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World Studies EOC

The making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged Reparations
Rapid increase of prices in post-WWI Germany Hyperinflation
System of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state Totalitarianism
An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization Fascism
National Socialist German Workers Party, that took the Socialist idea of the community and applied it on a nationalist scale. The Nazi party wanted to unify Germany under a collective purpose. Nazi Ideology
When an individual uses mass media, propaganda, or other methods to create an idealized, heroic, and at times worshipful image, often through unquestioning flattery and praise. Cult of Personality
Break-up of a country over ethnic tensions after the Cold War ended Yugoslav War
Systematic removal/killing of a group of people from a region Ethnic Cleansing
Job seekers, guest workers, and refugees coming to Europe Immigration
Group of countries that allows the free movement of resources and products European Union
Common currency used in some European countries Euro
Islamic attacks on Madrid, Spain and London, England Terrorism
Former KGB officer, becomes president of Russia Rise of Vladimir Putin
Policy of the United Kingdom and France to avoid war at all costs Appeasement
Secret deal between Germany and the Soviet Union not to attack each other Non-Aggression Pact
Country invaded on September 1, 1939; start of WWII Poland
"Lightning War" of overwhelming German military power against an enemy Blitzkrieg
Allied Powers Alliance of the U.S., U.K., and the Soviet Union
Axis Powers Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan
German plan to attack the Soviet Union that began June 22, 1941 Operation Barbarossa
Final Solution The Nazi policy of exterminating European Jews
Slaughter of European civilians, especially Jews, during WWII Holocaust
Invasion of Normandy, France by the Allies on June 6, 1944/Operation Overlord D-Day
Final fight of WWII in Europe won by the Soviets Battle for Berlin
To be a superpower, a nation needs to have a strong economy, an overpowering military, immense international political power and, related to this, a strong national ideology. Ideology of Superpowers
Imaginary wall that divided democratic and communist countries in Europe Iron Curtain
Flying in supplies to a city after the Soviets had cut off access to it Berlin Blockade/Airlift
Idea that if one country goes Communist, others around it would, too Domino Effect
Organization of countries to defend each other from a Soviet Attack NATO
Organization of countries to defend each other from an American attack Warsaw Pact
Idea that the U.S. would help any country fight off Communism Marshall Plan
Rapid attempt between superpowers to be the first to go to space Space Race
Soviet attempt to put missles within 90 miles of the US; forced to remove them Cuban Missile Crisis
Last communist leader of the Soviet Union; reforms to communism failed Mikhail Gorbachev
Object built to keep people escaping from a communist city to freedom Berlin Wall
Due to bankruptcy; led to the end of communism in Europe Collapse of the Soviet Union
Nickname for Balkan ethnic tensions Powder Keg of Europe
Cause of WWI Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914,
Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Assassination MANIA
New Technology/Weapons in WWI Zeppelins, Machine Guns, Tanks, Poison Gas, Airplanes, Big Bertha, Carrier Pigeons, Motorcycles, Submarines, Bayonets
Government plans used to rally support for the war effort Propaganda
A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded. Total Warfare
U.S. Entry into WWI President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany. ... The United States later declared war on German ally Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917
American president's plan for what should happen after the war Fourteen Points
End of fighting on November 11, 1918 at 11:00 a.m. Armistice
Formal ending of the war on June 28, 1919 Treaty of Versailles
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia with Tsarina Alexandra and their children Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia, and Tsarevich Alexei Romanov Family
Causes of the Russian Revolution Collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks
Event where citizens were fired on by Czar's soldiers when protesting Bloody Sunday
Siberian peasant who seemed to heal Alexei; later murdered Rasputin
Only son of czar and czarina; sufffered from a deadly disease called hemophilia Alexei
Strikes that led to the resignation of the czar and a new government March Revolution
Lenin returns; Bolsheviks take control of the Russian government October Revolution
Motives of the Bolsheviks The Bolsheviks were born out of Russia's Social Democrat Party. When the party split in 1903 they only had one main leader, Lenin
Influences on the Russian Revolution On 7 November 1917, Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin led his leftist revolutionaries in a revolt against the ineffective Provisional Government
A conflict fought in Russia 1918–21 after the Revolution, between the Bolshevik Red Army and the counter-revolutionary White Russians, the Bolsheviks were ultimately victorious, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established Russian Civil War
Period of technological improvement and increased crop productivity that occurred during the 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe Agricultural Revolution
Walling off fields to create large, independent farms Field Enclosure
Reasons the Industrial Revolution started in the United Kingdom Cottage industries, Textiles, Spinning mules, Luddites, Industrial espionage, Coal and Iron
Natural Resources needed in the Industrial Revolution Coal and Iron
Home based jobs primarily concerned with the design and production of yarn, cloth, clothing, and their distribution Textile Industry
Working Conditions during the Industrial Revolution Factory owners preferred younger works so they could be paid less, they were beaten with a stick or strap, common diseases were small poxs, tuberculosis and measles
Economic system based on the idea of an "invisible hand?" Capitalism
Created the free market economy Adam Smith
A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Socialism
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Communism
Described how a controlled economy could work Karl Marx
The process of making an area more urban Urbanization
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force Imperialism
Motives for Imperialism Economic-to make money, control trade, raw materials and cheap labor, Exploratory-explore unknown areas, more scientific research, go on an adventure. Political-gain power, compete with territory, good military force, prestige.
Belief that natives would die out if they didn't adapt to new ways Social Darwinism
Moral obligation to bring civilization to the uncivilized White Man's Burden
Explorers->military->missionaries->settlers->new colony Cycle of Conquest
Welsh journalist that traveled 7000 miles through Africa Henry Stanly
Scottish missionary who was "lost" in Africa David Livingstone
Explorer who claimed Australia for the British James Cook
Trade between Africa, Europe and South America Columbian Exchange
War over trade routes in the Ottoman Empire Crimean War
Trade wars between the British and China over the drug Opium Opium Wars
Dropped out of Seminary school to become a revolutionary; Always tried to hide his shortness, small pox scars and short left arm. later his second wife either committed suicide or was murdered after a dinner party Josef Stalin
Was beaten into a two day coma when he was a child; dreamed of being an artist or architect then later wrote a book while he was in prison called "My Struggle" Adolf Hitler
Stabbed a classmate when he was 11yrs old; was an elementary school teacher before becoming a newspaper editor and later signed up for the army Benito Mussolini
Created by: 21charlie