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HESI: ENDOCRINE

TermDefinition
chemical messengers produced in one region of the body to act on target cells in another part HORMONES
master endocrine gland Pituitary
causes Uterus to contract Oxytocin
causes kidneys to reabsorb water Vasopressin (Antidiuretic Hormone)
releases Oxytocin & Vasopressin Posterior Pituitary Gland
causes milk secretion Prolactin
stimulates the Thyroid to release Thyroxine TSH
stimulates bone & muscle growth Growth Hormone
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone) stimulates the adrenal cortex
LH (Luteinizing) INDUCES OVULATION; stimulates release of ovum & production of testosterone
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) follicle develop & estrogen prod
Anterior Pituitary Hormones 6 Hormones (FSH, LH, Prolactin, TSH, gROWTH, ACTH)
Thyroid Hormones Thyroid Hormones & Calcitonin
regulates metabolic rate Thyroid Hormone
Calcitonin lower blood calcium levels
Parathyroid Hormone increases blood calcium
increases sodium and water reabsorption in kidneys Aldosterone (prod by ADRENAL CORTEX)
hormones of Pancreas Insulin (B receptors); Glucagon (a - receptors)
Insulin decreases blood sugar conc
Glucagon increases blood sugar conc
hormones released by Ovaries Progesterone & Estrogen
promotes female secondary sex charac & thickens endometrial lining; oogenesis Estrogen
maintains endometrial lining Progesterone
promotes male sex charac; spermatogenesis Testerone
Created by: msxmas