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Chap 13 Terms

Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms

TermDefinition
acromegaly Chronic metabolic disorder characterized by a gradual, marked enlargement and thickening of the bones of the face and jaw
diuresis Increased formation and secretion of urine
glucagon Hormone secreted by the pancreatic alpha cells
glucose Simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
glycosuria Presence of glucose in the urine or abnormal amount of sugar in the urine
Graves disease Multisystem autoimmune disorder characterized by pronounced hyperthyroidism usually associated with enlarged thyroid gland and exophthalmos (abnormal protrusion of the eyeball)
hirsutism Excessive distribution of body hair, especially in women
hypercalcemia Excessive amount of calcium in the blood
hyperkalemia Excessive amount of potassium in the blood
hypervolemia Abnormal increase in the volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body
hyponatremia natr: sodium (an electrolyte) Abnormal condition of low sodium in the blood
insulinoma Tumor of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas
obesity Excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body’s skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20 percent or more above ideal body weight
morbid obesity Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater, which is generally 100 or more pounds over ideal body weight
panhypopituitarism Total pituitary impairment that brings about a progressive and general loss of hormonal activity
pheochromocytoma Small chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla
thyroid storm Crisis of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism caused by the release into the bloodstream of increased amount of thyroid hormone; also called thyroid crisis or thyrotoxic crisis
virile Masculine or having characteristics of a man
virilism Masculinization in a woman or development of male secondary sex characteristics in the woman
Created by: Esuvill0