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PN 110 Final 1-15

Final exam study helps Ch 1-15 excl 12

QuestionAnswer
groups of cells come together to form tissue
various tissues come together to form organs
organs that function together organ systems
most abundant and widely distributed tissue connective
this tissue includes bone and blood connective
this pleura covers lungs visceral pleura
this lines the thoracic cavity parietal pleura
two blood vessels that drain into the right atrium inferior vena cava superior vena cava
bottom chambers of the heart left and right ventricle
side of the heart that contains oxygenated blood left side
blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart veins
tiny blood vessels that allow gases and nutrients to pass through their walls capillaries
medical name for red blood cell erythrocyte
medical name for white blood cell leukocyte
medical name for platelet thrombocyte
role of RBC blood cell that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
role of WBC blood cell that fights infection
role of platelet cell fragment that helps clot blood
body system that covers and protects integumentary
body system that provides structure, protects organs, stores minerals skeletal
body system used for movement muscular
body system that communicates (transmits) messages nervous system
body system that circulates blood cardiovascular
functions of a membrane covers body surfaces lubricates/reduces friction lines body cavities
sac that contain synovial fluid bursa
name for cells that can detect pain nocireceptor
name for cells that can detect light photoreceptor
name for cells that can detect pressure or distortion mechanoreceptor
molecule inside RBC that carries oxygen (and carbon dioxide) hemoglobin
mineral needed for hemoglobin iron
mineral needed to make thyroid hormones iodine
back section of brain where vision is interpreted occipital
a ridge or high spot on the cerebral cortex gyrus
a valley or low spot on the cerebral cortex sulcus
location of balance in the ear inner ear
membrane that vibrates and helps us with hearing tympanic membrane
ROM bending a body part flexion
ROM moving a body part away from the body abduction
ROM moving a body part toward the body adduction
ROM straightening a joint extension
ROM that turns the palm upward supination
passive movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of lower concentration diffusion
passive movement of water across a membrane from an area of high water to an area of low water (more concentrated with solute) osmosis
muscles must stretch across a _________________ in order to provide movement joint
connects muscle to bone tendon
connects bone to bone ligament
longest bone of body femur
protects the skull cranium
upper arm bone humerus
functions of skeletal system protects organs provides structure stores minerals formation of blood
muscle that controls light into the eye (opens and closes pupil) iris
area at back of eye where images are projected contain light sensitive cells retina
clear layer forming front of eye cornea
part of eye that helps focus image lens
inside cochlea and composed of hair cells that pick up sound organ of Corti
shin bone tibea
four lobes of the cerebrum (cerebral cortex) frontal parietal temporal occipital
part of the brain the governs breathing and heart rate brain stem
part of brain that helps with balance, movement, coordination cerebellum
disease where bone becomes porous calcium used to prevent osteoporosis
type of joint with joint capsule filled with fluid synovial (this is most common and most moveable type)
joints that are fixed with dense connective tissue such as sutures in the skull fibrous
joints connected entirely by cartilage such as between the pubic bones cartilaginous
used to equalize pressure between middle ear and atmosphere Eustachian tube
part of neuron that carries signals away from cell body axon
part of neuron that carries signals toward cell body dendrite
this type of neuron relays messages from the brain out to a muscle or gland motor neuron (efferent)
this type of neuron detect stimuli and transmit to CNS sensory neurons (afferent)
components of CNS (Central nervous system) brain and spinal cord
division of autonomic nervous system that engages during "fight or flight" sympathetic nervous system (increased pulse, breathing, dilates respiratory passages)
division of autonomic nervous system that engages during "rest and digest" parasympathetic nervous system (blood to GI tract, increased salivation)
blood vessels that carry blood away from heart arteries
the nervous system is divided into the central and the ______________ nervous system peripheral
Created by: ballantynec