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Basic Word Structure

MBC 100 The Language of Medicine, Ch. 1

TermDefinition
erythrocyte RBC or red blood cell
excision process of cutting out; removal; resection
exocrine glands glands that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body. glands that "secrete out"
gastrectomy procedure for removal or excision of the stomach
gastric pertaining to the stomach
gastroenterology process of studying the stomach and intestines, usually small.
gastrotomy incision of the stomach
gynecologist specialist int the study of disorders of the female reproductive system
gynecology study of the diseases of women, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system
hematology study of blood and blood disorders.
hematoma collection or mass of blood, bruise
hemoglobin blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells.
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
hepatoma tumor of the liver
hyperglycemia high levels of sugar in the bloodstream; often associated with diabetes mellitus
hyperthyroidism secretion by thyroid gland of a greater than normal amount of thyroxine (thyroid hormone)
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
hypogastric pertaining to below the stomach
hypoglycemia low/deficient levels of sugar in the bloodstream.
iatrogenic pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure
incision process of cutting into or making an incision
leukemia disease of high numbers of malignant white blood cells
leukocyte WBC or white blood cell
leukocytosis slight increase in white blood cells
nephrectomy procedure for surgical removal of a kidney
nephritis inflammation of a kidney
nephrosis abnormal condition of the kidney
neural pertaining to the nerves
neuralgia condition of pain of the nerves
neurologic pertaining to the study of the nerves
neurology study of nerves and nerve disorders
oncologist specialist in the study of tumors, particularly malignant growths
oncology study of tumors
opthalmologist medical doctor specializing in the diseases of the eye.
opthalmoscope instrument used by an opthalmologist to visually examine the eyes.
osteitis inflammation of the bone
osteoarthritis inflammation of bones and joints
osteotomy incision of a bone
pathogenic pertaining to producing disease
pathologist a specialist in the study of disease
pathology study of disease
pediatric pertaining to the treatment of children
pericardium double layered membrane surrounding the heart
prognosis state of knowledge before the fact; prediction about the outcome of an illness
prostate gland "stands before" A gland in men that surrounds the neck of the urinary bladder and urethra. It produces a fluid which, after combining with sperm cells, leaves the body as semen.
psychiatrist physician who treats the mind an mental disorders.
psychology study of the mind
radiology study of x-ray and other energy sources in the diagnosis of disease
renal pertaining to the kidney
resection removal or excision of an organ or part of the body.
retrocardiac pertaining to behind the heart.
rhinitis inflammation of the nose.
sarcoma Tumor (malignant) of fleshy tissue such as bone, muscle, fat, and cartilage.
subhepatic pertaining to below the liver.
thrombocyte platelet; clotting cell
transhepatic pertaining to across the liver.
urologist Specialist in the study of the urinary tract. (Physician specializing in operating on the urinary tract in males and females and on the reproductive tract in males.)
adenitis inflammation of a gland
adenoma tumor of a gland
adenopathy a disease condition of a gland
anemia condition marked by reduction in the number of erythrocytes or in the amount of hemoglobin in blood
arthralgia joint pain
arthritis inflammation of a joint
autopsy examination of a body after death (postmortem) to determine the cause of death.
biology study of life (living organisms)
biopsy process of removing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination.
carcinogenic pertaining to producing cancer.
carcinoma cancerous tumor.
cardiac pertaining to the heart
cardiology study of the heart
cephalic pertaining to the head.
cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder.
cystoscopy visual examination of the urinary bladder.
cytology study of cells.
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatology study of the skin
diagnosis complete knowledge of a patient's condition
electrocardiogram record of the electricity within the heart
electroencephalogram record of the electricity in the brain
endocrine glands glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly into the bloodstream
endocrinologist medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine gland disorders.
endocrinology study of the endocrine glands.
endoscope Instrument to visually examine the interior of the body.
endoscopy process of visual examination within the body
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
enteropathy disease condition of the intestines, often the small intestine.
epidermis outer layer of the skin; pertaining to above the skin
epigastric pertaining to above the stomach.
Created by: Momster