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HC101: Organ Systems

Organ Systems

TermDefinition
Acute characterized by sharpness or severity of sudden onset
Aplasia incomplete or faulty development of an organ or part
cardiovasuclar system an organ system which carries blood throughout the body to transport food, oxygen, and waste. Contains the heart, artery and veins
Chronic continuing for a long time
Diagnosis what is wrong with the patient
endocrine system produces hormones to regulate body activities. Contains the pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, thymus gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries, and testes
Eponym a name (as of a drug or a disease) based on or derived from the name of a person
female reproductive system produces eggs for reproduction and provides a place for the baby to grow. Contains the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, vulva, cervix, and breasts
gastrointestinal system ingests, digests, and absorbs food for the body. Contains the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and salivary glands
Geriatrician a specialist in geriatrics
hematic system also called the blood. Transports oxygen, protects against pathogens and controls bleeding. Contains plasms, erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets
integumentary system an organ system which forms a protective two-way barrier and aids in temperature regulation. Contains the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous gland
lymphatic system protects the body from disease and pathogens. Contains the lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland, and tonsils
male reproductivw system produces sperm for reproduction. Contains the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, penis, seminal vesicles, and prostate gland
musculoskeletal system an organ system which provides support, protects the body, and produces movement. Contains the bones, joints, and muscles
Neonatology a branch of medicine concerned with the care, development, and diseases of newborn infants
nervous system receives sensory information and controls body responses. Contains the brain, spinal cord, and nerves
Procedure Something that is done to the patient
Prognosis the act or art of foretelling the course of a disease
respiratory system obtains oxygen and removes carbon dioxide. Contains the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, and lungs
Sign an objective evidence of disease especially as observed and interpreted by the physician rather than by the patient or lay observer
special senses eye for vision and ear for hearing
Symptom subjective evidence of disease or physical disturbance observed by the patient
Syndrome a group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality
Trauma an injury (as a wound) to living tissue caused by an extrinsic agent
urinary system filters and removes waste products from the blood stream and removes them from the body. Contains the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
Virus the causative agent of an infectious disease
Created by: kredding