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Apologia Human Body

Module 2

A simple epithelial tissue sample has mucus cells within it. Which type of simple epithelial tissue is it? Simple columnar.
Order of the three simple epithelial tissue types in terms of increasing distance between the free surface and the basal surface. Simple squamous, simple cuboidal, simple columnar
Glands that secrete substances outward through a duct Exocrine glands
Ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands that secrete without losing cellular material Merocrine glands
Exocrine glands that have cytoplasm in their secretions Apocrine glands
Exocrine glands wose secretions are made up of disintegrated cells Holocrine glands
The chemical substances located between connective tissue cells Extracellular matrix
Spindle-shaped cells that form connective tissue proper Fibroblasts
Mature cartilage cells Chondrocytes
Cells that provide structure or support for parenchymal cells Stromal cells
Cells that provide the actual function of the tissue Parenchymal cells
Cells that undergo mitosis regularly and quickly Labile cells
Cells that do not regularly undergo mitosis but are able to if the need arises Stable cells
Cells that cannot undergo mitosis Permanent cells
If the surface cells of stratified squamous epithelial tissue are alive, the tissue is ______________. Moist
If the number of layers of cells in stratified epithelial tissue changes, which kind of epithelial tissue is it? Stratified transitional epithelium
The secretions of an exocrine gland are examined, and it is determined that there is cytoplasm in the secretions. This narrows the type down to these two: Apocrine or holocrine
Which connective tissue proper's function is similar to duct tape? Dense irregular connective tissue
Which connective tissue proper's function is similar to masking tape? Loose connective tissue
Which connective tissue proper's function is similar to a thick, warm blanket? Adipose tissue
Which connective tissue proper's function is similar to the string on a kite? Dense regular connective tissue
If you are looking under the microscope and are having a hard time distinguishing between cartilage and connective tissue proper, what one thing could you find to positively identify the tissue as cartilage? Look for cells residing in small pockets (lacuna).
What kind of membrane would you find lining the surface of the heart? Serous membrane
Which kind of membrane would you find lining the elbow joint Synovial membrane
Which kind of membrane would you find lining the colon, which leads to the anus Mucous membrane
Suppose a structure in the body is injured but, after a long time, it heals so that it is 100% functional again. What types of cells does it have? Stable
Four basic types of tissue Epithelial tissue, connective tissue, nervous tissue, and muscle tissue
These determine the distance from the free surface to the basal surface in epithelial tissue. The height of the cells and the number of layers of cells.
The glue that the epithelial cells secrete to attach the basal surface to the tissue below Basement membrane
Is the basement membrane ___________________, so the cells must get oxygen and nutrients through diffusion. Avascular
Simple cuboidal epithelium can be found in the _____________ Kidneys
Its function is to allow for diffusion as well as absorption and secretion Simple cuboidal epithelium
Simple columnar epithelium can be found here Stomach and intestines
Its function is complex asorption and secretion as well as protection Simple columnar epithelium
Stratified squamous epithelium can be found here Skin
Its function is to form a barrier Stratified squamous epithelium
Stratified transitional epithelium can be found here Urinary bladder
Its function is to provide protection and the ability to stretch Stratified transitional epithelium
Pseudostratified epithelium can be found here Airways of the lungs
Its function is to provide protection and the ability to stretch Pseudostratified epithelium
Four types of connective tissue Connective tissue proper, bone, cartilage, and blood
Which kind of exocrine gland has no cytoplasm in its secretion? Merocrine
What protein is found in all connective tissue proper? Collagen
Loose connective tissue provides for __________________________ Light-duty binding
Loose connective tissue can be found here Under the skin
Dense irregular connective tissue provides for ______________ Strength in all directions
Dense irregular tissue can be found here Lower layer of the skin
Dense regular connective tissue provides for ___________________ Tensile strength
Dense regular connective can be found here Ligaments and tendons
Adipose tissue provides for __________________ Insulation and bracing organs
Adipose tissue can be found here Mammary glands, under the skin, and around the kidneys
Hyaline cartilage can be found here Bridge of the nose, costal cartilage of the ribs, and caps on the bones of joints
Hyaline cartilage functions like hard plastic, and provides this Firmness with resilience
Elastic cartilage can be found here Outer ear
Elastic cartilage provides this Flexible support
Fibrocartilage can be found here Joints of the backbone
Fibrocartilage provides this Tough binding and resilient support
Serous membranes, in general, are found here Around the organs
Serous membranes have this function Lubricate organs so that they can move against one another
Mucous membranes are found here Tubes that open to the outside
Mucous membranes have this function Provide protection
Synovial membranes are found here Around the joints
Synovial membranes have this function Provide joint lubrication
In general, are connective tissue cells parenchymal or stromal? Stromal
Created by: q
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