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Anatomical Terms

Terms From Chapter 1 Describing Body Terms and Regions

TermDefinition
Anterior (Ventral) Toward the front of the body. The nose is anterior to the ears.
Posterior (Dorsal) Located toward the back of the body. The ears are posterior to the nose.
Superior Above another body part or towards the head. The knee is superior to the feet.
Inferior Below another body part. The knees are inferior to the belly button.
Medial Toward the midline of the body. The eyes are medial to the ears.
Lateral Away from the midline of the body.
Proximal A body part closer to the point of attachment or closer to the trunk of the body. The elbow is proximal to the hand.
Distal Farther from a point of attachment or trunk of the body. The foot is distal to the knees.
Superficial Near of surface. The skin is superficial to bones.
Deep Located away from the surface. The bones are deep to the muscles.
Central Located near the center of the body.
Peripheral Located away from the center of the body.
Ipsilateral. Located on the same side of the body as another part. The right hand and right foot are ipsilateral.
Contralateral Located on the other side of the body from another part. The right hand and left foot are contralateral.
Axial Body Portion Contains: head, neck, spinal column, and ribs.
Appendicular Body Portion Contains Limbs: Arms, legs, pelvis/pelvic girdle, and pectoral girdle.
Sagittal plane Cuts the body into left and right portions down the length of the body. Median or midsagittal cuts the person right down the middle.
Frontal plane Cuts the body into anterior and posterior portions (Front and back). This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal plane.
Transverse plane Cuts the body into "top" and "bottom" portions. Imagine a magician sawing someone in half, that is a transverse cute.
Created by: Mr.Klein