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Medical terminology

certified medical billing and coding

TermDefinition
Anterior Front surface of body
Poterior Back
Deep away from surface
Superficial close to surface
Proximal near
Distal Far
Inferior Below
Superior Above
Medial Middle/Inside
Lateral side/outside
Supine lying on back
Prone lying on belly
O objective information
Hx history
HPI/PI history of present illness/present illness
H & P History and Physical
C/O Complains of
CC Chief Complaint
A & W Alive and Well
A assessment
tox/o toxic/o poison
therm/o heat
son/o sound
scler/o hard
psych/o mind
ped/o child or foot
gynec/o woman
gen/o organ or production
fibr/o fiber
carcin/o cancer
pneum/o pneumon/o air or lung
neur/o nerve
nephr/o ren/o kidney
nas/o rhin/o nose
my/o muscul/o muscle
hist/o tissue
cyt/o cell
derm/o dermat/o cutane/o skin
col/o colon/o colon
cephal/o head
aden/o gland
abdomin/o lapar/o abdomen
hydro/o water
aer/o air or gass
melan/o black
leuk/o white
erythr/o red
cyan/o blue
-stasis stand or stop
-icle -ole -ula -ule, small
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-oma tumor
-rrhea discharge
-algia -dynia pain
neo- new
post- after or behind
tachy- fast
brady- slow
tri- three
quardi- four
poly- multi- many
mono- uni- one
micro small
hypo- below or deficient
hemi- semi half
bi- two or both
sub- infra- below or under
circum- peri- around
a- an- without
plural of -y -ies
plural of -ax -aces
sub- below or under
-dynia pain
-ac -al -ar -ary -eal -ic -ous -tic pertaining to
peri- around
-tomy incision
-ology study of
-itis inflamation
ur/o urin/o urine
oste/o bone
hepat/o liver
hem/o hemat/o blood
gastr/o stomach
esophag/o esophagus
enter/o small intestine
cardi/o heart
angi/o vas/o vascul/o vessel
protein protein
lip/o fat
plural of -us -i
path/o disease
-metry process of measuring
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
troph/o nourishment or development
lith/o stone
sten/o narrow
-iasis formation or presence of
anti- contra- against or opposed to
retro- backward or behind
-graphy process of recording something
-cele hernia or pouching
plural of -um -a (example; bacterium to bacteria)
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-emia blood condition
plural of -ex or -ix -ices (ex: appendix to appendices
-malacia softening
orth/o normal, straight or correct
or/o mouth
-rrhexis rupture
-rrhaphy suture
acr/o extremity or topmost
ultra- excessive or beyond
OH occupational history
plural of -on -a (ex: phenomenon to phenomena)
-stomy creation of an opening
-y process of or condition
morph/o form
-ptosis downward, displacement or falling
-phil -philia attraction for
-poiesis formation
-gram record
plural of -ma -mata
hyper- excessive
oligo- few or deficient
esthesi/o sensation
py/o pus
-al -eal pertaining to
plural of -a -ae
endo- within
-e general indicator that a word is a person, place or thing
-desis binding
plural of -is -es
inter- between
ecto- exo- extra- outside
-penia abnormal reduction
onc/o tumor or mass
crin/o to secrete
-graph instrument for recording something
meta- after, beyond or change
necr/o death
R/O rule out
ROS, SR review of symptoms or symptoms review
S subjective information
SH social history
Sx symptoms
UCHD usual childhood disease
WNL within normal limits
acute a short course, or sharp;having intense, or often sever aymptoms
chronic a condition that develops slowly and persists over a period of time
benign noncancerous or mild
malignant cancerous or harmful
degeneration gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
degenerative disease any disease in which deterioration of the structure or function of tissue occurs
diagnosis determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms, signs and test findings
etiology study of cause of disease
excerbation increase in severity of a disease, with aggravation of symptoms
remission a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
febrile relating to a fever
idiopathic a condition occurring without a clearly identified cause
localized limit to a definite area or part
systemic relating to the whole body rather than to only a part
malaise a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort; often the first indication of illness
marked significant
morbidity sick; a disease state
mortality the state of being subject to death
prognosis foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on general health status of a patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease; often noted in one word (good or bad)
progressive pertaining to the advance of a condition as the signs and symptoms increase in severity
prophylaxis a process or measure that prevents disease
recurrent to occur again; describes a return of symptoms and signs after a period of rest or inactivity
sequela a disorder or condition usually resulting from a previous disease or injury
sign a mark; objective evidence that can be seen or verified by an examiner
symptom subjective evidence of disease that is perceived by the patient and often noted in his or her own words
syndrome a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease
noncontributory not involved in bringing on the condition or result
unremarkable common; not out of the ordinary or significant
CCU coronary (cardiac) care unit
ECU emergency care unit
ER or ED emergency room or emergency department
ICU intensive care unit
IP inpatient (registered bed patient)
OP outpatient
PACU post anesthetic care unit
PAR Post anesthetic recovery
Created by: 822787547888569