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Anat 1

Vocabulary - Intro to A&P

Anatomy The structure of body parts
Sagittal Plane Median plane
Coronal Plane Frontal plane
Transverse Plane Horizontal plane
Axial Parts Head, neck, and body
Appendicular Parts arms and legs
Superior/Cranial Towards the top
Inferior/caudial Towards the bottom
Proximal Towards the center (trunk)
Distal Farther away from the center (trunk)
Physiology How the parts function
Anterior front, ventral
Posterior back, dorsal
Medial towards mid line
Lateral away from mid line
Superficial towards body surface
Deep away from body surface
Frontal plane divides body into anterior and posterior; also called coronal
Thoracic cavity chest space
Pleural cavities 2 spaces for lungs
Pericardial cavity heart space; also inferior mediastinum
Superior mediastinum space for esophagus, trachea superior and posterior to heart
Abdominopelvic cavity – space for digestive and urogenital organs; superior = abdominal; inferior = pelvic space for digestive and urogenital organs; superior = abdominal; inferior = pelvic
Serosa double membranes covering lining body cavities and organs (parietal= layer along cavity wall; visceral =- layer over organs)
Serous fluid lubrication between visceral and parietal serosa
Chemical Bond attractions between atoms or molecules
Chemical reaction converts reactants to products by breaking and/or building bonds
Ion charged atom due to gaining or losing electrons
Ionic bong joined when electrons transferred from one atom to another to form ions
Covalent bond atoms joined by sharing pair of electrons
Hydrogen bonds attraction between a hydrogen and a polar atom
Polar compound compound with partial positive and negative sides
Synthesis reaction build new molecules; stores energy in chemical bonds
Decomposition reaction break down molecules, release energy
Organic compound compound with C-H bond
Acid releases H+ ions and lowers PH
Base Releases OH- ions and raises PH
pH measuses H+ in concentration
buffer resists pH changes
Created by: KateBAnat