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Intro to Med Term

Chapter 1 Primary Terms

TermDefinition
-algia pain and suffering
dys- bad, difficult, or painful
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out
hyper- excessive, increased
hypo= deficient, decreased
-itis inflammation
-osis abnormal condition, disease
-ostomy the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
-otomy cutting, surgical insicion
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
sclerosis abnormal hardening
Abdominocentesis The surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
Acronym A word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term.
Acute Rapid onset , a severe course, and a relatively short duration.
Angiography Process of producing a radiographic study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast meduim to make these blood vessels visible
Appendectomy The surgical removal of the appendix.
Arteriosclerosis The abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries.
Arthralgia Pain in a joint or joints
Colostomy The surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface.
Cyanosis Blue discoloration of the skin caused by lack of adequate oxygen in the blood.
Dermatologist A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin.
Diarrhea The frequent flow of loose or watery stools.
Edema Swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body.
Endarterial Pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery.
Eponym Disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first.
Erythrocyte A mature red blood cell.
Fissure A groove or crack like sore of the skin.
Fistula An abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.
Gastralgia Pain in the stomach.
Gastritis Inflammation of the stomach
Gastroenteritis An inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.
Gastrosis Any disease if the stomach
Hemorrhage The loss of a large amount of blood in a short time.
Hepatomegaly The abnormal enlargement of the liver.
Hypertention Higher than normal blood pressure.
Hypotension Lower than normal blood pressure.
Infection The invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism.
Inflammation A localized response to an injury or to the destruction of tissue,
Interstitial Between but not within, the parts of a tissue
Intramuscular Within the muscle.
Laceration A torn or jagged wound, or an accidental cut
Lesion A pathologic change of the tissue due to disease or injury.
Malaise The feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease.
Mycosis Any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus.
Myelopathy Any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord.
Myopathy Any pathologic change or disease of the muscle tissue.
Myorrhexis The rupture of a muscle.
Natal Pertaining to birth.
Neonatology The study of disorders of the newborn.
Neororrhaphy Suturing together the ends of a severed nerve.
Otorhinolaryngology The study of the ears, nose, and throat.
Palpation An examination technique in which the examiners hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts.
Palpatation A pounding or racing heat.
Pathology The study of all aspects of diseases.
Phalanges The bones of the fingers and toes.
Poliomyelitis A viral infection of the gray nerve tissue of the spinal cord.
Prognosis A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease.
Pyoderma Any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo.
Pyrosis Heartburn, a discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid up into the esophagus.
Remission The temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure.
Sign Objective evidence of disease, such as a fever.
Supination The act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward.
Suppuration The formation or discharge of pus.
Supracostal Above or outside the ribs.
Symptom Subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or headache.
Syndrome A set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process.
Tonsillitis An inflammation of the tonsils.
Trauma Wound or injury. Injuries that may occur in a an accident, shooting, natural disaster, or fire.
Triage The medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.
Viral Pertaining to a virus.