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Med. Term 4

Body Structures

What are the levels of organization of the body? Organism, System, Organ, Tissue, and Cells
What are the 4 major tissues in the body? Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous
Study of the body at the cellular level Cytology
Define: Histology Study of tissue
Structures that perform specialized functions; composed of 2 or more tissue types Organs
Composed of varying numbers of organs and accessory structures that have similar or related functions. Body System
Complete living entity capable of independent existence Organism
Dorsal Posterior
Ventral Anterior
What are 2 dorsal cavities? Spinal and Cranial
What are the ventral cavities? Thoracic, abdominal and pelvic
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant
Umbilic/al Surrounding the umbilicus
Epigastric Above the stomach
Hypogastric Beneath the umbilicus
Left iliacinguinal on the left lower side near the groin
right lumbar on the right middle side near the waist
Cyt- Cell
Kary-, Nucle- Nucleus
Hist- Tissue
Anter- Anterior, front
Medi- Middle
Later- Side, to one side
Dors-, Poster- Back, behind, posterior
Gastr- Stomach
Throac- Chest
Crani- Cranium
Pelv- Pelvis
Abdomin- Abdomen
Lumbo- Lower back
Erythr- Red
Albin-, Leuk- White
Melan- Black
Cyan- Blue
Cirr-, Jaund-, Xanth- Yellow
Xer- Dry
Acr- Extremity
Viscer- Internal Organs
Path- Disease
Idi- Unknown, peculiar
Define: Leukocytolysis Destruction of white cells
Define: Coccygeal Pertaining to the coccyx
Define: Erythoid Resembling red
Define: Melanoma Tumor of black (cells)
Define: Cervical Pertaining to the neck
Define: Cirrhosis Abnormal condition of yellow(ness)
Define: Cyanosis Abnormal condition of blue(ness)
Define: Lumbar Pertaining to the (vertebrae of the) lower back
Define: Idiopathic Pertaining to a disease of unknown
Define: Somatic Pertaining to the body
Define: Pathologist Specialist in the study of disease
Define: Visceral Pertaining to the internal organs
Define: Leukocyte White cell
Define: Gastralgia, gastrodynia Pain in the stomach
Define: Craniometer Instrument to measure the cranium
Define: Visceromegaly Enlargement of internal organs
Define: Thoracotomy Incision of the chest
Define: Histology Study of tissues
Define: Radiograph Record of an x-ray
Define: Hypochromia Pertaining to a deficient color
Abnormal fibrous band binding tissues that are normally separated Adhesion
Body defense against injury and disease that limits the spread of injury and aids in healing; characterized by redness, heat, swelling, and pain Inflammation
Feverish, pertaining to a fever Febrile
Diseased; unhealthy Morbid
Presence of pathogens in blood or other tissues Sepsis
Producing or pertaining to the generation of pus Suppurative
Spiro- Breathe
Bio- Life
-psy View of
Define: Sonogram Record of sound
Define: Ultrasonography Process of recording (images using frequencies) beyond sound
Define: Dermatome Instrument to cut skin
Define: Bronchioscope Instrument for examining the bronchi
Define: Caniometer Instrument to measure the cranium
Define: Endoscopy Visual examination within (the body)
Define: Transabdominal Pertaining to through the abdomen
Define: Hematology Study of blood
Define: Thermometer Instrument for measuring heat
Define: Radiologist Specialist in the study of x-rays
Created by: irsangal
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