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Anatomy 1650


4 Types of tissue Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Bone
4 Functions of Tissue Protection, Permeability, Sensations, Secretions
Epithelial Structure Non-Cellular Basement Membrane B/W epithelial and connective tissue, Packed tightly together, Avasculat
Simple Squamous e.g. Capillary Wall, Alveolus Wall, Smallest part of lung bottom
Simple Cuboidal e.g. Tubule of kidney (nepheron)
Simple Columnar Lining of Stomach, lining of Dig. Syst.
Stratified Squamous epidermis of skin
Stratified Cubodial Lining of Duct of Sweat Gland
Stratified Columinar Lining of Part of Male Urethra
PseudostratifiedColumnar Upper Resp. Syst.
Transitional Tissue Urinary Bladder Cuboidal to Squamous Cell
4 Types of Connective Tissue CTP, Cartlage, Bone, Blood (all from Mesenchymal?/Stem Cells)
6 Functions of Connective tissue Support, Attach, Storage, Transport, Protection, Immune protection
CTP Loose & Dense
3 CTP Types: Areolar, Adipose, Recticular
9 Types of Areolar Cells, Fibroblasts, Collagen Protein, Fibers, Elastic Protein Fibers, Recticular Fibers, Ground Substance, Defence Cells, Adipose Cells, Mesenchymal Cells
Cells Fibroblasts, Defence Cells, Adipose Cells, Mesenchymal Cells
Fibroblast Forming Proteins, Forming ground Substance
Collagen Protein Fibers White Fibers, Collagen Protein, Strong, Flexible and resistant to strech
Elastic Protein Fibers Yellow Fibers, made of elastin protein, strech and recoil
Recticular Fibers White Fibers, like collagen but thinner, branching network of fibers, around capillaries and in organs like spleen, lymph nodes
Ground Substance Produced by Fibroblasts, colourless, gelatinous solution
Adipose Cells Fat Cells, source of energy and protection
Mesenchymal Cells Stem Cell, when fibroblast damages, mesenchymal cell will divide to produce a new one and a remaining stem cell
CTP:Adipose 90% Fat Cells
CTP: Reticular Tissue Predominately reticular type fibers, found in hollow organs ie, Spleen, act like sponge to store or filter fluid
3 CTP:Dense Irregular, Regular, Elastic
CTPD: Irregular Dermis of skin and fibrous capsule around organs. Collagen fibers thicker than in Areolar and arranged in irregular pattern
CTPD: Regular In Ligaments and Tendons, poor bolld supply, no fat or defence cells, Pattern of collagen is parellel or regular
CTPD: Elastic Found in strechable Ligaments ie, ligamentun nuchae, both collagen and elastic fiber, Gives some elasticity, ie bend in neck
Cartilage Cells Chondroblasts, responsible for producing: Collagen fibers, Ground Substance, Elastic Protein
Perichondrium Outer dense CT that surrounds most cartilage
3 Types of Cartilage Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Hyaline Common, sml Collagen fibers, precursor to skeleton syst, end of long bones, costal cartilage
Elastic Web like around chondroblasts, flexible ie ear and epiglottis
Fibrocartilage Chondroblats and Collagen in parellel, little ground substance,no perichondrim, shock absorption, b/w vertebrae as disks and menisci
4 Bone Functions Support, levers, Mineral Storage, Blood formation
3 types of joints Fibrous, Cartlaginous, Synovial
Fibrous Joints Sutures & Sundesmosesb/w radus and ulna, gomphosis (tooth)
Cartilagenous Synchondroses: bones are joined by hyaline cartilage. Found b/t epihysis & diaphysis of growing long bone"epiphyseal growth plate"
Cartligineous Symphyses Bones joined by cartlage disc ir b/t pubic bones and vertebrae
Synovial joint Surrounded by fibrous capsule, articular at ends of bones, synovial membrane-produces fluid to lubricate, may have disc, rings (labtum) for pads for protection and satbility, burse pads to protect muscl. tend. Usually very movable
CV #1-7 Flex, Ext, Rotation, Lat. Flex
Thoracic 8-19 Flex, Ext, lat flex, NO Rotation
Lumbar 20-24 Flex, ext, Lat flex, no rotation
Sacrum (5)/Coccyx (4) Tailbone
4 Vertebral Ligaments Ant/post, Ligamentum Flavum, Interspinous lig, Supraspinous Lig.
Primary Curves Thoacic/Sacral
Secondary Curves Cervical and Lumbar, Developmental, for balance and support
Kyphosis Hunchback
Lordosis Swayback
True Ribs First 7
False Ribs 8-12, 8-10 by costal cartilage, 11-12 float
3 Thoracic Movements Vertical, Transverse, Anterior/post.
Created by: Szekszer