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Muscular System

TermDefinition
Spasm Sudden, involuntary, painful muscle contraction
Myalgia Muscle pain or tenderness
Myolysis Destruction of muscle tissue
Myonecrosis Death of a muscle tissue
Myomalacia Abnormal softening of a muscle tissue
Myorrhexis Rupture of a muscle
Myositis Inflammation of a muscle
Polymyositis Inflammation of more than one muscles
Myoclonus Spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles
Singultus Hiccups, contraction of the diaphragm, myoclonus of diaphragm
Myasthenia Muscle weakness
Myosclerosis Abnormal hardening of a muscle
Myopathy Any degenerative disease of a muscle
Myoplasty Surgical repair of a muscle
Electromyography Recording of electrical activities of the muscle: EMG
ROM Range of motion
Abduction Movement away from the mid-line
Adduction Movement toward the mid-line
Flexion Bending, decreases the angle between participating bones
Extension Straightening
Tenodynia Pain in the tendon
Tenoplasty Surgical repair of a tendon
Tendonitis Inflammation of a tendon
Tenorrhaphy Surgical suturing of a tendon
Kinesiology The study of movement
Hypokinesia Insufficient movement
Hyperkinesia Excessive movement
Dyskineisa Painful movement
Bradykinesia Slow movement
Fascioplasty Surgical repair of a fascia
Fasciotomy Surgical incision onto the fascia
Fasciitis Inflammation of the fascia
Atonia Lacking normal muscle tone of strength
Hypertonia A condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles
Hypotonia A condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
Created by: zainabgelle