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Medical Terminology

AHL120: Chapter 12-15

TermDefinition
Acetabulum Rounded depression, or socket, in pelvis that joins the femur (thigh bone) forming the hip joint.
Adenoids Lymphatic tissue in nasopharynx. Pharyngeal Tonsils.
Albumin Protein in blood ; maintains the proper amount of water in blood.
Allergy Abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen. Reaction occurs when a person has been exposed to an agent.
Apex Tip or uppermost of a structure.
Aplastix Anemia Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
Asthma Chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production.
Atelectasis Partial or complete collapse of the lung.
Atrophy Decrease in size of an organ or tissue.
Axillary Nodes Lymph nodes in the armpit (underarm)
Bone Marrow A soft fatty substance in the cavities of bones, in which blood cells are produced
Bronchoscopy Fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes.
Chondrostal Cartilage that is attached to the ribs. Of or relating to the costal cartilages and the ribs.
Comminuted Fracture A break or splinter of the bone into more than two fragments.
Condyle A rounded protuberance at the end of some bones, forming an articulation with another bone.
Electrophoresis Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge.
Endotracheal Intubation Placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx and trachea to establish an airway.
Hematocrit Percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood.
Hemochromatosis Excess iron deposits throughout the body.
Hemolytic Anemia Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction.
Hodgkin Disease A malignant but often curable disease of lymphatic tissues typically causing painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen.
Immunoglobulin Protein with antibody activity.
Interferons Proteins (cytokines) secreted by T cells and other cells to aid and regulate the immune response.
Kaposi Sarcoma Malignant lesion associated with AIDS; arises from the lining of capillaries and appears as red, purple, brown and black skin modules.
Laryngoscopy Visual examination of the voice box.
Lymph Thin, watery fluid found with lymphatic vessels and collected from tissues throughout the body.
Lymphopoiesis The generation of lymphocytes, one of the five types of white blood cell
Name the Bones of the Face Lacrimal Mandibular Maxillary Nasal Vomer Zygomatic
Neutropenia Presence of abnormal or few neutrophil in the blood, leading to increased susceptibility to infection.
Osteodystrophy An alteration of bone morphology in patients with chronic kidney disease
Osteomalacia Softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in the bone.
Osteomyelitis Inflammation of bone and bone marrow secondary to infection.
Osteoporosis Decrease in bone density (mass) ; thinning and weakening of bone.
Palliative Relieving symptom but not curing disease.
Pernicious Anemia Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb Vitamin B12 into the bloodstream.
Pertussis Whooping cough, highly contagious. bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx and trachea.
Pneumocystis Jiroveci Pneumonia A form of pneumonia, caused by the yeast-like fungus. Not commonly found in the lungs of healthy people, but, being a source of opportunistic infection, it can cause a lung infection in people with a weak immune system.
Poikilocytosis Irregularity in the shape of red blood cells. Occurs in certain types of anemia.
Polycythemia Vera General increase in red blood cells (erythremia)
Relapse Occurs when disease symptoms and signs reappear (return) necessitating further treatment.
Scoliosis The spinal column is bent abnormally to the side. Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
Supination Turning the palm upward.
Thalassemia Inherited disorder of abnormal hemoglobin production leading to hypochromia.
Tonsillectomy Surgical operations to remove the tonsils.
Tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils.
Tonsils Masses of lymphatic tissue in the back of the oropharynx.
Tracheotomy Incision of windpipe to relieve obstruction of breathing.
Visceral Muscle Muscle connected to the internal organs; involuntary or smooth muscle.
Interleukins Proteins (cytokines) that stimulate the growth of B and T lymphocytes.
Created by: itsdelis