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Urinalysis Word List

Define the wordAnswer
Excretion The removal of metabolic wastes
Elimination Discharging undigested or unabsorbed food from the digestive tract.
Ureter The duct that connects the urinary bladder and the kidney.
Hilus The indentation on the border of the kidney.
Renal Capsule Connective tissue covering the kidney.
Major Calyces Funnel shaped cups of the renal pelvis that receive urine from the minor calyces.
Nephron Microscopic functional unit of the kidney.
Renal tubule Microscopic filtrate collection system of the nephron.
Renal corpuscle Microscopic structure of the kidney that filters fluid.
Glomerulus A network of Capillaries projecting into Bowman’s capsule.
Bowman’s Capsule The cup shaped structure of the renal corpuscle that covers the glomerulus.
Afferent arteriole Small artery that brings blood into the glomerulus.
Efferent arteriole Small artery that takes blood away from the glomerulus.
Proximal convoluted tubule First portion of the renal tubule that collects filtrate.
Juxtaglomerular apparatus The structure of the kidney which helps to regulate the blood pressure.
ADH Antidiuretic hormone – Hormone that increases reabsorption of water.
Diuretics Chemicals that increase urine volume by decreasing water absorption.
Proteinuria Presence of protein in the urine.
Hematuria Presence of intact red blood cells in the urine.
Glycosuria Presence of glucose in the urine.
Ketonuria Presence of excessive amount of ketone bodies in the urine. Also called ketoaciduria.
Casts Formed protein secretions that are deposited in the urine in kidney disease.
Incontinence The inability to control excretory functions.
R & M Routine and microscopic – routine chemical and microscopic analysis of urine usually using a dip-stick method.
Created by: stephen.kahler