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Chap 13 Endocrine

Medical Word Elements

ElementMeaningWord Analysis
adrenal/o adrenal glands adrenal/ectomy:excision of (one or both) adrenal glands
calc/o calcium hyper/calc/emia:excessive calcium in the blood
crin/o secrete endo/crin/o/logy (e˘n-do¯-kr˘ın-O˘ L-o¯-je¯): study of endocrine glands (and their functions)
gluc/o sugar, sweetness gluc/o/genesis: forming or producing glucose
glyc/o sugar, sweetness hypo/glyc/emia: abnormally low level of glucose in the blood
glycos/o sugar, sweetness glycos/uria: abnormal amount of glucose, in the urine
home/o same, alike home/o/stasis: state of equilibrium in the internal environment of the body
kal/i potassium (an electrolyte) kal/emia: potassium in the blood
pancreat/o pancreas pancreat/o/tomy: incision of the pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands parathyroid/ectomy:excision of (one or more of the) parathyroid glands
thym/o thymus gland thym/oma: tumor of the thymus gland
thyr/o thyroid gland thyr/o/megaly: enlargement of the thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland hyper/thyroid/ism: condition of excessive thyroid gland
toxic/o poison toxic/o/logist: specialist in the study of poisons
adren/o adrenal glands adren/o/megaly:enlargement of adrenal glands
Created by: Esuvill0