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Medical Terminology

Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes, etc

TermDefinition
adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor, cyst
cyto cell
homeo similar, same, like
homo similar, same, like
lingua tongue
lip fat
lith stone
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chondro cartilage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger
ili hip
manus hand
myel bone marrow
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot
spondyl vertebra
cutis skin
dent teeth
derma skin
hapsia touch
odont teeth
onco tumor
onychia nail beds
pedicular lice
prurigo itching
psora itch
sarco flesh
sclero hard
squama scaly
tricho hair
chole bile, gallbladder
colon large intestine
emesis vomiting
entero intestine
gastro stomach
glosso tongue
hepat liver
ile ileum
laparo abdomen
myxo mucus
protcto anus, rectum
pyloro pylorus, gatekeeper
stoma mouth, opening
viscero body organs
angio vessel
aortal aorta, main artery
arterio artery
cardio heart
emboli vessel obstruction
emia blood
hema blood
hemo blood
phleb vein
thrombo bloot clot
varico varicose veins
vaso blood vessel
vena vein
ventricu heart cavity
broncho bronchi, airway
cili hairlike processes
ectasis expansion
laryngo larynx, voice box
naso nose
oro mouth
oxy oxygen, keen
pector breast, chest
pleura rib side
pneumo lung
ptysis to spit
pulmo lungs
rhin nose
tracheo trachea, windpipe
creatine a waste material in urine
cysto bladder
glomerulo nephron part, little ball
nephro kidney
peritoneo lining of abdominal organs
pyelo pelvis
reni kidney
uretero ureter
ureter kidneys 2 bladder
urethro urethra
urethra bladder to outside
uri urine
uric pertaining to urine
urina urine
uro urine
bulbo bulblike, bulbourethral gland
cervi neck, uterus
galacto milk
genito reproductive system
hyster uterus
lactin milk
mast breast
metr uterus
natal born
oophoro ovary
orchido testicle
ova egg
ovi egg
ovo egg
salping tube, fallopian
sperma seed
spermato seed
vas duct, vessel
audio sound
cerebro brain
encephalo brain
esthesia sensation
medulla brain middle
meningo membranes, spinal cord
neuro nerves
occiput back of skull
oculo eye
opthalmo eye
oto ear
parietes parietel, wall part
pons bridges
tempora temporal
atria atrium, auricle, upper heart chamber
pedia child
a without
an without
ab away from
ad toward
algia pain
ante before, wall part
anti against
bi two, double
brady slow
circum around
co together
con together
de down, away from
desis binding, fixation of
dia through
dys difficult, abnormal
ecto outside
ectomy excision
endo within
epi outer, on top of, over
exo away from
extra outside, beyond
ferro iron
fore forehead
form shape of
graphy writing, record
hemi half
hydra water
hyrdro water
hyper above
hypo below
iasis condition of
iatric medicine
ic pertaining to
inter between
intra within
isis condition of
asis condition of
itis inflammation of
juxta near
kinesis movement
kypho humped
logia science of
logy science of
lysis disintegration
macro large, long
malacia softening
med middle
medi middle
medio middle
mega enlargement
megaly enlargement
micro small
mono single, one
multi many
neo new
ob against
oid like, shape; resemble
oligo few
ology study of
oma tumor
osis condition
otomy incision
pachy thick
para near, departure from the norm
path disease
penia deficiency
peri around
pexi fixation, suspension
phobia fear of
phoresis transmission
plasty plastic surgical correction
plegia paralysis; stroke
poly many
post after
pre before
pro in front of; on behalf of
pseudo false
ptosis falling
re back, again
retro backward
rrhapy suture
rhexis rupture
scopy exam
semi half
sphygmo pulse
sub below
super above
supra above
sym together
syn together
tachy swift, fast
tele distance
toxo toxic, poison
trans across
tri three
ultra above
uni one
xeno foreign
xero dry
albus white
