECULE TRIGLYCERIDE
INCLUDE GLUCOSE, FRUCTOSE, AND GALACTOSE MONOSACCHARIDES
WHAT DOES TRANSLATION INVOLVE mRNA AND tRNA
Created by: aantonino