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Unit 3

Course 5011

TermDefinition
Reflex A simple relation between an antecedent stimulus and a reflex response.
Elicit To strongly, consistently, and reliably evoke.
Unconditioned Reflex A simple relation between a specific stimulus and a specific innate, involuntary response.
Examples of Human Reflexes Eye blink reflex, pupillary reflex, respiratory reflex, sneeze reflex, cough reflex, rooting reflex, sucking reflex, salivation reflex, swallowing reflex, reflex related to low/high temperature, reflex to loud sound, withdrawal reflex, activation reflex
Unconditioned Stimulus A stimulus which elicits an unconditioned response without prior learning
Unconditioned Response A response which is elicited by an unconditioned stimulus without prior learning.
Habituation A temporary reduction in a reflex response due to repeated presentations of the eliciting stimulus.
Adaptation A reduction in the frequency or magnitude of a response or a set of responses as a result of prolonged exposure to a stimulus or an environmental context.
Potentiation A temporary increase in some dimension or intensity of a reflex response due to repeated presentations of an eliciting stimulus.
Sensitization The tendency of a stimulus to elicit a reflex response following the elicitation of that response by a different stimulus.
Respondent Conditioning A stimulus-stimulus pairing procedures in which a neutral stimulus is presented with an unconditioned stimulus until the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus that elicits the conditioned response.
Conditioned Reflex A simple relation between a specific conditioned stimulus and a conditioned involuntary response.
Neutral Stimulus A stimulus which has no eliciting effect on behavior prior to being paired contingently with an unconditioned stimulus or another conditioned stimulus.
Conditioned Stimulus A stimulus which elicits a conditioned response due to prior learning; that is, due to ontogenic provenance.
Conditioned Response A response which is elicited by a conditioned stimulus due to prior learning
Short Delay Conditioning The ONSET of the CS must come first, before the ONSET of the US; very effective
Long Delay Conditioning The ONSET of the CS must come first, before the ONSET of the US; usually effective
Trace Conditioning Procedure The OFFSET of the CS must come before the ONSET of the US; sometimes effective.
Simultaneous Conditioning Procedure CS and US occur at the same time; usually not effective.
Backward Conditioning Procedure The ONSET of the US must come before the ONSET of the CS; almost always ineffective.
Higher-Order Conditioning A neutral stimulus is paired with a previously conditioned stimulus (CS) rather than with a US.
Respondent Extinction The process through which a conditioned reflex is weakened by discontinuing to pair the CS with the US.
Respondent Spontaneous Recovery The sudden reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned reflex.
Respondent Stimulus Generalization The spread of the effects of respondent conditioning to stimuli other than the conditioned stimulus.
Phylogenic provenance The effect of a stimulus on a specific response may be innate, due to the evolutionary history of that species.
Ontogenic provenance The effect of the stimulus on a specific response may be learned, due to the experiential history of the individual organism in the environment.
Created by: LadyTEACH86
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