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FMF (Core)


ORM A decision making tool used by everyone to reduce the potential for loss
explain the steps of ORM "I AM IS" Identify Hazards Assess Hazards Make Risk Decisions Implement Controls Supervise
What are the four principles of ORM Accept Risk when Benefits outweigh the cost Accept no unnecessary risk Anticipate and manage risk Make risk decisions at the right level
Hearing protection requirements >84 dBA single protection >104 dBA double protection
Hazardous Material Any material that may pose a substantial hazard to human health or the environment.
Hazardous waste A discarded material which meets the definition of hazardous material
MSDS "Material Safety Data Sheet" is a technical bulletin containing information about materials
Hazard a condition with the potential to cause injury, death or property damage
Risk An expression of possible loss in terms of severity and probability
Risk assessment The process of detecting hazards and assessing associated risks
1775 The Marine Corps was created on 10 Nov1775 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania at the Tun Tavern
1776 the first Marine landing during the Revolutionary War
1805 Marines Stormed the Barbary pirates' stronghold at Burma on the Shores of Tripoli first time "Stars and Stripes" raised in the eastern hemisphere
1847 Marines occupied the "halls of Montezuma" in mexico city
1859 Commanded of Colonel Robert E. Lee, Marines Stormed the arsenal at Harper's Ferry to put down slave Recolt Lead by John Brown
1868 Adopted the EGA Eagle = nation itself Globe = worldwide service Anchor = Sea Traditions
1883 Marines Adopted "Semper Fidelis"
1900 Marines defended the American Legation in Peking, china during the Boxer Rebellion
1913 Marine Corps established its aviation unit Major Alfred Cunningham was the first Pilot
1917 Marines participating in operations distinguished themselves and were awarded the French Fourragere still worn by members of the 5th and 6th marines
1933 the Marine Corps was reorganized into the Fleet Marine Force.
1965 Marines landed in South Vietnam, committed the marine corps to the longest war in its history. Marines also landed in the Dominican Republic to evacuate and protect U.S. Citizens
1982 Marines deployed to Lebanon as a peacekeeping force. On 23 Oct 1983 a truck bomb attack on the headquarters building killed 241 Americans and wounded 70 others. last Marine unit withdrew in July of 1984
1991 Operation Desert Storm. Marine avation was heavily used when air phase commenced in January of 1991 when bombing failed, ground forces swept into Kuwait and liberated the country
2001 Marine units deployed to the Arabian sea and in November 2001 set up a forward operating command in southern Afghanistan as part of operation enduring freedom.
2003 On 19 Mar 2003 allied forces launched operation Iraqi freedom, in three weeks demolished the government in Iraq 23-29 mar 20003 2d Marine expeditionary brigade was tasked with capturing two out of three bridges during the advance to baghdad
2004 (a) 31 March 2004 Iraqi insurgents in falluja ambushed a convoy containing four American private military contractors from Blackwater USA. Iraqi government requested control of city be turned over to Iraqi-run security force.
2004 (b) 7 Nov 2004, operation phantom fury was launched to recapture the city of Fallujah. 1350 insurgent fighters killed 95 American troops killed 560 wooded on 13 Nov after 6 days Falluja was full occupied by US forces bloodiest battle of the war in Iraq
The Battle of Belleau Wood Marines helped to crush a German offensive at Belleau Wood . France renamed the area "the wood of the Brigade of Marines" german intelligence evaluated Marines as "Storm Troops" the highest rating on the enemy fighting scale - gave nickname "devil Dog"
The Battle of Guadalcanal on 7 Aug 1942, the 1st Marine division landed on the beaches of Guadalcanal in the Solomon islands the first us land offensive of world war II. Provided a crucial turning point of the war in the pacific by providing a base to invade Japanese islands
The Battle of Tarawa Japanese commander proclaimed that it would take a million Americans 100 years to conquer it. On 20 November 1943, Marines landed and secured the island within 76 hours,
The Battle of Mariana Islands Due to the need for airfields and advanced bases for the Navy, the Marianas were invaded. June - July 1943, LT General Smith led a invasion force of Marines and soldiers of over 136,000. greatest number of troops up to that time under Marine command
The Battle of Iwo Jima 19 February 1945, largest and bloodiest all-marine battle in history 23,300 casualties Admiral Nimitz said "Among the Americans who served, Uncommon valor was a common virtue" Greatly increased the air support and bombing operations against the japan
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir November 1950, Marines were cut off by Chinese forces. facing a 10-devision force, Marines smashed seven enemy divisions in their march from chosin reservoir Marines brought out all equipment, evacuated wounded and dead, and maint. tactival integrity
The Battle of Hue City During the Vietnamese Holiday of Tet in January 1968, communist forces launched a surprise offensive. Marines fought in built-up areas for the first time since the Korean war, fighting house to house with progress measured in yards.
Archibald Henderson Brigadier General Henderson became commandant in 1820 and held command for 39 years until his death in 1859 "Grand old man of the Marine corps" introduced higher standards of appearance, training and discipline.
John Quick Sgt Major Quick was awarded the medal of honor for semaphoring for emergency lift of naval bombardment while under Spanish and American shellfire
Dan Daly Sgt Major Daly was awarded two medals of honor, first during the boxer rebellion , the second during the first caco war. Known for saying "Come on you sons of a bitches, You want to live forever"
Louis B. "Chesty" Puller LT Gen Puller served in Nicaragua durring periods of unrest, With 32 Marines became famous for their ability to engage rebel groups and bandits while scouring the jungles. Known as the "Tiger of the Mountans" Mascot "an English Bull dog named "Chesty"
Ira H. Hayes Corporal Ira Hayes, a Pima Indian was one of the Marines immortalized in the photograph taken of the second flag raising on 23 Feb 1945
Gregory R. " Pappy Boyington Recognized for prowess in aerial Dogfights Commanded VMH-214 "Black Sheep" during WWII top Ace with 28 Kills
Opha Mae Johnson Private Johnson became first Enlisted Woman on 12 August 1918 Marine Reserve (F) was official title, better better known as "Skirt Marines" and "Marinettes"
Margaret A. Brewer Brigadier General Brewer, as a colonel served as director of women marines from 1973-1977. the only post wasr woman to hold position. first woman general officer on 11 May 1978
Robert E. Bush Awarded Medal of Honor while serving with 1st MarDiv during the battle of Okinawa. Bush moved from one casualty to the next providing aid. Holding plasma in one hand, he emptied his pistol in to advancing ranks,
John "Jack H. Bradley 1 of 6 men in flag-raising over Iwo Jima. earned Navy Cross for running thru mortar and machine gun fire to aid exposed Marine. preformed treatment while shielding his patient and pull 30 yards to safety. "only real heroes were those that didnt come back.
