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Anatomy Chapter 1

Anatomy Stack Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
Name the abdominal regions. Go from left to right Right hypochondriac region, epigastric region, left hypochondriac region, right lateral region, umbilical region, left lateral region, right inguinal region, public region, left inguinal region
Name the abdominal quadrants Right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant
Define anatomy Examines the structures, forms and organization of body parts
Define physiology Functions of body parts. What they do and how they do it
What are the levels Levels of organization of anatomy Atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
What do you need to maintain life? Water, food, oxygen, heat, pressure
Define homeostasis Keeping a stable internal environment
Define metabolism Collection of chemical reactions in cells that support life
List the 3 homeostatic mechanisms components 1. Receptors 2. Control center 3. Effectors
Examples of negative feedback Low blood pressure, elevated body temperature, elevated blood sugar
Two examples of positive feedback Birth and clotting
Name all 11 organ systems 1. Integumentary 2. Skeletal 3. Muscular 4. Nervous 5. Endocrine 6. Cardiovascular 7. Lymphatic 8. Digestive 9. Respiratory 10. Urinary 11. Reproductive
Main functions of the integumentary system Body covering. Protect underlining tissues, help regulate body temp, house sensory receptors, synthesize vitamin D
Main functions of the skeletal system Help support and move body parts. Also provides frame work, protection, and serves as attachments for muscles
Main functions for muscular system Support and move body parts. Provides force to move bones about their joints
Main functions of nervous system Integration and coordination responds to environmental changes by transmitting electrical impulses
Main functions of the endocrine system Integration and coordination. Controls the body with chemical molecules called hormones
Main functions of cardiovascular system Transport. Delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues.
Main functions of lymphatic system Transport. Removes and filters excess fluid from tissues
Main functions of digestive system Absorption and excretion Break down food molecules into simpler forms that can be absorbed into the internal environment
Main functions of the respiratory system Absorption and excretion Nice air in and out of body and exchange gases between blood and air
Main functions of the urinary system Absorption and excretion Removing waste form the body
Which cavity contains the bladders, some reproductive organs and rectum? Pelvic Cavity
Term that describes the neck region Cervical
Term that describes the front of the elbow Antecubital
Term that describes point of shoulder Acromial
Term that describes the forearm Antebrachial
Term that describes anterior surface of elbow Antecubital
term that describes the arm Brachial
Term that describes the cheek Buccal
Term that describes the wrist Carpal
Term that describes the abdomen Celiac
Term that describes the head Cephalic
Term that describes the ribs Costal
Term that describes the hip Coxal
Term that describes the leg Crural
Term that describes the elbow cubital
Term that describes the finger or toe digital
Term that describes the back dorsal
Term that describes the thigh Femoral
Term that describes the forehead Frontal
Term that describes the external reproductive organs genitals
Term that describes the buttocks gluteal
Term that describes the lower back between the ribs and pelvis lumbar
Term that describes the breast mammory
Term that describes the chin mental
Term that describes the nose nasal
Term that describes the inferior posterior region of the head occipital
Term that describes the mouth oral
Term that describes the eye cavity orbital
Term that describes the ear otic
Term that describes the palm of hand palmar
Term that describes the anterior part of the knee patellar
Term that describes the anterior chest pectoral
Term that describes the foot pedal
Term that describes the pelivs pelvic
Term that describes the groin area inguinal or groin
Term that describes the inferior most region of the trunk, between the thighs and buttocks perineal
Term that describes the sole of foot plantar
Term that describes the area posterior to the knee popliteal
Term that describes the posterior region between the hip bones sacral
Term that describes the middle of the thorax, anteriorly sternal
Term that describes the calf of the leg sural
Term that describes the ankle tarsal
Term that describes the navel umbilical
Term that describes the spinal colum vertebral
Created by: tabbpd