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Chap 13 Terms

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures

TermDefinition
exophthalmometry Test that measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball (exophthalmos) as seen in Graves disease
fasting blood glucose Test that measures blood glucose levels after a 12-hour fast
glucose tolerance test (GTT) Test that measures the body’s ability to metabolize carbohydrates by administering a standard dose of glucose and measuring glucose levels in the blood and urine at regular intervals
insulin tolerance test Test that determines insulin levels in serum (blood) by administering insulin and measuring blood glucose levels in blood at regular intervals
protein-bound iodine (PBI) Test that measures the concentration of thyroxine in a blood sample
thyroid function test (TFT) Test that detects an increase or decrease in thyroid function
total calcium Test that measures calcium to detect bone and parathyroid disorders
computed tomography (CT) Imaging technique that rotates an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measures the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce multiplanar crosssectional images
radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) Administration of radioactive iodine (RAI) orally or intravenously (IV) as a tracer to test how quickly the thyroid gland takes up (uptake) iodine from the blood
thyroid scan After injection of a radioactive substance, a scanner detects radioactivity and visualizes the thyroid gland
microneurosurgery of the pituitary gland Microdissection of a tumor using a binocular surgical microscope for magnification
parathyroidectomy Excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually to control hyperparathyroidism
pinealectomy Removal of the pineal body
thymectomy Excision of the thymus gland
thyroidectomy Excision of the thyroid gland
partial Method of choice for removing a fibrous, nodular thyroid
subtotal Removal of most of the thyroid to relieve hyperthyroidism
Created by: Esuvill0