Robert R. Ingram awarded medal of honor for actions during the Vietnam war. PO Ingram crawled thru bullet spattered terrain to reach a Marine. while giving aid a bullet went through his palm. bleading he edged across the landscaping collecting ammo and giving aid
when to salute begin salute at least six but not more then 30 paces away. hold until returned or acknowledged accompany with appropriate greeting
do not salute when working indoors as a prisoner or guarding prisoners under battle conditions in ranks at crowded gatherings when you blouse or coat is unbuttoned with a smoking device in hand
Officer ranks (W-1 - O-10) Warrant Officer Chief Warrant Officer 2 Chief Warrant Officer 3 Chief Warrant Officer 4 Chief Warrant Officer 5 Second LT First LT Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Brigadier General Major General Lieutenant General General
Enlisted Ranks (E-1 - E-9) Private Private First Class Lance Corporal Corporal Sergeant Staff Sergeant Gunnery Sergeant Master Sergeant / First Sergeant Master Gunnery Sergeant/ Sergeant Major / Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
Two chains of command Service chain Operational chain
Service Chain President, Secretary of Defense, SecNav, Commandant of the Marine Corps
Operational Chain President, SecDef, Combatant Commanders
Marine Corps Operating Forces Marine Corps Forces Marine Corps Security Forces Marine Security Guard
Marine Corps Forces Organized as MAGTFs and are employed as part of expeditionary forces or separately as part of larger force MARFORCOM located in Virginia MARFORPAC located in Haqaii
Marine Corps Security Force 3400 Marines protecting Key Naval installations and facilities worldwide.
Marine Security Guard Detachments at embassies and consulates around the globe. currently assigned to 121 diplomatic posts in 115 countries
Purpose of Headquarters Marine Corps Consists of the Commandant of the Marine Corps and those staff agencies that advise the commandant in discharging those responsibilities
Commandant of the Marine Corps Responsible to the SecNav for the administration, discipline, organization, training, efficiency and readiness of the Marine Corps
Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Principle organization for the conduct of all missions. Balanced forces with organic ground, aviation and sustainment elements. they are flexible , task organized forces that can respond rapidly anywhere in the world.
MEF Headquarters Group Provides administrative and logistical support functions for the MEF command element and supported units. Main Units are Normally, Coms battalion, Intel Battalion, Radio Battalion and MP support Company
Marine Aircraft Wing, Air Combat Element Task-organized to suport the MAGTF Mission. Normally built around aviation organization augmented with Air command and control, combat, combat support and combat service support. can operate from ships expeditionary airfields or forward operating sites.
Marine Division, Ground Combat Element (GCE) Task organized to conduct ground operation in support of the MAGTF. normally formed around an infantry organization reinforced with artillery, recon, armor, and engineer forces. can very in size from a rifle platoon to one or mar MARDIVs
Marine Logistics Group,(MLG), Logistic Combat Element(LCE) Task organized to provide the full range of combat services support functions and capabilities needed to support the continued readiness and sustainability of the MAGTF.
Where are the Three standing MEFs 1st, southern california and Arizona 2nd, North and South Carolina 3rd, Japan and Hawaii
Marine Expeditionary Brigades(MEB) a MAGTF built around a reinforced infantry regiment, and aircraft group and logistic combat element. normally commanded by a brigadier general.
Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is the standard forward deployed marine expeditionary organization. thought of both as a self contained operating force capable of missions of limited scope and duration and as a forward deployed extension of the MEF
Mission of the MEU to provide a forward deployed, sea-based, rapid crisis response capability to execute a full range of military operations
Break down of a MEU Command Emement"provide command and control to the MEU" Air Combat Element "helicopter squadron with transport, utility, and attack helicopters, VTOL fixed-wing attack aircraft, Ground Combat Element - Battalion landing team Logistics Combat Element
Seven Standing MEU 1 MEF - 11, 13, 15 MEUs 2 MEF - 22, 24, 26 MEUs 3 MEF - 31 MEU
Special Purpose MAGTF (SPMAGTF) It is normally used for a specific mission or in unique instances where employment of one of the three basic MAGTFs would be inappropriate.
Reporting Senior Commanding Officers are reporting seniors by virtue of their command authority
Delegated Reporting Seniors Delegation of reporting senior authority is an actual transfer of authority
Immediate Superiors in Command (ISICs) ISICs are reporting seniors for assigned Commanding Officers
Enlisted Reporting Seniors Chief Petty Officers (E7-E9) may act as reporting seniors for members in the grades of E-4 and below only
Raters and senior raters E-7 equivalent or higher
Types of reports Regular reports Concurrent reports Operational Commander reports
Promotion recommendation summary groups 4.0 for "Early Promote," 3.8 for "Must Promote," 3.6 for "Promotable," 3.4 for "Progressing," 2.0 for "Significant Problems.
Misconduct reporting should take into account misconduct which has been established through reliable evidence to the reporting senior's satisfaction.
