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Med Term 6

Digestive System

What are the primary functions of the GI tract & accessory organs? Break down food, absorption, eliminate waste
Organ in which no digestion takes place. Large Intestine
What are the three components of the large intestine? Cecum, Colon, Rectum
What are the divisions of the colon? Ascending, transverse, and descending
Largest glandular organ in the body (3-4 lbs). Located beneath the diaphragm in the RUQ and LUQ of the abdominal cavity. Bile > digestion of fat. Maintains normal glucose levels. Destroys old erythrocytes. Liver
Inferior to the liver. Storage of bile which releases into duodenum. Gallbladder
Lies posterior and slightly inferior to the stomach. Endocrine gland: secretes insulin into blood stream. Exocrine gland: produces digestive enzymes. Pancreas
Esophag- Esophagus
Sial- Salivary glands
Pharyng- Pharynx
Gastr- Stomach
Pancreat- Pancreas
Splen- Spleen
Gloss-, Lingu- Tongue
Hepat- Liver
Ile- Ileum
Cholecyst- Gallbladder
Rect- Rectum
An- Anus
Proct- Anus, rectum
Duoden- Duodenum
Col-. colon- Colon
Sigmoid- Sigmoid colon
Or-, Stomato- Mouth
Gingiv- Gums
Chol- Blie, gall
Choledoch- Bile duct
Define: Diarrhea Discharge or flow through
Define: Anorexia Without an appetite
Define: Dysphagia Swallowing, eating that is painful or difficult
Define: Sublingual Pertaining to under or below the tongue
Define: Endoscopy Visual examination within or in an organ
Define: Hematemesis Vomiting blood
Define: Pancreatoma Tumor of the pancreas
Define: Gastroscope Instrument for examining the stomach
Define: Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver
Define: Enteropathy Disease of the intestine (usually small intestine)
Define: Gingivitis Inflammation of the gums
Inflammation of t he appendix caused by obstruction or infection. RLQ Appendicitis
Acute inflammation of diverticulae inflammation. tenderness in LLQ. Bleeding possible. Diverticulitis
Formation or presence of gallstones within the gallbladder or bile ducts. Acute onset URQ abdominal pain that radiates to the shoulder and back. Tx: wave lithotripsy Cholelithiasis
Define: Anastomosis connection between 2 vessels; surgical joining of 2 ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to the other.
Define: Borborygmus Audible abdominal south caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
Define: Cachexia State of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting
Define: Dysentery Diarrhea containing blood and mucus
Define: Cholecystography Process of recording the gallbladder
Define: Cholangiography Process of recording a bile vessel
Created by: irsangal