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Muscles

Muscle Descriptions Using Medical Word Elements

TermDefinition
Abductor digiti minimi pedis Little (minimi) muscle that moves the little toe (digit) away from (abductor) the midline of the foot (pedis)
Adductor longus Long (longus) muscle that moves the leg toward (adductor) the midline
Adductor magnus Large (magnus) muscle that moves the leg toward (adductor) the midline
Biceps brachii Muscle with two (bi-) heads (ceps) in the arm (brachii)
Deltoid Triangular (deltoid) muscle of the shoulder
Dilator naris posterior Muscle of the nose (naris) that opens (dilator) the back (posterior) portion of the nostril
Extensor hallucis longus Long (longus) muscle that extends (extensor) the great toe (hallicus)
Extensor pollicis brevis Short (brevis) muscle that extends (exensor) the thumb (pollicus)
External oblique Outermost (external) muscle that extends at an angle (oblique) from the ribs to the pelvis at the iliac crest
Flexor carpi radialis Muscle that flexes (flexor) the wrist (carpi) toward the radius (radialis)
Flexor carpi ulnaris Muscle attached to the ulna (ulnaris) that flexes (flexor) the wrist (carpi) and the hand
Frontalis Muscle over the frontal bone
Gastrocnemius Muscle that makes up the belly (gastroc) of the lower leg (nemius)
Gluteus maximus Largest (maximus) muscle of the buttocks (gluteus)
Gluteus medius Muscle of the buttocks (glueteus) that lies in the middle (medius) between the other gluteal muscles
Gracilis Slender (gracilis) muscle of the thigh
Iliopsoas Muscle that is formed from the iliacus and psoas major muscles; the iliacus extends from the iliac bone (iliacus), and the psoas major is the large (major) muscle of the loin (psoas)
Latissimus dorsi Broadest (latissimus) muscle of the back (dorsi)
Masseter Muscle of chewing (masseter) or mastication
Orbicularis oculi and oris Muscles circling (orbicularis) the eye (oculi) or mouth (orus)
Palmaris longus Long (longus) muscle of the palm (palmaris)
Pectineus Muscle of the pubic (pectineus) bone)
Pectoralis major Large (major) muscle of the chest (pectoralis)
Peroneus longus Long (longus) muscle attached to the fibula (peroneus)
Plantaris Muscle that flexes the foot (plantaris) and the leg)
Pronator teres Long round (teres) muscle that turns the palm downward into a prone (pronator) position
Rectus abdominis Muscle that extends in a straight (rectus) line upward across the abdomen (abdominis); the center border of the left and right rectus abdominis muscles in the linea alba, or the white (alba) line (linea) at the midline of the abdomen
Rectus femoris Part of the quadriceps muscle that is straight (rectus) and lies near the femur (femoris)
Sartorius Muscle of the leg that enables a person to sit in a cross-legged tailor's (sartorial) position
Semimembranosus Muscle made up partly (semi-) of membranous tissue; part of the hamstring group
Semitendanosus Muscle made up partly (semi-) of tendinous tissue; part of the hamstring group
Serratus anterior Sawtooth-shaped (serratus) muscle in front of (anterior) the shoulder and rig cage
Soleus Muscle that resembles a flat fish (sole) located in the calf of the leg
Sternocleidomastoid Muscle attached to the breastbone (sterno), the collarbone (cleido), and the mastoid (mastoid) process of the temporal bone
Temporalis Muscle over the temporal (temporalis) bone
Tensor fasciae latae Muscle that tenses (tensor) the fascia (fasciae) of the thigh (latae)
Teres minor Small (minor) round (teres) muscle that moves the arm
Tibialis anterior Muscle in front (anterior) of the tibia (tibialis)
Trapezius Four-sided, trapezoid-shaped (trapezuis) muscle of the shouler
Triceps brachii Three (tri-) headed (ceps) muscle of the arm (brachii)
Vastus lateralis, medialis, intermedialis Large (vastus) lateral (lateralis), toward the midline (medialis), and the middle (intermedialis) muscles of the quadriceps muscle group; the quadriceps has four (quadri-) heads (ceps)
Created by: kasezula