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Test #3

Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
What is the technical name of pharynx? throat
What is the function of the pharynx? passageway for air,food , and liquid.
What is the technical name of the the larynx? voice box
What is the function of the larynx? voice production,provides and open airway,routes air and food into the proper channels.
What is the technical name of the trachea? windpipe
What is the function of the trachea? passage way for air going into and out of the lungs
Where is the meatus located? Beaneath the nasal chonchae (nasal cavity)
What is the conchae located? upper chamber of nasal cavity (nasal cavity)
Where is the uvula located? hangs off the soft palate (nasopharynx)
Where is the epiglottis located? superior end of the larynx (larynx)
Where is the glottic opening located? thyroid cartilage (larynx)
How many lobes are in the left lung? 2
How many lobes are in the right lung? 3
What are the 2 names of the lobes of the left lung? superior and inferior
What are the 3 names of the lobes of the right lung? superior, middle and inferior
How many fissures are in the left lung? 1
How many fissures are in the right lung? 2
What is the name of the fissure in the left lung? oblique
What is the name of the fissure in the right lung? oblique and horizontal
Where is the cardiac notch located and function? Located in the left lung and its a depression that accomodates the heart.
What is the function of bronchi? main passage way for lungs
What is the fucntion of bronchioles? tiny airways that carry O2 to alveoli
What is the function of the alveoli? assist O2 exchange through the thin walls
What is the function of the respiratory membrane? allows gases to be exchanges for our metabolic needs.
What is the function of the type I alveolar cell? simple squamous epithelium that form a continuos lining.
What is the name of the type II alveolar cells? septal cells
What is the function of the type II alveolar cells? secrete fluid with surfactant that prevents the collapse of alveoli during exhalation.
What is the function of the macrophages? eat small dust particles and debris
What is external respiration? exchange gases between alveoli and blood.
What is internal respiration? exchange gases between blood and tissues.
What is cellular respiration? breakage of sugar and turn it into ATP.
Where is the external respiration located? pulmonary capillaries
Where is the internal respiration located? systematic capillaries.
Where is cellular respiration located? mitochondria
What is inspiration? inhaltion of O2
What is expiration? exhalation of CO2
Where is inspiration and expiration located? mouth,nose o r both.
What skeletal muscles are used during passive inspiration? diaphragm and external intercostals
What skeletal muscles are used during forceful inspiration? diaphragm,external intercostals,scalene, and sternocleidomastoid
What skeletal muscles are used during forceful expiration? internal intercostals and abdominal muscles.
What are the two ways O2 is transported? Hemoglobin and plasma
What are the three ways CO2 is transported? Bicarbonate, hemoglobin, and plasma.
Where is the main respiratory control center? brain stem
What are the 6 names of the digestive processes? Ingestion,secretion,mixing and propulsion,digestion,absorption, and defecation.
What is the function of ingestion? taking food into the mouth
What is the function of secretion? the release by cells within the walls of the GI tract and accessory organs, of H2O, acid buffers and enzymes into the lumen of the tract.
What is the function of mixing and propulsion? alternating contraction and relaxation of the smooth muscles with in the walls of the GI tract.
What is the function of the digestion? 1.mechanical digestion 2. chemical digestion
What is the function of the absorption? passage of the end products of digestive from the GI tract into blood for lymph for distribution to body cells.
What is the function of defecation? emptying the rectum by eliminating indigestible substances from the GI tract.
Where is segmentation located? small intestine
Where is haustral churning located? colon/large intestine
Where is deglutition/peristalsis located? pharynx and esophagus.
What is the function of the peritoneum? support and covers organs inside the abdomen.
Where is the peritoneum located? Abdominal cavity
What is the function of the falciform ligament? binds anterior part of liver to anterior abdominal wall.
Where is the falciform ligament located? Left midline of the abdomen.
What is the function of the great omentum? connects greater curvature of stomach to posterior abdominal wall.
Where is the location of the great omentum? hangs down from stomach
What is the function of the lesser omentum? attaches liver to the lesser curvature of stomach
Where is the lesser omentum located? abdomin.
What tissue makes up mucosa? epithelium,lamina propria, muscularis mucosa
What is the function of the mucosa? lines the lumen of the tube
What tissue makes up the submucosa? aerolar connective tissue
What is the function of the submucosa? supports the mucosa
What type of tissue makes of the muscularis? thin layer of smooth muscle
What is the function of muscularis? skeletal muscle is found where we can voluntarily control movement.
What is the order of the GI tract wall organs from deepest to superficial? Mucosa,submucosa, and muscularis
Where is the submucosal plexus of ENS located? submucosa
What is the function of the submucosal plexus of ENS? 1. monitors for chemicals and stretch 2. causes seretion
Where is the myenteric plexus of ENS located? located between the 2 layers of smooth muscle in the GI tract
What is the function of the myenteric plexus of ENS? contributes to mobility.
What are the major GI organs? mouth,pharynx,esophagus,stomach,small intestine, and large intestine
What is the function of the mouth? chewing of food to swallow
What is the function of the pharynx? passageway for air,food, and liquid
What is the function of the esophagus? carries food from pharynx to stomach
What is the function of the stomach? chemical and mechanical digestion
What is the function of the small intestine? absorption of nutrients from food.
What is the function of the large intestine? absorbs H2O and remove solid waste.
What are the accessory organs of the GI tract? teeth,tongue,salivary glands,liver,gallbladder,pancreas
What is the function of teeth? physical digestion of food
What is the function of tongue? movement of food into esophagus
What is the function of the salivary glands? moistens food for swallowing
what is the function of the liver? production,storage and release of bile.
What is the function of the gallbladder? storage and releases bile
What is the function of the pancreas? produce,store and release digestive enzymes
What is the function of the parasympathetic branch of the ANS? conserves energy and promotes housekeeping functions during rest.
What are the neurotransmitters in parasympathetic branch of the ANS? acetylocholine
What are the nerves of the parasympathetic branch of the ANS? branches theres really no nerves
What is the function of the sympathetic branch of the ANS? mobilizes body systems during activity.
What are the neurotransmitters in sympathetic branch of the ANS? norepinephrine and epipinephrine
What are the nerves in the sympathetic branch of the ANS? vagus nerve
Which nutrients are absorbed by the capillaries and lactela so the small intestine? Amino acids, carbohydrates, and fatty acids
Where is the hepatic duct located? connected btween left and right hepatic ducts
What is the function of the hepatic duct? drains bile form liver
Where is the cystic duct located? connects the top of the gallbladder to the common hepatic duct
What is the function of the cystic duct? drains bile from gallbladder
Where is the common bile duct located? where the hepatic duct and cyctic duct join.
What is the function of the common bile duct? drains bile from cystic duct and common hepatic duct
Where is the pancreatic duct located? joins the pancreas to the common bile duct
What is the function of the pancreatic duct? carries enzymes from pancreas to duodenum
What contents does the hepatic artery carry? carries O2 rich blood from heart to lier
What contents does the hepatic portal vein carry? carries digested rich nutrients blood from small intestine to liver
What contents foes the hepatic vein carry? carries digested rich nutrients and CO2 rich blood from liver to inferior vena/cava of heart.
What are the components of the CNS? brain and spinal cords
What are the compoents of the PNS
Created by: osana_coco4