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Med Term Quiz 3

TermDefinition
Anorchism congenital absence of one or both testes.
Angina Chest pain associated with myocardial ischemia
Astrocytes Glial (neuroglial) cell that transports salts and water from capillaries.
Aura Peculiar sensation appearing before more definite symptoms.
Balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Prostatic enlargement, nonmalignant
Bilateral Orchiectomy excision of one or both testes, done when a testis is seriously injured or diseased (as in testicular cancer).
Cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle
Cause of essential hypertension Essential hypertension is high blood pressure that doesn’t have a known secondary cause. It is also referred to as primary hypertension.
Cerebellum Part of the brain that coordinates muscle movement and maintains balance.
Cerebrovascular accident (stroke) Disruption of the normal blood supply to the brain; stroke
Common cause of nongonococcal urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra that is not caused by gonorrheal infection. For treatment purposes, doctors usually classify infectious urethritis in two categories: gonococcal urethritis, caused by gonorrhea, and nongonococcal urethritis (NGU).
Cryogenic Surgery Use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze or destroy tissue.
Cryptorchism one or both testes fail to descend from the abdomen in the scrotal sac near the time of birth.
Cyanosis abnormal condition of bluish coloration of the skin.
Dementia Mental decline and deterioration.
Diastole relaxation phase of the heartbeat.
Dysesthesia impairment of any sense, especially of the sense of touch. 2. a painful, persistent sensation induced by a gentle touch of the skin.
Embolus Blood clot that is carried by the bloodstream from one area of the body to another where it blocks a blood vessel.
Embryonal carcinoma Malignant tumor os the testes.
Fibrillation Random, rapid, inefficient, and irregular contractions of the atria or ventricles.
Gyri Sheet nerve cells that produces a rounded fold on the surface of the cerebrum.
Hypothalamus Region of the brain lying below the thalamus, but above the pituitary gland. It stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete and release hormones.
Identify (list) serum enzymes
Interstitial; cells of the testes In the testes, these cels lie between the seminiferous tubes and produce testosterone.
Intrathecal Pertaining to within the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Ischemia Condition of holding back.
Mitral Valve Valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; bicuspid valve.
Orchiopexy Surgical fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum.
Parenchymal although often used to refer solely to alveolar tissue, term describes any form of lung tissue including bronchioles, bronchi, blood vessels, interstitium, and alveoli.
Parenchymal tissue Functional, essential tissue of an organ. The seminiferous tubules are the parenchyma of the testis.
Paresthesia Abnormal nervous sensation occurring without apparent cause. Examples are tingling, numbness or prickling sensations.
Pericardium Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart.
Phlebitis a condition in which a vein becomes inflamed (phleb=vein + it is=inflammation). The inflammation may cause pain and swelling. When the inflammation is caused by a blood clot or thrombus, it is called thrombophlebitis
Phlebotomy Incision of a vein for the removal of blood.
Pneumoencephalogram an X ray of the brain made by replacing spinal fluid with a gas (usually oxygen) to improve contrast
Prepuce Fold of skin covering the glans penis (tip of the penis); foreskin.
Purulent Pus-filled; forming or containing pus.
Seminoma Malignant tumor within a testis
Sinoatrial node Sensitive nervous tissue in the wall of the right atrium; pacemaker of the heart.
Syphilis Sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria (spirochetes). A chancre (ulcer) on the genitalia is a characteristic lesion.
Systole Contraction phase of the heartbeat
Systole the contraction, or period of contraction, of the heart, especially of the ventricles, during which blood is forced into the aorta and pulmonary artery. atrial systole contraction of the atria by which blood is forced into the ventricles;
Testis Male gonad that produces spermatozoa (sperm cells) and the hormone, testosterone.
Testis either of the paired, egg-shaped glands normally found in the scrotum; called also testicle. The testes produce the spermatozoa (the male reproductive cells) and testosterone which is responsible for the secondary sex characters of the male.
Tetralogy of fallot a congenital abnormality of the heart characterized by pulmonary stenosis, an opening in the interventricular septum, malposition of the aorta over both ventricles, and hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
Varicocele Enlarged dilated veins near a testicle.
Vas deferens Narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body, around the urinary bladder toward the urethra.
Vasectomy Removing a piece of each vas deferent and tying off each end.
Created by: Brianna1997