chloro green
chrom color
cirrhos yellow
cyano blue
erythr red
leuko white
melano black
polio gray
purpura purple, porphyria
rhodo rose
rubeo red
xantho yellow
CMA Certified Medical Assistant
RMA Registered Medical Assistant
CNA Certified Nursing Aide
EMT Emergency Medical Technician
LVN Licensed Vocational Nurse
LPN Licensed Practical Nurse
MD Medical Doctor
ME Medical Examiner
MLT Medical Lab Technologist
NP Nurse Practitioner
OT Occupational Therapist
PA Physician's Assistant
PT Physical Therapist
RHIT Registered Health Information Technician
ART Accredited Record Technologist
ART used to be RHIT
RN Registered Nurse
RRT Registered Respiratory Therapist
RT Respiratory Therapist
a (ante) before
aa (ana) of each
abd abdominal
a.c. (ante cibum) before meals
ADL activity of daily living
ad lib as desired
a.m. (ante meridiem) morning
amt. amount
AROM active range of motion
AX axillary
BID (bis in die) two times a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
c with a line over it (cum) with
cal calorie
cath catheter
CBR complete bed rest
cc cubic centimeter
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter
CN charge nurse
CNS central nervous system
c/o complains of
DC discontinue
DON director of nurses
Dr. doctor
F Fahrenheit
fx fracture
GI gastrointestinal
gtt (gutta) drop
gtts (guttas) drops
GU genitourinary
h hour
H2O Water
HOB head of bed
Trendelenberg position hips above head
HOH hard of hearing
HS hour of sleep
I/O intake and output
IV intravenous
infiltrated (IV) IV not in vein
kg kilogram
L liter
lb (libra) pound
LE lower extremity
LLE lower left extremity
LUE left upper extremity
Lt. left
MI myocardial infarction
mm millimeter
noc (nocte) night
NPO nothing by mouth
N/V nausea and vomiting
O.D. (oculus dexter) right eye
OD overdose
OOB out of bed
O.S. (oculus sinister) left eye
O.U. (oculus uterque) both eyes
oz ounce
p with a line over it (post) after
P pulse
radial pulse wrist
popliteal pulse behind the knee
apical pulse directly on the chest
carotid pulse neck
pedal pulse foot
p.c. (post cibum) after meals
PO (per os) by mouth
p.m. (post meridiem) evening
prn (pro re nata) as needed
PROM passive range of motion
pt. patient
qd (quaque die) every day
qh (quaque hora) every hour
q2h every two hours
qid (quater in die) four times a day
qod (quaque outro die) every other day
QNS (quantum non sufficit) quantity not sufficient
QS (quantum sufficit) quantity sufficient
R in a circle rectal
R respirations
RE right extremity
RUE right upper extremity
RLE right lower extremity
ROM range of motion
Rx (recipe of prescription) prescription
s with a line over it (sine) without
sig write; to be labeled
SOB shortness of breath
ss (solo semi) half
SSE soap suds enema
staph staphylococcus
stat (statim) immediately
strep streptococcus
syr syrup
T temperature
tab tablet
tbsp tablespoon
tid (ter in die) three times a day
TO telephone order
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
tsp teaspoon
UP universal precautions
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
v.o. verbal order
v.s. vital signs
W/C wheelchair
wt. weight
CCU coronary care unit; critical care unit
ICU intensive care unit
CS central supply
EENT eyes, ears, nose and throat
ER emergency room
GI lab gastrointestinal lab
lab laboratory
MICU medical intensive care unit
NICU 1 neuro intensive care unit
NICU 2 neonatal intensive care unit
OB-GYN obstetrics and gynecology (obstetrician gynecologist)
OR operating room
pedi pediatrics
PT physical therapy
RT respiratory therapy
SICU surgical intensive care unit
ABG arterial blood gas
ACP acute care panel
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C&S culture and sensitivity
CBC complete blood count
chem. chemistry
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CXR chest X-ray
DPT diptheria, pertussis, tetanus
Created by: msvwalker5