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TDommel

YTI- Med Term-Anemias

QuestionAnswer
Diminished numbers of WBCs and platelets due to bone marrow suppression; Serious form of anemia that may be fatal Aplastic (hypoplastic)
Caused by a defect in the gene responsible for hemoglobin synthesis Sickle cell anemia
Normal levels achieved by increasing folic acid in the diet or eliminating contributing causes Folic-acid deficiency anemia
Most common type of anemia worldwide Iron-deficiency anemia
Assiociated with premature destruction of RBCs; Usually accompanied by jauntice Hemolytic
Commonly caused by exposure to cytotoxic agents, radiation, hepatitis virus, and certain medications Aplastic (hypoplastic)
Chronic progressive disorder found mostly in people older than age 50; Treated with B12 injections Pernicious anemia
Characterized by red blood cells that change from their normal shape to cresents and other irregular shapes that cannot enter capillaries when oxygen levels are low, resulting in severe pain and internal bleeding Sickle cell anemia
Associated with loss of blood volume;Normal levels achieved with correction of underlying disorder Hemmorrhagic
Caused by the excessive destruction of RBCs or such disorders as erythroblastosis and sickle cell anemia Hemolytic
Commonly caused by acute blood loss, childbirth, or chronic blood loss Hemmorrhagic
Caused by low levels of vit B12 in peripheral RBCs that may be the result of a lack of "intrinsic factor" in the stomach, which then inhibits absorption of B12 Pernicious anemia
Created by: TDommel