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Chapter 4

Body Tissues 4.1-4.5

TermDefinition
Tissues A group of specialized cells that perform a common function in the body.
Epithelial Tissue Tightly packed cells that form the surface of the body as well as body organs. Such as the skin.
Connective Tissues Binds body parts together to provide support, protection, produce blood cells, and store fats. Cartilage and bone are examples.
Muscular Tissues Allow to body to move.
Nervous Tissues Responds to stimuli and transmits signals throughout the body.
Simple Epithelium One single layer of cells.
Stratified Epithelium Composed of two or more layers of cells.
Squamous Flattened cells.
Cuboidal A cube shaped cell.
Columnar An elongated cell that is rectangular in shape.
Pseudostratified Columnar "Falsely layered" cells, these cells appear to be composed of multiple layers but are not.
Transitional Epithelial Cells Cell tissue that have the ability to change shape.
Collagen A type of connective tissue matrix that give flexibility and strength.
Elastic Fibers A matrix substance that give connective tissues the ability to stretch.
Reticular Fibers A connective tissue matrix substance that creates supportive networks (Adds strength)
Skeletal Muscle An voluntary muscle fiber that is striated and cylindrical in shape. These muscle attach to the skin and bones.
Smooth Muscle An involuntary muscle fiber found in hollow organs such as the stomach. These muscle are non-striated and have a spindle shape.
Cardiac Muscle An involuntary muscle fiber only found in the heart. These fibers are striated, have a cylindrical shape, and have unique branches.
Neuron The cells that conduct nerve signals throughout the body.
Neuroglia Cells that support and nourish neurons.
Myelin A fatty covering that speeds up how fast a nerve can transmit a signal.
Created by: Mr.Klein
 

 



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