Standard letter Used to correspond officially within or outside the DOD
Endorsements use an endorsement to forward comments, recommendations, or information
Memorandums provides a less formal way to correspond within an activity/command
NAVPERS 1070/ 602 604 605 613 PG2 - record of emergency data PG 4- Qualifications history PG 5 - History of Assignments PG 13 - Admin remarks
Purpose of UCMJ Promotes good order and discipline and provides a basis for the administration of justice
Who is responsible for upholding the UCMJ All members of the Armed Forces.
Who is subject to the UCMJ Members of a regular or reserve component Members of the Fleet Reserve and Fleet Marine Corps Reserve Army National Guard and Air National Guard members Cadets, aviation cadets, and midshipmen Retired members of a regular component who are paid
Types of Courts-martials Summary Special Court-martial general
Summary one active duty commissioned officer with the rank of Captain (O-3) or higher except confinement for more than 1 month with hard labor, without confinement for more than 45 days, restriction for more than 2 months, or forfeiture of more than 1 months pay
Special court-martial composed of military judge alone or a military judge and not less than three active-duty members confined for six months, hard labor w/o confined for three months, forfeiture of more than 2/3 pay for six months, a bad conduct discharge, & redux in rank
General military judge and not less than five impartial active-duty armed services personnel may adjudge any punishment not forbidden by the UCMJ
The value of NJP to the commander is to give the commander the ability to maintain good order and discipline
When NJP can be administered NJP is given for minor offenses of the UCMJ. A minor offense is one for which the maximum sentence, if tried by a general court-martial, does not include a dishonorable discharge or confinement of greater than one year.
The right to refuse NJP Before the imposition of NJP proceedings, the accused may demand trial by court-martial in lieu of NJP
The procedures to appeal Within five days of imposition of punishment submit a written statement as to why the punishment is unjust or disproportionate to the offense
Sexual harassment the influencing, offering to influence, or threatening the career, pay, or job of another person in exchange for sexual favors
Sexual assault intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, physical threat, or abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent
Equal opportunity rovided fair and equal treatment, having equal opportunity regardless of race, ethnicity, age, sex, or religious conviction
Hazing any conduct whereby one military member, regardless of service or rank, causes another military member, regardless of service or rank, to suffer or be exposed to an activity which is cruel, abusive, humiliating, or oppressive.
Fraternization relationships and social and business contacts between and among Marines/Sailors of different grades
Enlisted Distribution Verification Report (EDVR) monthly statement of an activity's enlisted personnel account
EDVR sections 1 prospective gains 2 prospective losses 3 alpha roster
9 Common elements found in a combat environment Violence Casualties Confusion isolation communication Breakdown Individual Discomfort Fear Continuous Operations Homesickness
characteristics that enable Marines and Sailors to overcome fear Morale discipline Esprit de Corps Proficiency Motivation
Six steps for Leading Troops (BAMCIS) Begin Planning Arrange Reconnaissance Make Reconnaissance Complete the Plan Issue the Order Supervise
Code of Conduct (Article 1) I am an American, Fighting in the armed forces which guard my country and our way of life. i am prepared to give my life in their defense
Code of Conduct (Article 2) I will never surrender of my own free will. if in command, i will never surrender the members of my command while they still have the means to resist
Code of Conduct (Article 3) If i am captured i will not take any favors of special treatment from the enemy, and i will resist and escape, if possible. if i can help marines/sailors and others to escape, i will do do
Code of Conduct (Article 4) If I become a POW, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no information nor take part in any action which might be harmful to my comrades. If I am senior, I will take command. If not, I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed
Code of Conduct (Article 5) when questioned should i become a POW i am required to give my name, rank, service number, and DOB. i will evade answering further quest. to the utmost of my ability. i will make no verbal/written statements disloyal to my country and its allies
Code of Conduct (Article 6) I will never forget that I am an American, fighting for freedom, responsible for my actions, and dedicated to the principles which made my country free. I will trust in my God and in the United States of America.
rights of a prisoner of war receive sanitary, protective housing and clothing receive a sufficient amount of food to sustain good health receive adequate medical care receive necessary facilities for proper hygiene practice religious faith keep personal property
Information Marines or Sailors are required to give their captors - Name - Rank - Service number (social security number) - Date of birth
Explain responsibility to perform paid labor - Labor that is not military - Not degrading - Not dangerous - Not unhealthy
1st general rule of first aid Remain calm as you take charge of the situation and act quickly but efficiently
2nd general rule of first aid make your prelim examination in the position and place you find the victim. if you decide to move the victim do it quickly and gently to a safe location where proper first aid can be administered
3rd general rule of first aid limit your prelim survey to observing the ABCs of basic life saving
Irreversible brain damage can occur if breathing has stopped for how long 4-6 mins
4th general rule of first aid examine the victim for fractures, especially the skull, neck,spine, and ribs
5th general rule of first aid remove enough clothing to get a clear idea of the extent of the injury
how do you remove cloaths rip along the seams
6th general rule of first aid keep the victim reassured and comfortable. do not allow the victim to see wounds
7th general rule of first aid avoid touching open wounds or burns with your fingers or unsterile objects
8th general rule of first aid position the unconscious of semiconscious victim on his side or back with the head turned to the side.
9th general rule of first aid always carry a litter patient feet first so the rear bearer can observer victim for respiratory or circulatory distress
what does Triage Mean French word meaning "to Sort". the process of quickly assessing patients in a multiple casualty incident
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (TACTICAL "CLASS I") Patients whose injuries require minor professional treatment that can be done on an outpatient or ambulatory basis.
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (TACTICAL "CLASS II") Patients whose injuries require immediate life-sustaining measures or are of a moderate nature. Initially, they require a minimum amount of time, personnel, and supplies.
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (TACTICAL "CLASS III") can be delayed without jeopardy to life or loss of limb.
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (TACTICAL "CLASS IV") require extensive treatment beyond the immediate medical capabilities.
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (NON-TACTICAL "Priority I") correctable life-threatening illnesses or injuries
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (NON-TACTICAL "Priority II") serious but non-life-threatening illnesses or injuries
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (NON-TACTICAL "Priority III") minor injuries such as soft tissue injuries, simple fractures, or minor to moderate burns.
SORTING FOR TREATMENT (NON-TACTICAL "Priority IV") dead or fatally injured.
Primary survey is a rapid initial assessment to detect and treat life threatening conditions that require immediate care
secondary survey is a complete and detailed assessment consisting of a subjective interview and an objective exam
ABCDE process Airway Breathing Circulation Disability Expose
The essence of shock control and prevention to recognize the onset of the condition and to start treatment before the symptoms fully develop
general signs and symptoms of the development of shock Restlessness and apprehension Eyes may be glassy and dull. Pupils may be dilated Breathing may be rapid or labored, face and skin may be very pale or ashen gray; The skin feels cool and covered with clammy sweat. The pulse tends to be rapid, weak,
ways to control hemorrhage pressure dressing pressure points tourniquets
Pressure dressing The best way to control external bleeding is by applying a compress to the wound and exerting pressure directly to the wound
Pressure points Bleeding can often be temporarily controlled by applying hand pressure to the appropriate pressure point. A pressure point is the spot where the main artery to an injured part lies near the skin surface and over a bone
Tourniquets is a constricting band that is used to cut off the supply of blood to an injured limb. Use a tourniquet only as a last resort and if the control of hemorrhage by other means proves to be difficult or impossible
Head wounds treated with care,always the possibility of brain damage Keep the victim lying flat If the wound is on back of head, turn victim on side Watch closely for vomiting Do not use direct pressure to control hemorrhage if skull is depressed or fractured
Facial wounds all facial injuries make sure neither the tongue nor injured soft tissue blocks the airway, causing breathing obstruction. position the victim so that blood will drain out of the mouth and nose
Chest wounds may cause severe breathing and bleeding problems, all chest injuries must be considered as serious conditions
Treatment for chest wound Immediately seal the wound with a hand or any airtight material available Firmly tape the material in place with strips of adhesive tape and secure it with a pressure dressing Give the victim oxygen Place the victim sitting up
Abdominal wound deep wound in the abdomen is likely to constitute a major emergency since there are many vital organs in this area. Abdominal wounds usually cause intense pain, nausea and vomiting, spasm of the abdominal muscles, and severe shock
Treatment for abdominal wound if the intestines are not exposed, cover the wound with a sterile dressing. If exposed, apply sterile compress moistened with sterile water. Fasten the bandage firmly so compress will not slip, do not apply more pressure than necessary to hold compress.
closed fracture the bone is broken but there is no break in the skin
open fracture one in which there is an open wound in the tissues and the skin. Sometimes the open wound is made when the sharp end of the broken bone pushes out through the flesh
forearm fracture the radius and the ulna. apply splint to the forearm, put forearm across the chest hand should be turned in with the thumb pointing upward
upper arm fracture place a pad in the armpit and secure to body. support forearm in a narrow sling
Thigh fracture femur moving the limb results in a spasm of the muscles and extream pain apply two splints, one on outside of injured leg and one on inside. fasten around ankle, over the knee, just below hip, around the pelvis and just below the arm pit
lower leg fracture carefully straighten the leg. apply three splints one on each side and one underneath.
clavicle fracture when victim stands one shoulder is lower then the other. apply a sling and swathe splint bend arm and place forearm across the chest figure 8 bandage may also be used
rip fracture make victim comfortable and quiet so that the greatest danger, the possibility of further damage to the lungs, heart or chest wall by the broken ends
three kinds of burns first degree second degree third degree
first degree burn the epidermal layer is irritated reddened and tingling
second degree epidermal blisters mottled appearance and a red base recovery usually takes 2 to 3 weeks body fluids may be drawn into the injured tissue causing a plasma loss at the surface
third degree burn full thickness injury penetrating into muscle and fatty connective tissues or even down to the bone tissue color will range from white scalds to black charring burns
first aid for burns maintain an open airway control hemorrhage do not remove clothing covering with clean sheets or dry dressing over 20% start intravenous therapy with electrolyte solution relieve pain with aspirin
Heat Cramps Excessive Sweating may result in painful cramps in abdomen, legs and arms give victim plenty of cool water
Heat Exhaustion caused by working or exercising in hot environments causes weakness dizziness nausea and loss of appetite skin may appear ashen gray, cool, moist and clammy move the victim to a cool or air-conditioned area. do not allow victim to become chilled
Heat Stroke extreamly high body temperature (105 or higher) preliminary symptoms such as headache, nausea, dizziness or weakness reduce heat immediately by dousing the body with cold water discontinue colling when rectal temperature reaches 102
Hypothermia General Cooling of the whole body is caused by continue exposure to lower or rapidly falling temperatures cold moisture , snow or ice rewarm the victim as soon as possible. give warm liquids to drink
Immersion Foot results from prolonged exposure to wet cold temperatures ranging from just above freezing to 50 degrees. gangreen my occur. get victim off feet as soon as possible remove shoes and socks expose to warm dry air keep victim warm
frostbite occures when ice crystals form in the skin or deeper tissues after exposure to temperature 32 or lower
superficial frostbite the surface of the skin will feel hard but the underlying tissue will be soft take victim indoors gradually rewarm the affected area
deep frostbite the freezing reaches into the deep tissue layers. there are ice crystals in the entire thickness of the extremity do not attempt to thaw the frostbitten area if there is a possibility of refreezing rapidly rewarm frozen areas by immersion in water
how to purify water under field conditions remove cap from canteen and fill with water put one iodine tablet into clean water put two tablets into cloudy water replace the cap and wait 5 mins shake canteen
boiling water water must be held at a rolling boil for at least 15 seconds to make it safe for drinking
cat hole one foot wide and one foot deep. completely cover and pack down after each use used when on the march
straddle trench 4' long, 2.5' deep, 1' wide used for 1 -3 days bivouac sites
Different types of carries fireman carry one man support carry one man arms carry saddleback carry pack strap carry pistol belt carry
duties of the interior guard preserve order protect property enforce regulations with in the juridiction of command
general order 1 to take charge of this post and all goverment property in view
general order 2 to walk my post in a military manner keeping always on alert and observing everything that takes place within sight or hearing
general order 3 to report all violations of orders i am instructed to enforce
general order 4 to repeat all calls from posts more distant from the guardhouse than my own
general order 5 to quit my post only when properly relieved
general order 6 to receive obey and pass on to the sentry who relieves me all orders from the commanding officer, officer of the day, and officers and noncommissioned officers of the guard only
general order 7 to talk to no one exvept in the line of duty
general order 8 to give the alarm in case of fire or disorder
general order 9 to call the corporal of the guard in any case not covered by instructions
general order 10 to salute all officers and all colors and standards not cased
general order 11 to be especially watchful at night and during the time for challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post and to allow no one to pass without proper authority
interior guard chain of command commanding officer field officer of the day officer of the day commander of the guard sergeant of the guard corporal of the guard
what is deadly force the efforts of an individual used against another to cause death, substantial risk of death, or serious bodily harm
6 conditions that justify the use of deadly force defend yourself defend property not involving national security defend property not involving national security but inherently dangerous to others prevent crimes against people apprehend individuals establish and/or maintain lawful order
terrorism is the unlawful use or threatened use of violence to force or intimidate governments or societies to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives
perspectives of terrorism cheap, low risk, highly effective way for groups to challenge stronger groups and achieve objectives beyond their abilities
long range goals of terrorism to topple governments, influence to level decisions, and gain recognition for their cause
short range goals of terrorism gaining recognition, reducing government credibility, obtaining funds and equipment delaying the political process, reducing government economy influencing elections
what motivates terrorism religion, prestige, power, political change, and material gain
THREATCON System designed to standardized security measures so that inter-service coordination and support of antiterrorism activities are simplified
Threat conditions Normal Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta
Alpha a general threat of possible terrorist activity against installations and personnel . the exact nature and extent are unpredictable
bravo an increased and more predictable threat of terrorist action
Charlie an incident has occurred or intelligence indicates that some form of terrorist action is imminent
delta an incident has occurred or intelligence indicates that a terrorist action against a specific location is likely. normaly declared as a localized warning
Rules to protect yourself from terrorist attack vary transportation methods park in well lit areas avoid traveling alone keep a low profile and avoid calling attention to yourself be sensitive to the possibility of surveillance
Access the ability and opportunity to obtain knowledge or possession of classified information
classification determination by an authorized official that official information requires in the interest of national security, a specific degree of protection against disclosure
Compromise an unauthorized disclosure of information to one or more people who do not possess a security clearance
information offical knowledge that can be communicated owned by the U.S. Government.
Levels of Classifications Top Secret Secret Confidential
Top Secret information unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage the national security.
Secret information whose unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to the national security.
Confidential information whose unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause damage to the national security.
what should be done upon finding unsecured classified material Protect it from further compromise and notify the custodian or security manager immediately
methods that foreign agents use in collecting information Observe and photograph activities. Eavesdrop on electronic communications. Read news releases. Listen to careless talk. Obtain classified documents
Transmission Ranges Low Power 200 - 400 Meters Medium Power 400M - 5 KM High Power 5KM - 10KM Power Amplifier (vehicular only) 10KM - 40KM
Perform operation checks. Conduct inventory. Make sure all parts are present. - Check the accessories for cleanliness and serviceability using FITCAL
FITCAL - Feel. - Inspect. - Tighten. - Clean. - Adjust. - Lubricate.
M9 service Pistol 9mm Round 50 meter Max Effective Range 1800 Meter Max Range 15 round Magazine
M9 conditions codes C1. Magazine inserted, round in chamber, slide forward, hammer forward and safety on. C.2 N/A C3. Magazine inserted, chamber empty, slide forward, and safety on. C4. Magazine removed, chamber empty, slide forward, and safety on.
M16A4 service rifle 5.56mm Round 550 -800 meter Max Effective Range 3600 meter Max Range 30 round staggered Magazine
M16 conditions codes C1. Safety on, magazine inserted, round in chamber, bolt forward, eject port closed. C2. N/A C3. Safety on, magazine inserted, chamber empty, bolt forward, eject port closed. C4. Safety on, magazine removed, chamber empty, eject port closed.
"SPORTS" Slap magazine for proper seat Pull charging handle back Observe chamber for rounds and debris Release charging handle Tap forward assist button Shoot weapon
M4 carbine 5.56mm Round 500 -600 meter Max Effective Range 3600 meter Max Range 30 round staggered Magazine
M4 carbine conditions codes C1. Safety on, magazine inserted, round in chamber, bolt forward, eject port closed. C2. N/A C3. Safety on, magazine inserted, chamber empty, bolt forward, eject port closed. C4. Safety on, magazine removed, chamber empty, eject port closed.
M4 Super 90 Shotgun 12 gage round 40 yards (00 buckshot) 100 yards rifled slug 6 or 7 rounds
M4 Super 90 Shotgun conditions codes C1: Ammo inserted into the magazine tube, a round in the chamber, wep on safe. C2: N/A C3: Ammo inserted mag tube, an empty chamber, wep on safe. C4: Mag tube empty, empty chamber, wep on safe.
M67 grenade Kill Radius 5 meters Casualty Radius 15 meters
M203 grenade launcher 400 meters Maximum range 350 meters Fire-team sized area target 150 meters Vehicle or weapon point target
M203 grenade launcher conditions codes C1. Round in the chamber, action is closed and the weapon is on safe. C2. N/A. C3. N/A. C4. The chamber is clear. The action is closed and the weapon is on safe.
M249 squad automatic weapon M249 (SAW) is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt or magazine-fed, automatic weapon that fires from the open-bolt position. 3600 meters max range 800 meter max effective range
Rifle Combat Optic provides the shooter with quick target acquisition at close combat ranges while providing enhanced target identification and hit probability out to 800 meters
Explain unaided day and night observation techniques Avoid all unnecessary movement Search field of view using the off-center vision method Search field of view using the scanning method. Search field of view using the strip method.
Demonstrate techniques that enhance hearing Hearing is amplified with the mouth open. Removing the helmet will reduce sound distortion. People walking and moving vehicles can be heard by holding ear to the ground.
off-center vision method technique requires viewing an object by looking 6 to 10 degrees above, below, or to either side of the object rather than directly at it
scanning method. to overcome many of the physiological limitations of their eye looking from right to left or left to right using slow, regular scanning movement
strip method observing close to your post and search a narrow strip of 50 meters or less going from right to left parallel to your front. Then search from left to right a second and similar strip farther away but overlapping the first
Preserve night vision one eye should be closed and covered to preserve its night vision.
SALUTE report Size and/or strength Activity or actions Location and direction of movement Unit identification Time of observation Equipment and weapons
FIVE PARAGRAPH ORDER (SMEAC) Situation Mission Execution Administration and Logistics Command and Signal
"SAFE" Security Automatic Weapons Field of Fire Entrenchment
Individual fighting position small as practicable exposing a minimum target to enemy fire but wide enough to accommodate the shoulders of a man sitting on the fire step
Two-man fighting position two-man fighting hole consists essentially of two adjacent one-man fighting holes
Helmet Do Not Heat Water in it Do Not hammer with it Do not Dig with it
Silence gear. To silence 782-gear during combat patrolling; cover all metal areas with tape, tape up all loose straps and anything that could enhance noise.
Waterproof gear To waterproof 782-gear; use trash and zip lock bags to prevent gear from getting wet and use waterproof bag to keep sleeping bag from getting wet.
CAMOUFLAGE Anything that you can use to keep yourself, your equipment, and your position from looking like what they really are
COVER Anything that gives protection from bullets, fragments of exploding rounds, flame, nuclear effects, and biological and chemical agents
CONCEALMENT Anything that hides you from enemy observation. Concealment does not protect you from enemy fire
High crawl used when cover and/or concealment are available, when poor visibility reduces enemy observation, or when greater speed of movement is required
Low Crawl used when cover and concealment are scarce, when the enemy has good observation over the area in which the scout is moving, or when speed is not essential.
Night Walk place heel down first and bal weight of your body on rear foot until a secure spot is found. Lift fwd foot high to clear any grass, brush, or other obst. Cont. to balance body weight on rear foot then lower fwd foot gently, to explore the ground
Creeping night on hands and knees. Use your hands to feel for twigs, leaves, or other substances that might make a noise and clear a spot to place your knee
CASEVAC categories Priority 1 - Urgent Priority 1A - Urgent-Surgical Priority 2 - Priority. Priority 3 - Routine. Priority 4 - Convenience.
9 line reports l1 Location of Pickup l2 Radio Freq, call sign l3 # patients by precedence l4 special equipment requirement l5 # patients by type l6 security of site(w) # wounded (p) l7 marking method l8 patient nationality l9 NBC(w) terrain (p)
AH-1W Cobra Attack helicopter Speed: 147 knots Range: 256 n-miles Crew: 2 officers
Cobra Fire support and security for forward and rear area forces, point target/anti-armor, anti-helicopter, armed escort, supporting arms control and coordination
CH-46E Sea Knight Medium lift assault support helicopter Speed: 145 knots Range: 132 n-miles Crew: 4
Sea Knight assault transport of combat troops, supplies, and equipment during amphibious and subsequent operations ashore
CH-53D Sea Stallion Transportation of equipment and supplies Speed: 130 knots Range: 600 n-miles Crew: 4
Sea Stallion the transportation of equipment, supplies and personnel during the assault phase of an amphibious operation and subsequent operations ashore
CH-53E Super Sea Stallion Transportation of heavy equipment and supplies speed: 150 knots Range: 621 miles Crew: 4
CH-53C Mission transportation of material and supplies,
UH-1N Huey Utility helicopter Speed: 121 knots Range: 172 nautical miles Crew: Officer: 2, Enlisted: 2
UH-1N Mission Airborne command and control, combat assault, medical evacuation, maritime special operations, supporting arms control and coordination, fire support and security for forward and rear area forces
MV-22B Osprey Amphibious assault transport Cruise Airspeed: 240 knots
MV-22B Mission Marine Corps Assault Support
EA-6B Prowler Speed: Maximum .99 mach; cruise .72 mach Range: 850 nautical miles Crew: 4
EA-6B Mission sed to collect tactical electronic order of battle (EOB) data which can be recorded and processed after missions to provide updates to various orders of battle
AV-8B Harrier Cruise speed: Subsonic to transonic Ferry range: 2100 nautical miles Crew: 1
AV-8B Mission attack and destroy surface and air targets, to escort helicopters, and to conduct other such air operations as may be directed
KC-130 Hercules In-flight refueling; tactical transport Speed: 315 knots Range: Tanker mission: 1000 nautical mile(45,000 pounds of fuel) Cargo mission: 2875 nautical miles Crew: 6-7
KC-130 Mission multi-role, multi-mission tactical tanker/transport which provides the support required by Marine Air Ground Task Forces.
F-18A/B/C Hornet Intercept and destroy enemy aircraft under all-weather conditions and attack and destroy surface targets. Cruise speed: High subsonic to supersonic Ferry range: Over 2,000 nautical miles
F-18A/B/C Mission Intercept and destroy enemy aircraft in conjunction with ground or airborne fighter control under all-weather conditions.
F-18D Super Hornet Attack and destroy surface targets, day or night, under all weather conditions; conduct multi-sensor imagery reconnaissance Cruise speed: High subsonic to supersonic Ferry range: Over 2,000 nautical miles Crew: 2
F-18D Mission Conduct day and night deep air support, in all weather. Deep air support consists of armed reconnaissance, radar search and attack, interdiction, and strikes against enemy installations, using all types of weapons compatible with assigned aircraft.
LHA Tarawa class Mission: land and sustain United States Marines on any shore during hostilities
LHD Wasp-class has an enhanced well deck, enabling it to carry three LCACs flight deck and elevator scheme is also improved which allows the ship to carry two more helicopters
LPD Austin class Mission:transport and land Marines, their equipment and supplies by embarked landing craft or amphibious vehicles augmented by helicopters in amphibious assault
LSD Harpers Ferry Mission: ship is to dock, transport and launch the Navy's Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) vessels and other amphibious craft and vehicles with crews and Marines into potential trouble spots around the world
LCAC Landing Craft Air Cushion capable of operating from existing and planned well deck ships. It transports weapons systems, equipment, cargo and personnel from ship to shore and across the beach.
T-AH (sealift) Two hospital ships operated by Military Sealift Command are designed to provide emergency, on-site care for US combatant forces deployed in war or other operations
T-AK (sealift) Each of the five ships of the TAK-3000 Cpl. Louis J. Hauge Jr. class carries a full range of Marine Corps cargo, enough cargo to support a Marine Air Ground Task Force for 30 days
War When instruments of national power are unable to achieve national objectives or protect national interests any other way
Military Operations Other Than War(MOOTW) focuses on deterring war, resolving conflict, promoting peace, and supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises
types of MOOTW Arms control Combating terrorism Enforcement of sanctions/maritime intercept operations Enforcing Exclusion Zones Ensuring freedom of navigation and over-flight Humanitarian assistance Military support to civil authorities Nation assistance
Stalingrad (1942-1943) Soviet defense of Stalingrad cost the attacking Germans dearly in every way and set up conditions for a decisive counteroffensive. (Casualties: 1,630,000+)
Berlin (1945) Soviet offensive to seize the German capital city effectively concluded the last battle of World War II in Europe (Casualties: estimated in the thousands)
Seoul (1950) U.S. and Republic of Korea (ROK) forces recaptured the South Korean capital from the North Koreans (Casualties: Marines, 2,383; others, estimated in the thousands)
Quang Tri I and II (1972 objective of the North Vietnamese 1972 winter-spring offensive was the capture of Quang Tri, the northernmost major city in South Vietnam. Casualties: battles combined, 30,000+)
noncombatant's impact on urban warfare civilians can greatly impede tactical operations. Noncombatants may have the following effects on military operations
Mobility civilians, attempting to escape the battle space can block military movement. Commanders should plan routes to be used by civilians and seek the assistance of the civil police in refugee control
Firepower noncombatants can restrict the use of firepower. Areas may be designated no-fire areas to prevent noncombatant casualties
Security noncombatants increases security requirements in an urban environment to preclude noncombatants from entering defensive areas
Obstacle Employment noncombatants will influence the MAGTFs commander's obstacle plan. Minefields may not be allowed on designated refugee routes
Operational Maneuver from the Sea - Focuses on an operational objective. - Uses the sea as maneuver space. - Generates overwhelming tempo and momentum. - Pits strength against weakness. - Emphasizes intelligence, deceptions, and flexibility
Chemical Yellow Sign, Red Letters
Biological Blue Sign, Red Letters
Radiological White Sign, Black Letters
Chemical Minefield Red Sign with Yellow Stripe,
M40 Protective Mask Consists of a face piece, filter canister, Dual Voice mitter, inlet and outlet valves, and a water drinking system
CBRN Alarm types Voice Visual percussion
Visual The arms are extended straight out to the side and the hands made into a fist. As the word GAS is said, bend the arms at the elbows so the fists are placed to the ears, then repeat three times.
percussion metal on metal, metal triangles struck repeatedly
Upon receiving the command or detecting a contamination presence The mask must be donned, cleared, and sealed within 9 seconds. An additional 6 seconds is given to put the hood in place.
6 levels of MOPP Levels MOPP Ready MOPP level 0 MOPP level 1 MOPP level 2 MOPP level 3 MOPP level 4
MOPP Ready members carries protective mask
MOPP level 0 members have all MOPP gear but is not wearing it
MOPP level 1 outergarment worn open or closed Booties Carried Mask Carried Gloves Carried
MOPP Level 2 outergarment worn open or closed Booties worn Mask Carried Gloves Carried
MOPP Level 3 outergarment worn open or closed Booties worn Mask warn with hood Open or closed Gloves Carried
MOPP Level 4 outergarment worn Booties worn Mask worn Gloves worn
M9 Paper detects the presence of chemical agents but not identify the agent worn around ankles wrists and biceps on exterior of protective clothing
M8 paper M8 paper is issued with your field protective mask and the M256A1 chemical agent detector kit
M8 Paper "yellow/Gold" Nerve "G series"
M8 Paper "dark Green" Nerve "V Series"
M8 Paper "Pink/Red" Blister "H series"
Immediate decon Minimizes casualties, saves lives and limits spread of contamination. is carried out by individuals upon becoming contaminated
Operational Decon Sustains operations, reduces the contact hazard and limits spread of contamination to eliminate the necessity or reduce the duration of wearing of MOPP gear.
Thorough Decon Reduces or eliminates the need for individual protective clothing . carried out by units with assistance from chemical units to reduce contamination on personnel, equipment, and or working areas to the lowest possible level
Three thorough decon techniques detailed troop decon detailed equipment decon detailed aircraft decon
immediate actions required for a nuclear attack without warning with a weapon drop face down head toward blast, weapon underneath or beside with muzzle angled away from face, remain down for 90 seconds or until debris has stopped falling
immediate actions required for a chemical or biological attack without warning React to a gas attack in 15 seconds or less. Don and clear your gas mask. - Sound the alarm. - Secure weapon, - Check for contamination and decon - Assume appropriate MOPP level as directed. - Continue the mission.
Nerve agents interfer with nerve impulses in the autonomic nervous system odorless, almost colorless liquid
Symptoms of Nerve agents pupils constrict muscular twitching vomiting convulsions
Treatment of Nerve agents atropine & 2-PAM CL
how many are you issued 3 2mg auto-injectors of atropine 3 600mg auto injectors of 2-PAM CL
how often do you administer atropine every 15 mins until a mild atropinization occurs, noted by tachycardia and dry mouth
Self Aid apply firm even pressure to injector until it pushes the needle into thigh. Hold atropine injector firmly in place for at least 10 seconds
Buddy Aid do not use your injectors on a casualty, you may not have any antidote availabe when needed for self aid
Blister Agents "Vesicants" Mustard gas Nitrogen Mustard Lewisite
Mustard "HN &HD" oily, colorless or pale yellow liquids sparingly soluble in water
Symptoms of Mustard eyes are the most vulnerable severe burns in armpits, groin, face and neck blistering begins about 12 to 48 hours
treatment of Mustard remove as much of the mustard as possible treat all symptomsand control infection
Treatment of Lewisite Lewisite is an arsenical British Anti Lewisite(BAL) is available in a peanut oil suspension for injection
Blood Agents Block oxygen Transfer
types of Blood Agents Hydrovyanic Acid (AC) Cyanogen Chloride (CK)
Symptoms of Blood Agents Convulsions after 20 to 30 seconds respiratory failure with cessation of heart within a few mins
Treatment of blood agents Amyl Nitrite in crush ampules and Intravenous sodium thiosulfate solution crush two ampules of amyl nitrite in the hollow of your hand and hold it close to the nose. You may repeat this procedure every few minutes until eight ampules have been used.
Choking Agents Phosgene (CG) Chlorine (CI)
symptoms of choking agents watering eyes coughing tightness of in chest labored breating
Treatment of Choking agents Once symptoms appear, complete bed rest is mandatory
Incapacitating Agents Benziate (BZ) Produce mental confusion and an inability to function intelligently
Symptoms of incapacitating agents abnormal inappropriate behavior delusions or hallucinations decrease in alertness
Treatment for Incapacitating Agents Prevent victims from injuring themselves Physostigmine is the drug treatment of choice
Lacrimators "Tear Gas" CN, CS
Symptoms of Lacrimators Intense pain in the eyes with excessive tearing
treatment for Lacrimators exposure to fresh air and letting wind blow into wide open eyes
Vomiting Agents Adamsite(DM) Diphenychloroarsine (DA) diphenylcyanoarsine (DC
Symptoms of Vomiting Agents strong pepper like irritation in the upper respiratory track
Treatment of vomiting agents while the mask must be worn, it may be lifted from the face briefly, to permit vomiting or to drain saliva. recovery usually spontaneous and complete within 1 to 3 hours
White Phosphorus (WP) pale waxy solid that ignites on contact with air when burning particles of WP embed in the skin they must be covered with water, wet cloth or mud particles must be removed surgically
5 purposes of close order drill move unit from one place to another provide simple formations from which combat formations may be readily assumed teach discipline increase confidence of junior officers and NCO Give marines an opportunity to handle weapons
element an individual squad, section platoon of which is part of a larger unit
formation an arrangement of elements on line in column or in any other prescribed manner
line a formation in which elements are abreast, except the a section is in line when its squads are in line and one behind the other
rank a line of marines or vehicles placed side by side
column a formation in which elements are placed one behind the other except that a section is in column when its squads are in column and abreast of each other
file a single column of marines or vehicles one behind the other
flank the right or left extremity of a unit either on line or in column. the element on the extreme right or left of the line. a direction at a right angle to the direction and element of a formation is facing
interval the lateral space between elements of the same lin
normal interval one arms length
close interval the distance between the shoulder and elbow when hand is placed on hip
alignment the dressing of several elements on a straight line
guide the individual who a formation regulates it march
center the middle element of a formation with in an odd number of elements
pace the length of a full step "30 inches"
step the distance from heel to heel between the feet of a marching man
cadence a rhythmic rate of march at a uniform step
two types of drill commands Preparatory command Command of execution
Marine corps color guard (left to right) left rifleman marine corps color bearer national color bearer right rifleman
Navy-marine corps color guard (left to right) Left rifleman (navy) navy color (navy) marine corps color (marine) national color (marine) right rifleman (marine)
joint armed forces color guard left rifleman (marine) coast guard color (coast guard) Air force color (air force) Navy color (navy) Marine Corps color (marine) army color (army) national color(army) right rifleman (army)
wet down a party thrown by a newly promoted staff NCO - amount of money spent by the recently promoted marine is normally one months pay raise. The warrant of the newly promoted Marine is displayed prominently. the warrant was doused with alcohol at some point
hail and farewell introducing any SNCO's and their spouses who have arrived since the last Hail and Farewell and saying good-bye to any SNCO's who are leaving before the next Hail and Farewell.
Promotions and reenlistments In the spring of 1923, the first group of Staff Sergeants received their warrants.
order of presentation - Personal awards presented first. - Promotions second. - Re-enlistments third.
Dining-in When a dining-in is conducted, spouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, and other non-military guests may attend.
mess night The Mess Night is a stag affair. In other words, non-military guests are not invited unless they are being recognized at the dinner.
Seating Arrangement Care must be taken not to place a lady at the end of the table.
Marine Corps birthday The birthday cake will be mounted on a mess serving cart or similar conveyance covered with scarlet and gold bunting.
Relief & Appointment A ceremony held for the relief of the old and appointment of the new SGTMAJ. the SGTMAJ exchange the staff noncommissioned officer sword.This passing of the sword signifies the transfer of this sacred trust from one SGTMAJ to another.
Created by: PALDIS
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