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Legislative Branch

TermDefinition
Pocket Veto When the president doesn't sign a bill for 10 days, the bill does not become a law. This is practiced because there may be stigmas to publicly vetoing it.
Veto The president does not approve of the law, and the bill goes back to Congress. If more than 2/3 votes for it, the veto is overriden and becomes a law, or else, no law.
Speaker of the House He is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives. His duties: Lets people speak, calls on people to vote, starts and ends debate.
Vice President He is required by Constitution to break ties in Senate votes.
Floor Leader He is the leader of the party in his legislative chamber. He guides his partymen how to vote and why. Majority is more powerful and may consult minority leader to compromise.
Conference Committee A temporary committee consisting of both chambers to make changes to the bill so the bill would satisfy both chambers and be passed.
Committee A group of people dedicated to a specific purpose. Each Congressman may only serve in one committee.
Joint Committee A permanent committee consisting of both chambers
Standing Committee A permanent committee in one chamber
Select Committee A specialized committee with a small breadth of purpose and number of members.
President Pro Tempore He substitutes for presiding officers when they are absent.
Bill A proposal for a law
Statute A bill that has passed Congress (but may not be a law)
Law Rules that say what people in the country should do
Congress The legislative branch of the USA
President The executive of the USA who signs, vetoes, and enforces laws
Filibuster A long speech to stall the opposition.
Pork Barrel Legislation Laws that benefit one of the constituents for a seemingly petty reason.
Congressional Earmark Extra money added to one representative in government spending
Lobbying Trying to influence a Congressman to vote in favor of the lobbyist's beliefs.
Nuclear Operation To end a filibuster
Corruption Easily manipulated by bribing or blackmailing
Rules Committee The committee to show a bill to before presenting to all House of Representatives.
Subcommittee An even more specialized committee within a committee but not standalone like a select committee.
Created by: Constitute