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HESI: SKELETAL

QuestionAnswer
AXIAL SKELETON HRS2V; H=HYOID; R=RIBS; S=SKULL, STERNUM; V=VERTEBRAL
APPENDICULAR SKELETON PUPL; P - PECTORAL GIRDLE; U=Upper Limbs; P=Pelvic Girdle; L=Lower Limb
LONG BONES LAF2T; L=LEG; A=Arm; F=Finger, Forearm; T=Thigh
SHORT BONES SAW; A=Ankle; W=Wrist
FLAT BONES SCRS; S=STERNUM; C=CRANIUM; R=Ribs; S=SCAPULAE
IRREGULAR BONES PSF; P=Pelvic Girdle; S=Skull(floor); F=Face
complex salt of Ca(PO4)3 & CaCO3 HYDROXYAPATITE
Proximal & Distal Ends of Bones Epiphyses
Bone Shaft Diaphysis
most common bone LONG BONES
Medullary Cavity where Red & Yellow Bone Marrow are located
Red Marrow Hematopoietic (RBC forming)
Yellow Marrow Adipose containing
PERIOSTEUM anchor pt for Tendons & Ligaments
Connect Muscle to Bone Tendons
Connect Bone to Bone Ligaments
Mature Bones Cells Osteocytes
site where Osteocytes are housed LACUNAE
site where blood vessels & nerves are housed in bone tissue Haversian Canal
hard, outside of bone Compact Bone
inner, cancellous bone Spongy Bone
make up Spongy Bone Trabecullae
where are osteocytes most comon Compact Bone
produce new bone Osteoblasts
involved in bone reabsorption Osteoclasts
joints allows movement btw 2 flat surfaces Plane or Gliding Joints
joints allow for angular movement Hinge Joints
example of Hinge Joints Elbow & Knee
joints allow for rotational movement btw 2 bones Pivot Joints
example of Pivot Joints Atlas/Axis - shaking head to say "NO"
joints that consist of spherical head in a round concavity Ball & Socket Joints
exp of Ball & Socket Joints Shoulder & Hip
decrease in joint angle from anatomical position Flexion
e.g. of Flexion bend your elbow up, means you're flexing A FOREARM
return to anatomical position Extension
looking @ your toes Flexing your head
returning head back to anatomical position Extending your head
HYPEREXTENSION rolling a bowling ball & arm reaches very back of arc
movement of limbs AWAY from body in coronal plane ABDUCTION
movement of limbs back to anatomical position ADDUCTION
circular movement of body part ROTATION
Lateral Rotation move (anterior surface) limbs to side (away from body)
Medial Rotation move (anterior surface) limbs toward body
lateral rotation of hand = anatomical position Supination
medial rotation of hand Pronation
Created by: msxmas
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