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Pharmacy abbreviations

1/2 NS half normal saline 0.45%
aa of each
ac before meals
ad right ear
am morning
amp ampule
APAP acetaminophen
aq water, aqueous
as left ear
ASA aspirin
ATC around the clock
au both ears
bid twice a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
brady slow
BS blood sugar
BSA body surface area
c with
cap; caps capsule; capsules
cc (mL) cubic centimeter (milliliter)
CHF congestive heart failure
comp compound
d.t.d. give of such dose
D/C; disc discontinue
D5W 5% Dextrose in water
DAW dispense as written
dil dilute
disp dispense
DNR do not resuscitate
elix elixir
et and
fl fluid
g; gm; G; Gm gram
gr grain
gtt(s) drop(s)
h, hr, or ° hour
HA headache
HBP high blood pressure
HC hydrocortisone
hs hour of sleep, bedtime
hyper above, excessive
hypo below, deficient
ID intradermal
IM intramuscular
inj injection
IV intravenous
IVP; IV push intravenous push
IVPB intravenous piggyback
L; l liter
square meter
mcg; 𝜇g microgram
mEq; meq milliequivalent
mg milligram
min minute
ml; mL milliliter
mOsm milliosmoles
MS morphine sulfate
N.R. or non rep no refill or do not repeat
N/V or N&V nausea & vomiting
neo new
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
noct nocturnal
NS normal saline 0.9%
NPO nothing by mouth
NTG nitroglycerin
od right eye
oint ointment
os left eye
ou both eyes
pc after meals
per by or through
pm evening or afternoon
po orally/by mouth
PRN as needed or whenever necessary
pulv powder
q every
q2h every 2 hours
q4-6h every 4-6 hours
q4h every 4 hours
q6h every 6 hours
qd every day
qh every hour
qid four times a day
qod every other day
qs a sufficient quantity to make
R rectally/by rectum
RL Ringer's Lactate
Rx recipe; take
s without
s.c; subc; subq; SQ subcutaneous
SOB shortness of breath
sig or signa (take) write on label; directions for the patient
SL; subl sublingual
sol solution
sos if there is need
ss 1/2
stat immediately
supp suppository
susp suspension
syr syrup
tab; tabs tablet; tablets
tachy fast/rapid
tbs; tbsp; T tablespoon
tid three times a day
tiw three times a week
Top topical
TPN total parenteral nutrition
tinct; tr tincture
tsp; t teaspoon
ud or ut dict as directed
ung ointment
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
vs vital signs
w/ with
w/o without
wk week
WBC white blood cell count
x times
a before
p after
i (roman numeral) 1
V (roman numeral) 5
X (roman numeral) 10
L (roman numeral) 50
C (roman numeral) 100
D (roman numeral) 500
M (roman numeral) 1,000
m; min minim
dr; ʒ dram
oz; ℥ ounce
pt; O pint
qt quart
XV (roman numeral) 15
XX (roman numeral) 20
XL (roman numeral) 40
mm millimeter
Kg; kg kilogram
lb pound
M; m meter
U; u unit
sp spirit
S & S swish & swallow
vag vaginal
NG nasogastric tube
ad lib as directed or desired
d daily
OTC over the counter
K.O.; KVO keep open; keep vein open
Created by: scarletrose