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Review of biochem terms

molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen organic compound
molecules that do not contain both carbon and hydrogen inorganic compound
ion in solution electrolyte
substance that is a proton donor, has a pH of <7 acid
substance that is a proton acceptor, has a pH of >7 base
0-14 range that is based on the amount of hydrogen ion present pH scale
chemical that resists changes in pH buffer
macromolecule made of C, H, and O, made of subunits are called monosaccharides and is used for quick energy by the body carbohydrate
single sugar monosaccharide
2 monosaccharides attached together dissacharide
long chains of monosaccharides polysaccharide
macromolecule used for long term energy storage, made of C, H, and O. all are hydrophobic lipid
subunit of triglyceride, long chains of carbon that can be saturated or unsaturated fatty acid
three carbon alcohol that has three spots for fatty acids to bond to make a triglyceride glycerol
weird hybrid lipid molecule that has a phosphate group instead of one fatty acid, makes up plasma membranes of a cell phospholipid
group of lipids that all have cholesterol as a base on which hormones are build steroid
macromolecule that is made of C, H, O, N, and S and is used as structural materials as well as enzymes and some hormones. Its subunits are amino acids Protein
class of protein that makes up hair, skin, nails, and connective tissue structural
class of protein that works as enzymes and hormones functional
location on an enzyme where the substrates bond active site
subunit of proteins amino acids
group of protein molecules that catalyze reactions in the body, allowing them to take place at body temp. by lowering activation energy enzyme
macromolecule that is made up of C, H, N, O, and P, it store cellular information and nucleotides are its subunits nucleic acid
subunit of nucleic acid nucleotide
nitrogen base in DNA and RNA that always binds to thymine adenine
nitrogen base in DNA and RNA that always binds to cytosine guanine
nitrogen base in DNA and RNA that always binds to guanine cytosine
nitrogen base in DNA that always binds to adenine thymine
nitrogen base in RNA that always binds to adenine uracil
common energy currency for the cell ATP
Created by: abolvin