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Body Organization

Organization of the body

TermDefinition
abdomin/o abdomen
anter/o front
brachi/o arm
cardi/o heart
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
chondr/i cartilage, gristle
cran/o, crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o distant
dors/o back
femor/o thigh, femur
gastr/o stomach
glute/o buttock
hom/o, home/o same
ili/o flank, hip, groin
infer/o below
inguin/o groin
later/o side
lumb/o loin, lower back
medi/o middle
organ/o tool
pelv/o bowl, basin
physi/o nature
pleur/o pleura, rib
poster/o back
proxim/o near
super/o above
thorac/o chest, thorax
tom/o to cut
umbilic/o navel, umbilicus
ventr/o belly
cellulite a local uneven surface of the skin caused by fat deposition
abscess localized skin swelling that is a sign of inflammation
cicatrix clinical term for scar
abrasion scraping injury to the skin
jaundice abnormal yellow coloration of the skin
nevus a pigmented spot on the skin; a mole
pruritus itchy skin
ulcer an erosion through the skin or mucous membrane
cyst a closed sac or pouch filled with liquid or semisolid material
erythema redness of the skin
furuncle abscess associated with a hair follicle
pustule elevated area of the skin filled with pus
verruca a wart
wheal temporary, itchy elevation of the skin
comedo pimple
vesicle a small elevation of the epidermis that is filled with fluid; a blister
urticaria small fluid-filled skin elevations caused by an allergic reaction
pallor abnormally pale skin color
papule any small, solid elevation on the skin
keloid an overgrowth of scar tissue
macule a discolored flat spot on the skin, such as a freckle
tinea fungal infection of the skin
acne results from bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts
burn caused by excessive exposure to fire, electricity, chemicals, or sunlight
herpes viral skin eruption that produces clusters of deep blisters
alopecia baldness
impetigo contagious bacterial skin infection with a yellowish crust
scabies skin eruption caused by the female itch mite
psoriasis characterized by red lesions covered with silvery epidermal scales
biopsy the removal of tissue for evaluation
emollient chemical agent that softens or smooths the skin
debridement wound-cleaning procedure
cosmetic surgery surgically changing the skin to improve appearance
autograft surgery that uses a patient's own skin as a graft
Pott's a type of fracture that involves a break at the ankle that affects both bones of the leg
gout caused by an abnormal accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints; usually affects the big toe joints
bunion an abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe
Duchenne muscular dystrophy a condition that causes skeletal muscle degeneration, which results in progressive muscle weakness and deterioration; DMD
cramps prolonged, involuntary muscular contractions
sprain a tear of collagen fibers within a ligament
fracture clinical term for a break in the bone
strain an injury that results from stretching a muscle beyond its normal range
comminuted a type of fracture that involves a break resulting in fragmentation of the bone
rotator cuff injury a trauma that causes tearing of tendons and/or muscles of the shoulder
reduction a procedure that aligns broken bones to their normal positions
aspiration withdrawing by suction
arthrocentesis a procedure in which excess fluids are aspirated through a surgical puncture in the joint
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs the most common pharmacological treatment for inflammation pain of muscle or bone tissue
spinal fusion a procedure in which adjacent vertebrae are fused together following a diskectomy
arthroscopy an endoscopic visual examination of a joint cavity
chondroplasty surgical repair of cartilage
tennorrhaphy a surgery that sutures a tear in a tendon
podiatry healthcare specialty that focuses on foot health
arthrogram an x-ray image of a joint that is printed on a film
-tome instrument used to cut
rhytid/o wrinkles
lord/o anterior curve of spine
menisc/o meniscus
Created by: miranda959