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A&P 1 CH 1-3

Dr. Cutler SU-The introduction-The Microscope-The Cell

Anatomy is the study of Structure
Physiology is the study of Function
Levels of Organization Chemical Cell Tissue Organ System (of organs) Organism (a person)
Noninvasive Diagnostic Techniques Palpation Auscultation Percussion
Metabolism Pathways The sum of all chemical processes that occur in the body. Catabolism-breakdown of complex chemical reactions Anabolism-building of complex chemical substances from smaller simpler components
Homeostasis The condition of equilibrium (balance) in the body's internal environment
Body cells depend on the precise regulation of? Chemical Composition in the surrounding fluid
Intercellular Fluid Fluid inside the body cells
Extracellular Fluid Fluid outside the body cells
Control of Homeostasis: Feedback Loop Receptor Control Center Effector
Control of Homeostasis: Negative Feedback Responce reverses ex: restoring blood pressure (high or low) ex: thermostat
Control of Homeostasis: Positive Feedback Response enhances (increases) the original stimulus ex: labor ex: heat stoke ex: orgasm
Symptoms Subjective Changes that are not observant to the observer ex: headache ex: nausea
Signs Objective Changes that you can see or measure ex: rash ex: fever
Body Positions: Anatomical Position Standard method of observing or imaging the body that allows precise and consistent anatomical reference. ex: person stands erect, facing the observer, arms are by side, the palms of hands are facing forward, and feet are flat on floor.
Anatomical Terms: Axial Pertaining to the center part of the body the head and the trunk
Anatomical Terms: Cephalic Pertaining to the head
Anatomical Terms: Cranial Pertaining to the skull that surrounds the brain
Anatomical Terms: Facial Pertaining to the face
Anatomical Terms: Frontal Pertaining to the forehead
Anatomical Terms: Orbital Pertaining to the eye
Anatomical Terms: Otic Pertaining to the ear
Anatomical Terms: Nasal Pertaining to the nose
Anatomical Terms: Buccal Pertaining to the cheek
Anatomical Terms: Oral Pertaining to the mouth
Anatomical Terms: Mental Pertaining to the chin
Anatomical Terms: Occipital (ox-SIP-i-tal) Pertaining to the back of the head
Anatomical Terms: Cervical Pertaining to the neck
Anatomical Terms: Thoracic Pertaining to the chest
Anatomical Terms: Sternal Pertaining to the breast bone
Anatomical Terms: Pectoral Pertaining to the chest
Anatomical Terms: Mammary Pertaining to the breast
Anatomical Terms: Abdominal Pertaining to the abdomen
Anatomical Terms: Umbilical Pertaining to the navel
Anatomical Terms: Coxal Pertaining to the hip
Anatomical Terms: Pelvic Pertaining to the pelvis
Anatomical Terms: Pubic Pertaining to the genital area
Anatomical Terms: Dorsal Pertaining to the back
Anatomical Terms: Scapular Pertaining to the shoulder blade region
Anatomical Terms: Vertebral Pertaining to the spinal column
Anatomical Terms: Lumbar Pertaining to the area of the lowest area of the back between the lowest rib buttocks
Created by: cambridgedavis