Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Unit 2

Course 5011

Natural Science Empirical phenomena, Direct observation &measurement of phenomena or its permanent products
Science A systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge about the natural world
Goals of Science Description, prediction, control and development technology
Types of Natural Science Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Behavior Analysis
Social Science Hypothetical constructs outside of the natural realm; Indirect observation & measurement
Types of Social Science Psychology, sociology, political science
Philosophical Assumptions Determinism, empiricism, parsimony, philosophical doubt, pragmatism
Determinsism The universe is a lawful and orderly place.
Empiricism Objective observation with thorough description and quantification of the phenomena of interest, behavior
Experimentation Systematic manipulation of an independent variable.
Replication Repeating any part of an experiment
Parsimony Requires that all simple, logical explanations for the phenomena of interest be ruled out experimentally before more complex or abstract explanations are considered.
Philosophical Doubt Continually question the truthfulness of what is regarded as fact.
Pragmatism Assesses the truth of theories or beliefs in terms of the success of their practical application.
Behaviorism The philosophy or world view underlying behavior analysis. Posits that behavior is the subject matter of our science.
Radical Behaviorism B.F. Skinner’s philosophy of the science of human behavior. Most influential type of behaviorism for guiding the science and practice of behavior analysis.
Determinants of Behavior Causes of behavior; probabilistic
Selection The process in which repeated cycles occur of variation, interaction with the environment, and differential replication as a function of the interaction
Natural Selection The environment selects which variations survive and are passed on.
Cultural Selection Cultural practices evolve as they contribute to the success of the practicing group.
Temporal contiguity The nearness of events in time.
Contingency A dependency between events.
Types of Contingencies S-S contingencies (pairing) R-S contingencies S-R-S contingencies (or the 3- term contingency)
Basic operations Direct observation Repeated measures Graph data Manipulation Systematic evaluation Analysis and interpretation
Consequential Operation (+) Contingently present a stimulus immediately after the response.
Consequential Operation (-) Contingently remove a stimulus immediately after the response.
Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of experience.
Created by: LadyTEACH86
Popular Standardized Tests sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards