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asymptomatic Without symptoms
defecation Elimination of feces from the gastrointestinal tract thru the rectum.
duodenal bulb Upper duodenal area just beyond the pylorus.
endoscope Instrument consisting of a rigid or flexible fiberoptic tube and optical system for observing the inside of a hollow organ or cavity.
exocrine Gland that secretes outwardly thru the excretory ducts to the surface of an organ or tissue or into a vessel.
friable Easiy broken or pulverized
pepsin Enzyme secreted in the stomach that begins the digestion of proteins.
punctuate Having pinpoint punctures or depressions on the surface; marked with dots.
Varices Tortuous dilations of a vein.
sphincter Circular muscle constricting an orifice.
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
gloss/o Tongue
lingu/o tongue
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
labi/o lip
dent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
gingiv/o gums
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o esophagus
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
gastr/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus
duoden/o duodenum ( first part of the intestine)
enter/o intestine
jejun/o jejunum (second part of the intestine)
ile/o ileum (third part of the intestine)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
col/o colon
colon/o colon
sigmoid sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus, rectum
an/o anus
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
cholangi/o bile vessel
chol/e bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbaldder
-emesis vomit
-iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
-megaly enlargment
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing, eating
-prandial meal
-rrhea discharge, flow
dia- through, across
peri- around
sub- under, below
anorexia Lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat
appendicitis Inflamation of the appendix
ascites Accumluation of serous fluid
borborygmus Rumbling or gurgling noises caused by passage of gas or liquid through the intestine
cachexia General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance.
cholelithiasis Gallstones
Chron's disease, regional enteritis Chronic, inflamation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestional tract.
cirrhosis Chronic, irreversible, degenerative disease of the liver.
colic Spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain, especially in the colon.
deglutition Act of swallowing
desentery Inflamation of the intestine, possibly caused by ingesting water or food containing chemicals, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites.
dyspepsia Epigastric discomfort felt after eating, Indigestion.
dysphagia Inability or difficulty in swallowing.
eructation Producing gas, belching
fecalith Fecal concretion
flatus Gas in the GI tract
gastroesophageal reflux disease---GERD Back flow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to malfunction of the sphincter muscle.
halitosis Bad breath
hematemesis Vomit of blood
irritable bowel syndrome---IBS Abdomenal pain, diarrhea, constipation for which no organic cause can be determined.
obstipation Intestional obstruction, severe constipation
malabsorption syndrome Impaired passage of nutrients in the small intestine, minerals,or fluids through intestional villa into the blood or lymph.
melena Passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestional juices.
oral leukoplakia Formation of white spots on the mucus membranes of the tongue, lips, or cheek cause by irritation.
peristalsis Progressive, wavelike movement that occures involuntarily in holow tubes, especially the GI tract.
pyloric stenosis Narrowing of the pyloric orifice, possibly due to the thickening of the pyloric sphincter.
regurgitation Backward flowing, as in the return of solids or liquid from the stomach to the mouth.
steatorrhea Passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it.
endoscopy Visual exam of a cavity using a lighted instrument.
hepatitis panel Panel of blood tests for hepatitis, A(HAV),B(HBV),C(HCV) by testing serum using antibodies to each of the antigens.
LFTs liver function test Test involving measurement of the levels of certain enzymes, bilirubin, and proteins.
serum bilirubin Measurment of the level of bilirubin in the blood.
stool culture Microbiolagical procedure in which microorganisms in feces are grown on media to identify pathogens.
stool guaiac Applying GUAIC to a stool sample to detect the presence of blood.
barium enema Radiographic exam of the rectum and colon following enema of barium sulfate (contrast media).
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography--ERCP Endoscopic procedure that provides radiographic visualization of the bile and pancreatic ducts.
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography Radiographic exam of the structure of the bile ducts.
sialography Radiographic exam of the salivary glands and ducts.
nasogastric intubation Insertion of a NG tube through the nose to the stomach
anastomosis Surgical joining of 2 ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another.
colostomy Creation of an opening of some portion of the colon to divert fecal flow.
lithotripsy Procedure for crushing a stone
extracorporeal shockwave Use of shockwaves to break up stones.
polypectomy Excision of a polyp
pyloromyotomy Incision of the pylorus to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis.
antiemetics Control nausea and vomiting.
ABC aspiration biopsy cytology
alk phos alkaline phosphatase
ALT alanine aminotransferase
AST angiotensin sensitivity test
Ba barium
BaE barium enema
BM bowel movement
CT or CAT scan computed tomography (scan)
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GB gallbladder
GBS gallbladder series
GER (GERD) gastroesophageal reflux (disease)
GI gastrointestinal
HAV, HBV, HCV hepatitis A,B,C
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
NG nasogastric
PUD peptic ulcer disease
R/O rule out
ac before meals
bid twice a day
npo nothing by mouth
pc,pp after meals (postprandial)
po by mouth
prn as required
qam,qm every morning
qh every hour
q2h every 2 hours
qui 4 times a day
qod every other day
qpm every night
stat immediately
tid three times a day
Created by: jfrane