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Chapter 5

Integumentary System Skin Disorders and Cancers

Functions of the skin Protection from the environment, regulate water loss, eliminate excess water and waste, produce vitamin D, and gather sensory information.
Rickets A disease that causes weak bones that may even bow. Rickets is caused by a lack of vitamin D which leads to a reduction in calcium absorption.
Hyperthermia A body temperature that is above normal.
Hypothermia A body temperature below normal.
Athletes foot A fungal infection
Eczema Inflammation of the skin caused by various environmental stimuli.
Dandruff Accelerated keratinization of the scalp that causes itching and flaking of skin.
Urticaria (Hives) An allergic reaction that is typically characterized by red elevated patches of skin that often itch.
Basal Cell Carcinoma The most common type of skin cancer caused by ultraviolet radiation, like those found in tanning beds or from the sun. A small tumor develops, fortunately this is easy to identify and 95% of patients are cured.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma A type of cancer found in the epidermis caused by excessive UV radiation. Tumors may appear warty, bleed frequently, and do not heal.
Melanoma A type of cancer that is likely malignant. Results from excessive UV radiation and is characterized by unusual looking moles. This is the most dangerous skin cancer.
Created by: Mr.Klein