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Chapter 9

Medical Words Elements

ElementMeaningWord Analysis
agglutin/o clumping, gluing agglutin/ation: process of clumping -ation: process (of )
bas/o base (alkaline, opposite of acid) bas/o/phil: attraction to base (alkaline dyes)
blast/o embryonic cell erythr/o/blast/osis:abnormal increase of embryonic red (cells) erythr/o: red -osis: abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
chrom/o color hypo/chrom/ic: under coloration hypo-: under, below -ic: pertaining to
eosin/o dawn (rose-colored) eosin/o/phil : attraction for rose colored (dye) -phil: attraction for
erythr/o red erythr/o/cyte: red cell -cyte: cell
granul/o granule granul/o/cyte (GRA˘ N-u¯ -lo¯-s¯ıt): cell (containing) granulocytes (in the cytoplasm) -cyte: cell
hem/o blood hem/o/phobia: fear of blood -phobia: fear
hemat/o blood hemat/oma: blood tumor -oma: tumor
immun/o immune, immunity, safe immun/o/logy: study of immunity -logy: study of
kary/o nucleus kary/o/lysis: destruction of the nucleus -lysis: separation; destruction; loosening
nucle/o nucleus mono/nucle/ar: pertaining to a single nucleus mono-: one -ar: pertaining to
leuk/o white leuk/emia: white blood condition -emia: blood condition
lymphaden/o lymph gland (Node) lymphaden/o/pathy : disease of lymph nodes -pathy: disease
lymph/o lymph lymph/oid: resembling lymph -oid: resembling
lymphangi/o lymph vessel lymphangi/oma: tumor (composed of ) lymph vessels -oma: tumor
morph/o form, shape, structure morph/o/logy: study of form, shape, and structure structure -logy: study of
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord myel/o/gen/ic: relating to the origin in bone marrow spinal cord gen: forming, producing, origin -ic: pertaining to
neutr/o neutral, neither neutr/o/phil/ic: pertaining to an attraction for neutral dyes -phil: attraction for -ic: pertaining to, relating to
phag/o swallowing, eating phag/o/cyte : cell that eats (foreign material)
plas/o formation,growth a/plas/tic: pertaining to a failure to form a-: without, not -tic: pertaining to
poikil/o varied, irregular poikil/o/cyte : cell that is irregular or varied (in shape)
reticul/o net, mesh reticul/o/cyte : cell (that contains a) net or meshwork
ser/o serum ser/o/logy: study of serum
sider/o iron sider/o/penia: deficiency of iron -penia: decrease, deficiency
splen/o spleen splen/o/rrhagia: bursting forth of the spleen -rrhagia: bursting forth
thromb/o blood clot thromb/osis: abnormal condition of a blood clot
thym/o thymus gland thym/o/pathy: disease of the thymus gland -pathy: disease
xen/o foreign, strange xen/o/graft: foreign transplantation, also called heterograft
-blast embryonic cell erythr/o/blast: embryonic red cell
-emia blood condition an/emia: without blood
-globin protein hem/o/globin: blood protein
-graft transplantation auto/graft: self transplantation
-osis abnormal condition increase (used primarily with blood cells) leuk/o/cyt/osis: abnormal increase in white (blood) cells
-penia decrease, deficiency erythr/o/penia: abnormal decrease in red (blood cells)
-phil attraction for neutr/o/phil : attraction for a neutral (dye) neutr/o: neutral, neither
-phoresis carrying, transmission electr/o/phoresis: carrying an electric (charge)
-phylaxis protection ana/phylaxis: against protection ana-: against, up, back
-poiesis formation, production hem/o/poiesis: formation of blood
-stasis standing still hem/o/stasis: standing still of blood
a- without, not a/morph/ic: without a (definite) form
allo- other, differing from the normal allo/graft: transplantation differing from the normal; also called homograft
aniso- unequal, dissimilar aniso/cyt/osis: abnormal increase in cells that are unequal
iso- same, equal iso/chrom/ic: pertaining to the same color
macro- large macro/cyte: large (red) cell
micro- small micro/cyte: small (red) cell
mono- one mono/nucle/osis: abnormal increase of mononuclear (cells)
poly- many, much poly/morph/ic: pertaining to many forms or shapes
aden/o gland aden/oid: resembling a gland -oid: resembling
Created by: Esuvill0